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Full text of "The history of Jackson Township, Sullivan County, Indiana"

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REYNOLDS HISTORICAL ^"^^^ 

GENEALOGY COLLECTION 

7075238 



THE HISTORY OF JACKSON TOWNSHIP 
SULLIVAN COUNTY, INDIANA 



by 

The Senior English Class 

Hymera High School 

1915 

Eunice Asbury - English Teacher 



Allsn County PublULib^rV 
H. VfaynS' Indiana 



^07L.'-i3H 




mm 



HYMERA niJH SCHOOL BUILDING. 















ERRATA 



Chapter 1, page 2, Forty-four 
square miles in the tovsTishfp instead 
of fifty-four 

Chapter 1, page 2 Property of 
the township is ^assessed at about 
$1,800,000 Instead of $1,000,800. 

Chapter 1, page 3 Henry R Wal- 
lace was at one time trustee of the 
township Name omltted_in the list 

Chapter 2, page 14 .George T 
Duckworth, civil war veteran is liv- 
ing in the state of Oklahoma. 



DEDICATION 



To those pioneers who came to 
our township when it was a wilder- 
ness and braved the hardships of life 
at that time, in order to establish 
homes here; to those who have lived 
before us and made it possible for 
us to enjoy the blessinbs of life that 
we have today; and to our fathers 
and mothers whose untiring sacrifice 
has made it possible for us to be 
here in school today, we the Senior 
English Class of the Hyraera High 
School, lovingly dedicate this little 
book. 

Hymera, Ind., April 8, 1915. 
Dear Reader: — 

No doubt you have noticed tliat 
the old pioneers of our township are 
passing away and that the link be- 
tween the long ago and now will 
soon be severed. We are very busy 
with today, so busy that we often 
forget that today is only made pos- 
us to enjoy the blessings of life that 
that we enjoy today was made pos- 
sible by those who labored before 
us. In the business and commercial 
world we discard all things that have 
lived past their usefulness and some- 
times we show the same neglect and 
ingratitude toward the old people 
that are left with us. They have 
traveled a great distance along the 
road we call life and have seen much 
in passing. They have gathered 
much which they will gladly give us 
for the asking and yet we pass them 
day after day without thinking of 
this. Out over the country are old 
landmarks that are passing, too. 
Soon there will be nothing left to 
call to us from the time when the 
country was new. In order to pre- 
s^^rve some of the stories and tra- 
ditions of the long ago and arouse 
Interest in the collection and preser- 
ration of records that pertain to the 
history of our township, we have 
compiled this little volume. You 
will perhaps find it very meagre and 
often inaccurate. This is due to our 
mistakes and in part to the fact that 
tUe people who have helped us have 
disagreed as to dates and names. <o 



we trust that you will read with a 
generous spirit. Yet if our little 
volume inspires one person who 
reads it to be' more thoughtful of 
our old people or to take more care 
of our old landmarks and relics of 
the past; if it inspires just one to 
make record of our time before it 
passes, for those who come later, we 
shall feel that we have labored In a 
good cause. In this little volume we 
have made only a beginning but 
later we may be able to correct, re- 
vise, and enlarge this history. In 
regard to the biographies we would 
like to say that on account of the 
lack of space it was necessary to lim- 
it the number to include only the 
very oldest residents of the town- 
ship, excepting the biographies of 
Mr. Nead and Mr. Williams. Their 
biographies are here by virtue of 
their offices. Mr. Nead was trustee 
during the first half of the school 
year when the history was written 
and helped us very much in many 
ways, and Mr. Williams has been our 
trustee during the last half of the 
year while we were getting it ready 
for the publishers. It may be that 
in collecting the biographies we have 
omitted some that should have been 
given. If this is true it has not been 
done purposely. We certainly appre- 
ciate the encouragement and assis- 
tance that has been given us and 
have elsewhere made mention of 
the people who have rendered it. 
THE SENIOR ENGLISH CLASS. 

Hymera High School. 



In gathering material for history, 
we found the people of tl.e township 
ever aeady to give assist 'ice in ev- 
ery way they could. In ac ;' "vledge- 
ment of their service and oui grati- 
tude to them, we give the'r names 
below: 

F. M. f/ecv<i^ xVathan Hinkle, S. II. 
Nicholson. ' Self. Kenneth Self. 

John HalLt,y:r/c«c/t William Mahan, 
Charles .Mahai .iallie McAnally. C 
J. McAnally. Dv;-Thralls. Joe Tip- 
ton. Mr. and Mrs. S. W. Asbury, 
James n. McCammon, Wesley .Ma- 



hail, Mrs. James Bigss. Miss Maggie 
Higgs. Edward Stewart, J. VV. Zink, 
Henry Bariiliart, Nathaniel Nelson, 
Mrs. Jane Halberstadt, Ben Brid- 
well, Frank Bolt, (Charles McGarvey, 
Mrs. Mary Peterson, Mamie Shep- 
herd, Nellie Shepherd, Frank Curry, 
Joe Curry, John Curry, Mrs. Jane 
Curry, W. T. Nelson, George Shep- 
herd, Martin Badders, Clarke Rich- 
ardson, W. A. Stewart, R. L. Ladd, 
I. E. Gouckenour, A. L. Somer, A. B. 
Gouckenour, A. P. Asbury, Rev. M. 
O. Robbins, James Shoemaker, 
Susan Beckett, Samuel G. Mahan, 
Mrs. Mary Crawford, Albert Zink, 
Dr. Plew, James Nicholson, E. A. 
Marratta, Harlow Slack, Mr. and 
Mrs., Samuel Cole, Mr. and Mrs. 
Joseph Asbury, Icy Strahle, Myrtle 
Nicholson, Chas. Bennett, Mary J. 
Beckett, R. P. Beckett. Mrs. John H. 
Mahan. Mrs. R. P. Beckett, Lottie 
Burris, Chester Bosstick, Charles 
VanArsdall. Katherine Xead, Gilbert 
Beckett, Robert Hinkle, Cary Little- 
john, James Luzader, J. R. Sharp, 
S. R. Brown, G. T. Brunker, Albert 
Cramer, John G. Barnett, Wni. Har- 
vey, Isaac Mahan, James Barnett, 
Dale Watts, Mrs. Vick Tipton, Mrs. 
Sarah Jane Asbury. 

Chapter 1. 
JACIvSOX TOWNSHIP. 

Jackson Township is located in the 
northeast corner of Sullivan County 
and contains fifty-four square miles. 
This tract was organized into a town- 
ship about 1825 during Jackson's 
administration and was named in 
honor of the President. At that 
time the township was almost an un- 
broken forest excepting a small tract 
of flat clay prairie in the southeas- 
tern part known as the "Tennis 
Prairie." With the exception of a 
tract of land in the east central por- 
tion known as the "Hickory Flats", 
the land in the township is rolling. 
The soil is principally clay, and the 
drainage is good. The principal 
creeks are Busseron. which enters 
the northern part of township and 
flows south through the township; 
and Shepherd Creek which enters 
the northeastern part, and flows 
southwest across the township. 



In the pioneer day.s. farming ^a.S 
the principal industry of the lo\^jr)- 
sliip, but within the last tweuty-f ^ 
years farming has given preceded 4 
to coal mining. Within the last i O^^ 
years however a number of iniA-C > 
have been worked out and ahcjA- 
doned. and for that rea.^on far[ni//<» 
is again coming into more pro^^i- 
nence. The farmers are beginn»1<^ 
to look more towards the scien^l P- ' C 
side of farming and their labors ^v-C 
being rewarded. In 1912 the fa/^o\- 
ers of the township held their r.»"5* 
township institute. The second iwO-S 
held in 1913 and the last in Nov o^ 
1914. So far. the institute has r/o-h 
been able to accomplish a great d(?<ll 
but as the organization grows, to+'h 
in numbers and in age it will t<Q 
doubt be able to reach and help .e, y 
ery farmer in the township. f=? uJ, 
Hayes, the County Agent of Acri (? u. I 
ture, says that since the mining » i - 
dustry is on the wane that ther. if 
a great promise for farming in f h € 
future. His article found el.=ewhe'<"e 
in this history, tells how JackttJ'V 
Township may climb to the fron: 
agriculture. 

Besides the farming and imL'^^ 
our township also has within HX-f 
borders a powder mill for the man k.- 
facture of explosives, the historv o P 
which is given elsewhere. 

In the early days there were p^>-d'' 
tically no roads, but Jackson To«>r''— 
ship today has thirty miles oT x^rr^ 
proved stone roads, and about tjM/^-^ 
enty miles of clay roads. 

The population of the township I * 
about forty-five hundred. It is made, 
up chiefly of Americans, althou.^ih 
there are several French, Hungay* I - 
ans, Russians and Germans. 

There are eleven districts in th* 
township, and in all over a thous- 
and school children are enrollei!. 
The property of the township is af 
sessed at one-million, eight hundred 
dollars. 

In the early days the school and 
civil affairs of the township wr •e 
managed by a board of three trus- / 
tees. In 18.")G these trustees were 
Nathan Hinkle. Samuel Patton and 
Hosea Pavne. In 186J a single 
trustee took the place of the three. 

2 ^ 



S*>-"^^ of the trustees of township 
ji-<..;-e-^63 are Nathan Hinkle, John- 
(-f^rr-^ homas, Boylston Ladd, James 
PfB\^/, V. D. Ciinimins, Sr., Thomas 
SmAAT. J. Scott. Joe Asbury, Sam- 
-CUX Wi-Mahan, James Sanders, F. M. 
■TWJind W. J. Williams. 

T" • township was first settled in 
+rfV2 e<yly part of the last century. 
Tli^' imes of some of the first fami- 
{•tsf-9 find homes here were Pitt, 
C(]\<Kmmon, Plew, Brown, Hugh- 
J'^'^ky Cochran, Hinkle, Man war- 
Ring, Payne , Shepherd, As- 
iZink, Nicholson, Halberstadt, 
^ Biggs, Wence, Sills, Mc- 
lU-and Neff. 
ihe first settlement of the 

• ^ .. lip, in each household every 
ru: -.ry was represented, but later 
i: came to be more of a division 

.,- : uor and then there were be- 

.•■i..- - farmers, many tanners, car- 

•: • s, wagon-makers, coopers, 

:,< akers, and blacksmiths. Some 

:l first coopers were John John- 

5'/tP "^ vVilliam Lreetlove, John Wood, 

'6J'//«im Mahan, Thomas Mahan and 

L>i*Jf«i^ Asbury. One of the early 

-t'(SCf\nc>is> was Mr. Heck. Some of the 

shoemakers were Frank Stock, 

f*y- Story and John Wilson. Some 

' :'. ; early carpenters were John- 

i'^ft>>- rhomas, John Ford, Walter As- 

Ux.cy and George Barnett. At first 

• . were no sawmills and every 
r ( of timber that went into a 
-: ■ ' had to be made by a carpen- 
;■ • The first boards were sawed by 
Mi-' , of a whipsaw which was op- 
' 1 by two men. The piece of 
•i = ' ' r to be sawed was placed on a 

■Id and one man stood above 

:w' : ine man below and sawed to a 

lit • ■ narked on either side of the 

' "■ '.. In the early days no finished 

.: ;r could be purchased so that 

■'\':\ piece' of lumber had to be 

•■.■■■> ed b.v a carpenter by means of 

.. ' id plane. The buildings put to- 

p'"; r by the old time carpenters 

■' ■ I much better than they do to- 

Naiis at that time were very 

;• • e so all joints were mortised 

' the roofs were often fastened 

^weight poles. Later some ol 

"thcloofs were made in the style 

Klty-eufn^ a.-^ the "lap shingle roof" 



which lasted much better than the 
roofs of today. There are through 
the township some old buildings 
with roofs of this sort. Perhaps the 
first frame house in the township 
was Mr. William Pitt's, the house in 
which Nathan Hinkle lives at pres- 
ent. Mr. Pitt sawed with a hand 
saw, each piece of weather boarding 
on this house. The shingles were 
made of walnut. They were re- 
moved only a few years ago, having 
been on the house for seventy-five 
years. Another old house and one 
of the first frame houses of the 
township is Mr. Isaac Mahan's house. 
Each piece of timber used in this 
house was made by the carpenter' 
Other phases of the life in the eai 
days is best described in a story i.s 
told by a pioneer resident of the 
township. It is as follows: 



.A STOUV OF PIONEER LIFE 

IX JACKSOX TOWNSHIP. 

In the good old days, as they are 
often wrongly called, there were no 
comforts and very few necessities 
as we consider them today. The 
first settlers who came to this town- 
ship found a wilderness in which 
the.v constructed rude log huts from 
round logs. Later, however, almost 
all the settlers had houses built of 
hewed logs. The roofs were covered 
with clapboards and the chimneys 
were made of sticks and clay. The 
chinks between the logs, both inside 
and out. were daubed with codrse 
plaster made of clay and lime and 
the walls were whitewashed. 

It was in just such a house that I 
was born- — a house composed of one 
immense room. In the center of one 
side of this room was a large fire- 
place, four feet high and five feet 
across^ Into this, on cold winter 
evenings, the wood was piled high 
and the evenings we spent about it 
are a part of the joyous side of the 
long ago. But when we tell of the 
old fireplaces we forget how much 
chopping it took to supply them with 
wood. 

It was at th's same fireplace that 
we cooked our meals. I was a large 
girl before we owned a stove, yet we 
did not mind, for our neighbors lia<l 



3 



none, either. The fireplace had a 
crane upon which we hung an iron 
teakettle in wliich we boiled water; 
or an iron pot in which we prepared 
our boiled dinners. 

The baking and frying of food 
were done in large skillets or ovens, 
under which and over which, live 
coals were placed. A great many 
people who are living today have 
.seen the old covered skillets in 
which corn-dodger was baked. Tiiis, 
with a crock of good sweet milk, 
made an excellent supper. I have 
never since those days tasted any- 
thing so good as the corn-dodger 
and milk that we used to eat about 
the fire on cold winter evenings. 
There was also the Johnny-cake that 
we baked on boards especially pre- 
pared for that purpose. This kind 
of bread has aften been lauded in- 
stories of the olden times, but it 
was not nearly so delicious as the 
dodger. 

We did not have such a variety of 
food in those days as we do now, 
but there was always plenty of it and 
it was genuine. In those days we 
never heard of adulterations and 
substitutes for good wholesome 
food, so we did not need pure food 
laws and food inspectors. Meat, 
which today is about to pass from 
a necessary diet to a luxury, could 
then bf produced in plenty by every 
family. There were always pork, 
smoked beef, venison and small 
game in every larden There were 
no canned goods. I was a woman 
grown before I ever saw a fruit can, 
yet we had plenty of pies in the 
winter, for every housewife during 
the summer dried a sufficient quan- 
tity of apples, peaches, cherries and 
pumpkin to last through the winter. 
1 imagine you are wondering 
where such fruit was to be found in 
the old pioneer days. Every family 
which came into this new country 
carried with them fruit-tree sprouts 
and fruit seeds which they planted 
out around their cabins in the wil- 
derness. They did not have the fine 
varieties of budded fruit that we 
have now. but the seedling trees, as 
they were called, brought forth 
fruit that surpassed in flavor any wo 



have today. Kruit then was never 
sold but was freely given by those 
who had orchards, to their less for- 
tunate neighbors. Many of the old 
settlers had cider mills which sup- 
plied the homes with cider and vine- 
gar. 

We also had all kinds of vege- 
tables with the exception of toma- 
toes, which we did not know were 
good for food. I can remember very 
well the first tomatoes we ever ate 
and how sparingly we ate of them 
at first. Our vegetables such as cab- 
bage, potatoes, turnips, parsnips and 
beets we buried in mounds in the 
garden from which we took them as 
we needed them during the winter. 

We did not have very many things 
to drink with our- food. Children 
usually drank milk but the older 
people drank coffee except during 
the war when it was so high priced 
that they could not afford it. They 
then made a substitute for coffee by 
using parched corn, wheat, and other 
grain. It tasted very much like the 
Postum of today. 

The crop of hazel and hickory 
nuts was much larger than it is now 
so that we always had plenty to eat 
as we sat about the fire on winter 
evenings telling riddles and singing 
songs. We did not have any piano. 
Indeed we did not know there was 
such an instrument, but we sang lYiQ 
old ballads, folk songs and hymns 
without any accompaniment except 
the crackling of the fire in the old 
fireplace. 

We often told stories but we did 
not read much, for our library was 
sn.all.* It consisted of the Bible, Pil- 
grim's Progress, and the Almanac. 
When I was almost grown we sub- 
scribed for the Cincinnati Inquirer, 
a newspaper which came with each 
mail which was once a week. These 
we read by the light of a candle for 
we did not even have kerosene lamp.s 
until later and then we were almost 
afraid to use them. 

We made all our own candles. We 
had a candle moid which made a 
dozen candles at one time. Into 
these molds we put wicks and then 
filled the molds with mdied tallow 



i wliioh soon hardened and the candles 

j were then ready for use. 

; I imagine I can hear some child 

I who reads this say that he wishes 

i. he could have lived In those good old 

days. It does seem good as we tell 
of the joyous side, but there was 
. another side — a hard, struggling, 

pinching, dark side that you would 
;• not want to go back to, after having 

enjoyed the comforts and opportuni- 
; ties of nineteen hundred and fifteen. 

[ When bedtime came we went to 

I our bedrooms which were just op- 

; posite the fireplace on the other side 

I of the big room. Here were two im- 

; mense four poster bedsteads so large 

;. that I could not climb into bed un- 
' til I was a large girl, without first 

climbing upon a chair or stool. The 
springs of these beds were made of 
cords that creaked as the sleeper 
moved about. Upon these cords 
were mattresses of straw and im- 
mense feather beds and pillows. We 
slept beneath heavy woolen blankets 
and comforts. On top were curious- 
ly woven coverlids. Yet we never 
once dr«eamed as we slept that a day 
would come when money could not 
buy one of these same coverlids. We 
just dived into these soft beds and 
knew nothing till morning. You 
young people may have your mat- 
tresses and boards if you like but 
give me an old fashioned feather bed 
to really rest upon. 

I know you are wondering where 
we all slept, for there were a great 
many of us as there always were in 
every family in those days. Well, 
beneath those high four posters were 
trundle beds that were drawn out at 
night and with the help of th^se a 
large family could be accommodated 
in small quarters. 

How would you like to climb out 
of this warm bed on a cold morn- 
ing, upon a floor made of boards with 
great cracks through which the cold 
came, and find it covered with snow 
that had sifted through the chinks 
of the wall during the night? No 
doubt you would do just as we did, 
run up to the fire as quickly as pos- 
-it.le and get what comfort it coiild 
give. 

Thn question of dress was liardlv 



the problem then that It is now. The 
girls wore homespun flannel dresses 
in winter and calico dresses in sum- 
mer; while the boys wore jeans 
suits In winter and linen suits in 
summer. The shoes they wore were 
not made especially for beauty; in 
fact, beauty was entirely overshad- 
owed by the question of service. 
Each fall father purchased a side of 
leather and took it to the shoemaker 
of the nieghborhood and had boots 
and shoes made for the whole fam- • 
ily. The lasts he used were not 
triple A's, the heels were not French 
and the flexibility of the sole was 
never thought of. Indeed, after 
wearing them for awhile they be- 
came as hard and set in shape as if 
they had been made of rock. Yet 
the shoes of those times never hurt 
the feet of the wearer, for the cus- 
tom was never to make a shoe the 
size of the foot but at least one num- 
ber longer and wider. This left 
room for the coarse yarn stockings 
that were worn in winter and also 
for the shrinking and hardening of 
the leather caused by exposure to 
the water, for we never heard of 
overshoes in those days. The boots 
often got so hard and stiff that it 
took a great deal of kicking and 
stamping to get them on and after 
getting them on it was almost impos- 
sible to get them off. It was to 
remedy this difficulty that the boot- 
jack was invented. It became the 
boy's best friend at night time. 

Would you like to take another 
look into the old house of the long 
ago? I can see it just as if it were 
only yesterday that I had come from 
there. The walls were whitewashed 
and in the early spring at house- 
cleaning time looked very white, but 
during the following winter they be- 
came streaked with yellow by the 
rain and snow that were blown 
through the chinks between the 
logs. 

On the mantle above the big fire- 
place was a large old Seth Thomas 
eight-day clock which was about the 
only ornament in the room. Reside 
it on the wall hung the almanac. On 
either side of the mantle beside the 
(•lock were candle sticks. 



The fiirnitiirp In tliis room was all 
lujiiie-iuade, that is, made by cabinet 
makers of tlip neiRhborliood. and 
niu'.h of it was unpairited. The 
chairs were made of maple with 
split bottoms. Some of the splits 
were of liickory bark, some of oak, 
and some of willow. We also had 
baskets made of these materials. 
The chairs were not painted and it 
was m.v painful duty to scrub them 
with sand and soap every Saturday. 
They were very white when I had 
finished, but it was a long, tiresom--- 
job. The floor, on which we never 
had any carpet until I was grown, 
also had to be cleaned with sand and 
soap. 

We had school during the month-, 
of December, January and February, 
which we attended when we could 
be spared from other work. I 
reached the fifth grade as the 
schools were graded then. During 
the first year I studied the spelling 
book only, and during the rest of my 
school days, I spent the greater part 
of the time on Reading, Writing, 



Spf^Uiiig and Arithmetic. 

1 wish I ootiM tiike your Senior 
Class from your beautiful liigh 
school building witii all its ac:onio- 
dations and comforts, back si\t> 
year.- to the little log school h.ouse 
which I enterei on niv first day of 
cchool. It was built of logs, had a 
large open fireplace, and wiis very 
much like the dwelling houses ex- 
cept that it had a puncheon floor 
and was filled with puncheon seats, 
that is, seats made of logs spl'.t 
through the middle and placed down 
smooth on the split surface which 
became the seat. These seats had 
no backs and when I firs' entered 
school my feet would not reach the 
floor. You can scarcely imagine 
how tired I became before tVe day 
was over. I was always very glad 
when -our clacs was called to recite 
or when it came our turn to take 
our writing lesson. There were ben- 
ches placed along the side of th>^ 
wall, just high enough to write upon 
by standing. It was here tha* we 
made our copies of the perfect!.' 




SENIOR CLASS. HYMERA HIGH SCHOOL. 



From left to right, top row — 
Thomas Drunker, Reba Nicholson. 
Cecile Case, Daisy Mahau. Second 
row — Lucile Beckett, Effie Mahan, 
Hobart CJritton. Hilda Chapman. 
Broud.s Lang. Donna Gnuckenour. 



Third row — Nellie Farley. r.=>iilih 
Slack. Elizabeth Bailey, Mable Brix- 
ton, Pauline Beckett. Fern Clark. 
Ruby Xeal. i. Fourth row — Chl^o" 
Syster. "John,' iHalberstadt. 
McAnally, Dick Rennet t. 
Chapman. Jack Tiptnn. . 



Fl^ 



FIVMMflA mcH scFioor. tea(mip:rs. 



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^^^pip^p^^^^^^^^^j^- ;» jj^^^ffi^^^a 


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tefiftS^S-iiiliSSi 


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From left to right, top row — W. V. Payne, Superintendent of Schools, 
J. P. Curry, Manual Training. Lower row — Eunice Asbury, English, R. 
C. Shields, Latin and German. Mary E. Sheridan, Domestic Science, Na- 
omi Laue, Supervisor of Mus'c and Drawing. 



formed letters that the teacher gave 
us. We used quill pens and home 
made ink. 

I think you will agree with me 
that the hill of learning was rather 
long ai'-d steep, yet we climbed it as 
joyfully as you do today. As I look 
back on these days, I th'.nk school 
was made up principalis' of spelling, 
arithmetic and discipline. 1 cannot 
remember of ever once being called 
upon to explain a passage in read- 
ing. The prose selections we read 
as fast as we could until we happen- 
ed to bump up against a hard word. 
The .teacher helped us over it and 
on we went, caring nothing about 
anything but reaching the goal, the 
end of the paragraph, as soon as pos- 
sible. Yet I think our reading of 
poetry was rather more wonderful 
than this. When I arose to read a 
poem I stood on one foot, braced 
myself with the other, and began to 
read. I read the lines just as you 
scan poetry except that I swayed 
back and forth in perfect harmony 
with the rhythm. Oh, but 1 was great 
in reading poetry and re;Mting it, 
too, but I never dreamed of its hav- 
ing a meaning! I was never asked 
to explain the meaning of a single 
line. But when it roines to spellinii 



you Seniors fall far short of the 
grades in the long ago. I will war- 
rant you that any one of our old 
fifth grade could spell down your 
whole high school and you teachers, 
too, for that matter. Perhaps the 
reason we were better spellers than 
you are today is due to a single fact. 
We studied spelling and spelled sev- 
eral hours during the day. At cer- 
tain times we were allowed to study 
our spelling lessons aloud and it was 
then we gained our wonderful pow- 
er of concentration. If any one of 
the rabble should forget just once 
and cease his study aloud, the noise 
would overcome him and he would 
be lost. But if he kept ahead and 
felt continually the movement of 
his lips and the sensation of his own 
voice in his ears, he could make 
himself perfectl.v oblivious of his 
surroundings and feel as the stran- 
ger in a . crowded thoroughfare, 
"alone in a crowd". 

There were_ some bright moments 
in the long tedious hours. These 
were when we were allowed to sing 
the capitals and boundaries of the 
states, and the multiplication table. 
The following is part of the song of 
the capitals-'-tlif vt-rs-cs for the New 
England States. 



No. 1. 
State of Maine, Augusta 
On the Kennebfc River 
State of Maine, Augusta 
On the Kennebec River. 

No. 2. 
Vermont, Montpelier 
On the Onion River 
Vermont, Montpelier 
On the Onion River. 

No. 3. 
New Hampshire, Concord 
On the Connecticut River 
New Hampshire, Concord 
On the Connecticut River. 

No. 4. 
Massachusetts, Boston 
On the Boston Harbor 
Massachusetts, Boston 
On the Boston Harbor. 

No. 5. 
Rhode Island has two capitals 
Providence and Newport 
Rhode Island has two capitals 
Providence and Newport. 

In the evenings after school we 
often had spelling matches, literar- 
ies, debates, and singing schools at 
the school house. The song books 
we used in those days were very un- 
like those used today. The notes of 
the scale were all made in a differ- 
ent manner. For instance, we did 
not have to know the key or the po- 
sition of a note to know its name. 
No two notes of the scale were 
shaped alike, so that the name of a 
note could easily be determined by 
its^ shape. This rendered our note 
reading much easier than yours. 

The social affairs I have mention- 
ed were not however all the social 
life we had. There were log-rollings 
and quiltings. These usually came 
in the spring before corn-planting 
lime. Each man would clear a tract 
of timber land on his farm during 
the winter, and in the spring he 
would invite in his neighbors, peo- 
ple who lived within a radius of five 
or six miles, to help him roll the 
logs together to burn. It seems to 
you now that this was a terrible 
waste of valuable timber, yet you 
must remember that timber was ev- 
erywhere then. Walnut and other 
valuable trees were often made into 
rails and no one at that time ever 



^•/rf'amed that the time would come 
when those same rails, if they had 
been preserved, would bring a fabu- 
lous prif-e. This proves the old ad- 
age, that the wealth of one genera- 
tion is often the poverty of the next. 

It was at these log-rollines and 
al.so at house-raisings that the men 
showed their feats of strength. In 
Ralph Conner's "Doctor", there is 
a good description of the same ex- 
hibitions of strength that we had in 
the olden time. The women came 
with the men to these gatherings. 
They prepared dinner and in the af- 
ternoon the.v quilted. 

What would you who ride in auto- 
mobiles think if I should tell you 
that the first ride I remember tak- 
ing was behind an o.x-team. Oxen 
were often used when I was a girl 
but their place was soon taken by 
horses. When I was grown, almost 
every one rode horseback. Eac!i 
member of the family had a saddle 
and a horse. The girls rode on side- 
saddles and over their dresses wore 
long riding skirts. A buggy in those 
days was as unusual a sight as an 
aeroplane is today. However, each 
farmer owned a wagon, a home- 
made one, that is, one made by a 
wagon maker of the neighborhood. 
The harness was also home-made. 

You might be interested to know 
just how we kept busy throughout 
the different seasons. In Jan-jary 
we began work with the flax which 
had been pulled the summer before 
while in bloom. We now spread it 
on the ground to rot the stalk so 
that we could get the lint. W'hen 
well rotted, we gathered it up on a 
dry day and took it through the 
process of "breaking" to remove the 
stalk. It was then "swingled" or 
"scotched" to take out parts of the 
broken stalk, leaving onl.v the pure 
flax. We then took it through a 
coarse hackle to get out the coarsest 
"tow," then through a fine hackle to 
get out the fine tow. What was left, 
which was the pure flax, was then 
twisted into "hanks" and made rea- 
dy for spinning. 

To prepare for spinning, the fiax 
was first wound upon a distaff. From 
this it was spun into several differ- 



eiit sized threads, upon what was 
then known as the "little wheel," 
the "big wheel" being used for 
spinning woolen yarns. The threads 
according to sizes were woven into 
linen cloths for tablecloths, towels, 
sheets and cloth for men's summer 
trousers. After a piece of linen was 
taken from the loom it was placed 
in the dew after night until it was 
bleached white. 

Some of the flax was spun into 
very fine threads which were dou- 
bled and twisted again for sewing 
thread. These were dyed into the 
colors needed. The tow, after be- 
ing spun was woven into cloth for 
towels, sacks and ticking for straw 
mattresses. 

In February and March came the 
sugar making. Then all the family 
who were old enough turned out to 
camp and helped to make both sugar 
and syrup to last through the year. 
We never saw any granulated sugar 
in those days so we had to make 
sufficient maple sugar to last until 
the next season. 

Later in the spring came the soap- 
making time. Then we made soap 
to last throughout the year. During 
the winter we placed the ashes from 
the big fireplace into a hopper for 
the purpose and kept them moist 
and under cover to rot them. In the 
spring we poured water over these 
ashes, and caught the lye which 
came from them at the base of the 
hopper. We then filled a huge iron 
kettle full of lye and put with it 
meat cracklings or grease of siiffl- 
cient quantity, about two gallons to 
twelve of lye, and boiled the mix- 
, ture until it was thick enough to 
make soft soap when cooled. ' Into 
some of the mixture we put salt to 
make the soap hard when cold. This 
we cut into cakes and put into a dry 
place. The air acted upon it in such 
a way as to render it less strong 
than the liquid aoap. This was our 
toilet soap. 

About the middle of May came 
the sheep-shearing. As soon as the 
wool was sheared it was washed in 
warm water, without soap. many 
times until it was perfectly clean. 
Then all the burrs and trash were 



removed. It was then sent to the 
carding mill and made into rolls 
about two and one-half feet long 
and one-half inch thick. These were 
spun on the "big wheel" into yarns 
of different sizes. For the warp of 
the flannels, we made the yarns fine 
and hard twisted, but for the woof 
they were made soft and coarser. 
For the soft, fluffy blankets, we spun 
coarse, soft yarns. Sometimes, how- 
ever, the blankets were woven on 
cotton warp. The jeans for men's 
clothing was also made on cotton 
warp. We usually spun about one 
hundred pounds of wool during the 
summer. This took us all summer 
long. I do not like to remember 
those long days and my tired feet. 
You girls of today know nothing 
about hard work as we knew it in 
those days. 

With the exception of wool used 
for mixed jeans, all of it was col- 
ored after it was spun. For the red 
dye we purchased madder; for the 
black, logwood; and for the yellow, 
copperas and alum. But for other 
colors we made our dyes, with the 
exception of the indigo we used with 
the blue dye. The blue dye, used 
for coloring both wool and linen, 
»as made in the following way. A 
material known as blue dye yeast 
which was kept from year to year, 
was put in a quantity of water suf- 
ficient to make enough dye for the 
materials to be colored. Into this 
was put weak lye and wheat bran 
and the mixture was kept in a warm 
place for several days, until the 
yeast had acted upon it. Then in- 
digo was added until the right shade 
of coloring was obtained. It was 
then ready for use. Six or eight 
skeins of the yarn or thread was 
then put into this dye and left for 
air hour or more. It was then taken 
out and dried to see the shade of 
coloring. It was dipped several times 
a day for several days. At night, 
the yarn was hung out in the air and 
more indigo placed in the dye mix- 
ture. Day after day this was re- 
peated until the desired shade of 
blue was obtained. After the dyeing 
was finished, a quart of the mixture 
was taken out and kept until the 



il>oing season for tlie next year. Tl\is 
was known as blue dye yeast. 

The brown dye was made from 
walnut bark. It was gathered in 
tlie summer while green and chopped 
into small pieces. It was then put 
into a barrel and covered with wa- 
ter and weighted down to keep it 
under the water. Here it stood for 
nine days. The water was then 
poured off and used as dye. Into 
this the yarn was dipped until it 
was the shade of brown wanted. To 
color the thread or yarn green, we 
first colored it pale blue and then 
dipped it into a d.ve made by boiling 
peach tree leaves in water. 

The mixed jeans mentioned above 
was dyed before spinning. The wool 
which was to be used was first 
washed thoroughly and dyed a dark 
blue color. A small quantity of 
white wool was then mixed with 
this blue wool. It was then spun 
into yarn and woven into a beauti- 
ful mixed blue cloth called jeans 
which was very fashionable at that 
time for men's clothing. There were 
very few tailors at that time, so ev- 
ery housewife made the clothing for 
the men of the family. 

There were no sewing machines 
at that time so all the garments for 
the family were made by hand. I 
was a woman grown before we pur- 
chased our first sewing machine. It 
was a Howe. 

•,We not only_ made cloth for clo- 
thing but also braids for hats. Be- 
fore harvest time we took the un- 
ripe wheat and rye straw and wet 
and braided it. This braid we 
stitched into shape for men's sum- 
mer hats. The women wore slit 
bonnets for every day, but on Sun- 
days they wore braid hats trimmed 
with artificials. This word may 
have no meaning for the girl of to- 
day but it was freighted with mean- 
ing then, for artificials often had to 
do with religion itself. Some people 
at that time were as inconsistent as 
they are today. A great deal was 
said about wearing artificials upon 
women's bonnets, yet the men wore 
hypocrites which were equally as 
great a sham. A h.vpocrite was a 
white shirt front with a collar fas- 



teiifd to it. .\ man could put on a 
hypocrite over his every day shirt. 
put hi.s coat over it and feel very 
much "dressed up." A certain min- 
ister who wore one of these hypo- 
crites was once preaching before a 
crowded house. He took off his coat 
and went on preaching and did not 
understand until tiie close of the 
sermon just why his eloquence 
brought forth so many smiles. 

Each winter the men cleared a 
tract of land for the next .vear's corn 
crop. Here also tne men showed 
their feats of strength and skill. 
The man who could split the most 
rails was in great demand by the 
land owners of the neighborhood. 
Some of the best rail-splitters at 
that time could cut down the timber 
and split from one hundred fiity to 
two hundred rails a day. For this 
work they received one dollar a day. 
This was an excellent wage at that 
time for the ordinary hand required 
only fifty cents a day. 

In the spring after the logs had 
been burned, the ground was. brok- 
en up. harrowed, and crossed off 
both ways in rows three feet aoart. 
The corn was then planted by hand, 
usually by the boys and girls in the 
family who were not of suff.cient 
size to perform heavier tasks. M.v 
feet ache yet when I think of it. You 
may talk about "spring fever" now 
with impunity but we were not al- 
lowed time in which to catch it. 

Besides corn, the farmers raised 
wheat, buckwheat, rye. and oats. 
The wheat was first cut with a reap 
hook, but later a scythe and cradle 
was used. An excellent reaper 
could cut from three to five acres a 
day with a scythe and cradle. For 
this work he received the fabulous 
wage of from one dollar to one dol- 
lar and a half a da.v. 

At first the wheat was threshed 
by a flail but later it was tramped 
out by horses and at a still later 
date it was threshed by a "ground 
hob" thresher run by horses. This 
left both wheat and chaff so that it 
was nece>;sary to take it to a fan 
mill in order to separate the wheat 
from the chaff. Then came the siepa- 
rator drawn bv ten horses. 



10 



The men at that timn madf all 
their own barrels. To do this they 
rove staves of oak and let them 
season. They then trimmed them 
into shape, making them wide in the 
middle and narrow at each end. 
This was done in order to make the 
barrel wider in the middle. The 
staves were then listed or cut ao 
that the inner edge of the stave was 
narrower than the outer edge. They 
were then put together and by 
means of a tress hoop they were 
drawn into shape, and hickory hoops 
put on. In order to draw them into 
shape a small fire of shavings was 
built inside the barrel. When the 
staves were steaming hot they were 
drawn into shape and the hoops fas- 
tened. Around the upper and lower 
edges of these staves chines were 
cut in which -wece- fitted the head 
and bottom of the barrel. 

The land in those days was un- 
fenced, excepting the cleared fields 
where grain was raised. Since the 
farms were so far apart, this left 
great tracts of unbroken forest. The 
hogs, cattle, and sheep belonging to 
the different farmers were branded 
and left free to roam over the coun- 
try and feed upon the grass and 
nuts. In the fall each farmer would 
round up his stock. The hogs grew 
fat upon the nuts or the mast as it 
was called, and needed very little 
corn to make them ready for meat. 

During the winter the men spent 
a great deal of time in hunting 
deer, turkey, and other game which 
also furnished meat for the table. 
They also hunted for sport for in 
those days there were no greater 
sports than the fox chase, the coon 
hunt, and the 'possum hunt. 

In the early days before much of 
the land had been cleared there was 
a great deal of sickness, especially 
chills and fevers. They were caused 
by the mosquitos from the swamps 
but we did not know it then. Doc- 
tors were few and far between so 
that each family made its own medi- 
cine and prescribed for its patients. 
During the autumn months house- 
wives gathered the • roots of the 
snake-root, alicanipane, rhubarb, 
bearvine. comfrey. ginseng, wahoo. 



blood-root and yellow-root; the 
seeds of mustard and flax; the leaves 
of thyme, sage, tansy, cammomile, 
mint, hops, horehound, catnip, pen- 
nyroyal, and muUen; and the bark 
of prickley ash, dog-wood, cherry, 
willow, quakenasp, and sarsaparilla. 
F^'rom these they made teas, bitters, 
poultices, and what not, that cured 
all the ills incident to pioneer life. 
F'rom the hops they made not only 
medicine but also yeast. To make 
the yeast they boiled the hops and 
strained the tea. They then scalded 
a little flour and put in some yeast. 
This was mixed with meal and rolled 
into cakes and dried. 

I have pictured to you some things 
of the long ago, some of its joys, 
and some its hardships. We who 
lived in those times have long ago 
forgotten much of the hardships and 
it is well that we have. While there 
was much of physical labor in those 
days, there was less of care and wor- 
ry than now. yet life is very much 
the same, whether lived in the long 
ago or now. For life is very much 
as we make it. 

"Hie following is a partial list of 
the soldiers who have at some time 
lived in this township: 
J, Revolutionary War 

Hinkle, Nathan, Sr., deceased. 
The War of 1812. 

Asbury, Landman, deceased 
.Mexican and Civil Wars. 

Pierson, H. T., deceased. 
The Civil War. 

Asbury, Squire W. 

Asbury, Joseph" 

Asbury, A. P. 

Barcus, Joel M. 

Barcus, Sol G.. deceased. 

Brock. Elijah. 

Barcus, Thomas G. 

Baldridge, D. L. 

Barnhart, Henry 
*Bemis, Ezra, deceased 

Bridwell, Benjamin 

Cochran, Nicholas H. 

Denton, Robert 

Dell. Milton C. 

Duckworth, Geo. T. 

Engle, Mason, deceased. 

Ford, Lyman, deceased 

Ford. John, deceased 

Gilman. Wm., dcco.nsed 



11 



Gilman, Ichabod 
Gorby, Pierce, deceased 
Hamilton, Alexander 
Hinkle, Nathan 
Hughes, Henry M. 
Heck, John 
Harvey, W. W. 
Johnson, W. E. 
Johnson, Jas., deceased 
Lyons, Thomas 
Lyons, Wm. H., deceased 
Marshall, Singleton 
McAnally, Gary J. 
McAnally, John 
Mahan. John R. 
Mahan, Jno. J. 
McAnally, Thos. J. 
Nead, John, deceased 



N'ead. Jacob, deceased 

Nead, Uriah, deceased 

Nead, John W.. deceased 

Nicholson, S. H. 

Nelson, John 

Payne, Joseph 

Payne, James A. 

Payne, Mosback 

Patton, Samuel 

Ring, Noah, deceased 

Sink. L. D. 

Spear, Jno. A. 

Snowden, John 

Swift, Richard K., deceased 

Sills, Wm. H.. deceased 

Screen, John 

Tipton, John 

Worth, John, deceased 



12 



Chapter 2. District No. 




Di-^trict No. 1 is located iu the ex- 
treme northeast j)*r,t of the town- 
ship. The land is broken and not 
very well adapted to farming, al- 
though this is the principal industry 
of the district. There is, however, 
a slope mine located in the south- 
eastern part of the district. It was 
sunk about 1865, by James Kennedy. 
The old mine fell in and a new one 
was sunk in 1911. 

One of the first residents of this 
district was Isaac Pierson who en- 
tered land here about 1835. He 
later owned a distillery which was 
located on the farm which is now 
owned by Mrs. Rumette Boston. Mr. 
Pierson made u great deal of whis- 
key which ho sold for twenty-five 



cents per gallon. The liquor made 
at that time was a much better 
quality than is made today and the 
people were more temperate in the 
use of it. Some of the people who 
later came to this district were Geo. 
Biggs, Jesse Boston, James and Bil- 
ly Stout, and Dave Sills. 

^The first school house in this dis- 
trict was a log one built about 1850. 
It was located near the center of 
the southwest section of the district. 
It was built as all of the first school 
houses were built of which a des- 
cription is given elsewhere in this 
history. Some of the first teachers 
who taught here were John Watson, 
Robert Baldridge, Wesley Barnes, 
Clabron Woods, Margaret Sills, and 
Helen Flood. 



13 



Some of tliH first students who at- 
tended here were John ^V^ Boston, 
James M. Boston, Preston Sills, 
Louis Brown, N'anoj- Pierson, Sarah 
Pierson. Jack Watts, Elizabeth Sills, 
Squire \V. Asbury, William H. H. 
Asbury, Mary Jane Asbury, Joseph 
Asbury, Mary Ann Pierson and John 
Brown. Some who came a lit- 
tle later were William Heady, Pres- 
ton Stout, Eugene Heady, Taylor 
Watts, Lucy Asbury, Elizabeth As- 
bury. Geo. Mahan. John Mahan, 
Lemuel Mahan, Anna Mahan, Helen 
Mahan, Winfield Stewart, Louisa 
Smith, Mandy Smith, Eliza Ann 
Smith, Joseph Freeze, Mary Anne 
Stout, Dora Stout, Joseph Stout, 
Steven McHaffy, Agnes McHaffy, 
Alec Canoy, Rebecca Canoy, Matt 
Duckworth, Benj. Mahan, Mary 
Stout, Wesley Mahan and Howard 
Mahan. 

The second school building was a 
frame structure built about 1874. It 
was situated where the present brick 
house stands. Some of the teach- 
ers who taught here were John Mc- 
Donald, William Grant, Ves Bald- 
ridge, Thomas Kennedy, ' Thomas 
Berlien, Mandy Gritton and Clid 
Sills. 

. The present brick building was 
erected in 1894 and the teachers 
and students who have been associ- 
ated with this building are well 
known to every one in the township. 

About 187 a brick kiln was 
owned and operated by David Mc- 
Grew. It was located on the Mc- 
Grew farm, near Mt. Pleasant Ceme- 
tery and the ruins of the kiln are 
still discernible. 

There is one rock road in this dis- 
trict which extends along the east 
and south sides of the northwest 
section of the district. The road is 
3 miles in length and was built in 
1906. 

There are a few buildings of the 
town of Lewis that are located in 
this district. They are the Masonic 
Hall and the dwelling houses belong- 
ing to John Scott, John Boston, Dr. 
Cruikshank, Mrs. Woodrow and Mrs. 
Pierson. 

Some of the soldiers who enlisted 
from this district when the Civil 



V.'ar broke out wpre (Jeo Duck- 
worth, William Sills, and Wohnan 
Stewart, all of whom are dead. 
Mtiiiiit I'leasMiit (liurrh. 
Mount Pleasant, a former church 
of -Mi-sionary Baptist denomination, 
was situated near the center of sec- 
tion eleven. District No. 1. The 
church was organized about 1844. 
Some of the charter members were 
Harvey Crist and wife, Geo. Crist 
and wife, Jackson Duckworth, Nan- 
cy and Sarah Duckworth and Geo. 
Biggs and wife. The only charter 
member living is Mrs. Sarah Duck- 
worth Biggs who at present lives 
near Pierson Station, Illinois. 

Some early additions to the church 
were Samuel Stout. John Pierson, 
Henry Pierson, James Stout, David 
Sills, Elizabeth Sills, Addison Mary- 
mee, Peter Buskirk and wife. W'ra. 
Asa Mahan and wife, Abner Crist 
and wife, Asa Branson and wife, 
Nancy Liston, Eunice Pierson. James 
Curry and wife, A. Curry, Martha A. 
Curry Biggs, Martha Crist, • Louis 
Marymee and wife, Geo. T. Duck- 
worth. John Duckworth and wife, 
William Sills and wife, Preston Sills 
and wife, Sarah Crist. James Mc- 
Cammon and wife. Samuel Sills and 
wife. Sarah McCammon, Josephine 
McCammon, Charlotte Marymee," 
Mary Sills, Elizabeth Marymee. Thos 
Stark and wife. William H. Asbury, 
Ale.x Shepherd and Jerry Strahley. 

Some of the early ministers were 
Samuel Sparks. Daniel Starks. Wni. 
Stancel. William Eldridge, Abrah.im 
Starks and Geo. Crist. Others were 
Thomas Cuppy, Gea. Mariow, James 
Turner, James William Stark, Sam- 
uel Slavens and James Barr. 

This church belonged to the Cur- 
ry's Prairie Association and was ac- 
tive and in good condition until 
1880. At this time occurred the 
death of Geo. C. Biggs, one of the 
foremost members of the church. A 
number of other members had mo\pd 
away and gone into other denomi- 
nations and the church attendance 
fell away until services were discon- 
tinued. In 18S2 ti:e Association sent 
Rev. .\llen and Isaac McGrew to meet 
with the members and make arrangv- 
ment.s to continue .cervices but they 



14 



did not succeed and soon the church 
was disbanded. The building wa3 
sold to Chas. Stewart who moved it 
to Vigo county and built a house of 
it. It may be of interest to those 
who used to attend this church to 
know that the seats used at this 
church were first taken to old Hy- 
niera Baptist church and then to the 
Coalmont Baptist church and are 
now being used at that place. 

Mount Pleasant Cejiietery. 

The Mt. Pleasant Cemetery was 
formerly a part of Elijah Pierson's 
farm in the southwest section of No. 
1. This land was given by him as a 
location for a cemetery and a church 
The earliest grave now remembered 
was that of Ellen Buckellew, in 1850 
The names of the people buried here 
are: 

William Criss, Samuel Simons, 
Philip Fritz, Burley E. Tilley, Marie 
Tilley, David Clark and two children, 
Henry Dalton, Barnette Clark, John 
' Mahan, Peter Burk, Martha Tilley, 

two Ward children. Elizabeth Grif- 
fith and two children, Byron Mahan, 
I Katherine Hatz, Nancy Sills, William 

j Sills. John Mattox, Mary Mattox, 

I Mary Kitchell. Emery Albrooke, 

I Everett Kitchell, Herbert Mahan, 

I Wm. Lenard and one child, Samuel 

Freeze. Elizabeth Sills, Soloman Day 
i and wife, Eliza Sabin, Malinda Crist, 

i Louis Mattox and wife, Mary Miller, 

I Albert Fritz, Abigail McHaffy. Vora 

Stevens, Lola Stevens, Simpson 
I > Starke, Ellen Ford, John Ford, 
I Sarah Ford, Sarah Buckellew, Mary 

j • Pierson, Nancy Bransoil, Asa Bran- 
■ ' son, Charles Mahan, Elizabeth Bo- 
gard, Susan Sills, Mary Sills, Daniel 
Sills, David Sills, Louisa Cochran, 
Anna Cochran. Charles Cochran, 
Wallace Cochran, William H. H. 
Cochran, Wicklife Cochran. John 
Billings, Matilda Day, Charles Watts 
Ora Griffith. Marion Mackaye. Mary 
Starke, James Starke. P. Y. Buskirk 
and three children, two daughters of 
A. J. Watts, Martha E. Crist. W. P. 
Akers. Dr. J. Tichnor. Dorothulia 
Starke. Dr. O. P. Starke, Harvey 
Jones. Caroline Holbert. Eugene 
Kitchell. Jennie Kitchell, J. E. 
•Kitchell, Francis Ingram. 



The names of the soldiers buried 
here are given below: 

Philip Fritz. Burley E. Tilley. 
James Clark. William Sills. John 
Mattox. Simpson Starke, William 
Buckellew, Charles Cochran. John' 
Billings. Harvey Jones. 

Some of the oldest residents of 
the district are Mrs. James Biggs, 
Mrs. James M. Boston, Mrs. Jesse 
Boston and Mrs. Henry Pierson. 
Their biographies togetjier with 
their husbands', are given below. 

.Mr. and Mrs. James W. Bigg.s. 

James W. Biggs, the only son of 
George C. and Nancy A. Biggs, was 
born near Centerville in Vigo coun- 
ty. July 2, 1840. Mr. Biggs's father 
entered the land upon which they 
lived, having obtained a land war- 
rant from the government. The 
Patent Office at that time was located 
at Vincennes and since there were 
no railroads, he made the trip on 
horseback. On this land he con- 
structed a hewed log house of which 
a part is still standing. A year 
later the family moved to District 
No. 1. 

James Biggs was married Dec. 24, 
1862, to Martha A. Curry, daughter 
of J. P. and Margaret A. Curry. She 
was born Sept. 8. 1839 in District 
No. 2, Jackson township: They be- 
gan their married life in a very sim- 
ple and modest way, with very little 
household goods. Their first dining 
table was a walnut chest which had 
once belonged to Mr. Biggs's great- 
aunt. 

They lived for a few months just 
north of Mr. Biggs's father's farm 
but later moved to his farm where 
they lived until Feb. 19, 1913, when 
they moved to Lewis where Mr. 
Biggs died Feb. 23, 1914. 

^There were born to Mr. and Mrs. 
Biggs six children of whom three 
are still living. At present Mrs. 
Biggs Is making her home with her 
two daughters in Jasonville. 

Mr. and Mrs. James M. Boston. 

James M. Boston, son of Jesse 
Boston and Mary Boston, was born 
Sept. 17, 1848, in Spencer county, 
Kentucky. He later came to Indiana 
where he grew to manhood. He at- 
tended school at old Mt. Pleasant 



15 



School House. At the age of eigh- 
teen he was married to Buniette 
Foreman. She was born Nov. 4, 
1850 in Bullet county, Kentucky. 
She was the daughter of Mr. and 
Mrs. James Foreman and second 
daughter of eleven children. At the 
age of six she came to Indiana and, 
until her marriage, lived on a farm 
one and one half miles east of Lewis. 
Mr. Boston received from his 
father one hundred and sixty acres 
of land southeast of Lewis and it 
was here that they went to house- 
keeping. There w'ere born to them 



carried a silver modal tliat was pre- 
sented to him by the governor of 
Penns^ylvania for bravery in the 
battle of Lake F>ie under Commo- 
dore Perry. Mr. Pierson was in the 
regiment commanded by Col. Willis 
A. Carman and took part in the bat- 
tle of Amente. He was honorably 
discharged from the service in the 
latt«ir part of June, 1848 at Madison, 
Indiana. He then returned to his 
home in Jackson township and en- 
gaged in the peaceful pursuits of a 
farmer until the outbreak of the 
Civil War when he again responded 



h^v:m. 



^IS»55^ 



twelve cliUdreiL^Vlwiarer'alUllving.i^^-.tollhe 'call of his country and enlis- 
:i:JheararteTfia3£t^ H of .. the, Ef ghtr^*| 



_tre"Hm7: -John^'Ben";" Nbei;^;(iradysr:^7fifth Reglmenr'of*rffdianjri7oTinrafte^i^ 
fee^ttrirouaf :^Jesaa" "OTC/HesJ^^^^^^itj^ was led by Captainf^i; 

Boston died Sept. .16, 1902. afterwards Major William T. Craw- 

= Mr. ami Mrs. Jesse M. Boston 
- Jesse M. Boston was born in 1817 

in Worcester county, Maryland, on 

the Pokonoke river. At six years 

of age he went with his father to 

Spencer county, Kentucky, where 

he grew to manhood. In 184 2 he 

was married to M. J. Stout. Eight 

years later Mr. and Mrs. Boston 

moved to Sullivan county, Indiana. 

There were born to them two sons, 

John and James. At one time Mr. 

Boston owned four hundred acres of 

land which he divided between his 

two sons. His wife died in 1862. He 

lived with his sons until 1878 when 
tie was married to Margaret (Mc- 

Gill) Woodrow, who was the widow 

of Joseph Woodrow. Mr. Boston 

died in 1899. Mrs. Boston lived 

with her brother John McGill and 

her sister, Mary McGill until their 

death. She now lives in Lewis. 
Henry T. Pierson. 
Henry T. Pierson was born Dec. 

8, 1825, on a farm near Lewis. In- 
diana. Whe;ii he was twenty-one 

years old there was a call for volun- 
teers for the war with Mexico, and 

he enlisted in Company H of the 

Fourth Regiment of Indiana Volun- 
teers, under Captain Cochran, who 



ford of Sullivan. He went with his 
regiment in the army of the Ten- 
nessee and was in the battle of Dal- 
las. Lookout Mountain, Resaca, and 
Thompson's Station, the last of 
which was the bloodiest battle in 
which Mr. Pierson ever p:»rticipated. 
The rebel forces outnumbered the 
Union forces ten to one: the fight 
lasted four hours, when the Union 
soldiers were overcome and taken 
prisoners and placed in Libby prison. 
The rebel loss in this battle was 
fourteen hundred and there were 
eleven hundred Union soldiers taken 
prisoners. Mr. Pierson being one 
of this number. He was shot in the 
head by a minie ball during this bat- 
tle. 

He was married three times, hi& 
last wife, who survived him, being 
Sarah Emeline Bastain, daughter of 
Mr. and Mrs. Bartlett Bastain. She 
was born March 23, 1850, ten miles 
northeast of Bloomington. in Mon- 
roe county, Indiana. In 18i«l she 
was married to H. T. Pierson. Mr. 
and Mrs. Pierson lived on the Pier- 
son farm until 1907 when they 
moved to Lewis, Indiana, in District 
No. 1. It was here that Mr. Pierson 
died in October. 1913. .Mrs. Pier- 
son still lives in Lewis. 



16 



Chapter 3. District No. 2. 




District No. 2 is composed of land 
that is rather broken, with the ex- 
ception of the northeastern part 
which was formerly part of a prairie 
and is level. The people of this 
district are engaged principally in 
farming. 

The district is throught to have 
been settled about 1835. Some of 
the old settlers were James Brown, 
William Brown, Brookford Wash- 
ington, Mr. Baker, CJiesley Crist, 
Lyman Boone,, Dave Bledsoe, John 
Coplan, Benjamin B. Mahan and 
'Charles Mahan. 

The first school house in this dis- 
trict was situated on the farm now 
owned by T. D. Strawn, and at that 
time owned by. George Crist, who 
was instrumental in getting tlie first 



school building erected. The m^n 
of the district cleared the ground 
and built the rude log hou.se. The 
logs were not hewed as they were 
in later times, but were merely 
notched at the ends. The floor wtis 
not difficult to make, for it was 
nothing more than earth made leve' 
and smooth. There were no black- 
b^iards and the seats were puncheon 
with no backs. The fire was built m 
the middle of the room. The chim- 
ney was placed upon two logs whif n 
were fa.stened in each side of the 
room, high enough to allow the 
children to walk beneath them. The 
boys had to cut wood for fuel. On 
one occasion when four of the lar- 
ger boys were out cutting a tree for 
fuel they felled it in front of a hol-i 



17 



fn the side of a hill. Iminediaffjly 
after the tree had fallen a large bear 
came plunging through the trees. 
One of the boys had a pistol in hi.= 
pocket which he tried to use. When 
the bear came close he fired, in its 
face and tied with the other boys l-.; 
the school house, fearing his aim had 
not been true. That night they 
found the bear's dead body near th.' 
hole. 

There were no windows in this 
first school house but on the soulh 
side two logs had been left out in 
the building of the house and over 
this opening was placed greased 
paper. Enough light came through 
the paper to enable the pupils to see 
to study their spelling lessons. The 
branch of the C. T. H. & S. E. rail- 
road now runs near the spot where 
this building stood. There was and 
is yet a spring near the place which 
furnished the school with drinking 
water. The first teacher who taught 
here was Mr. Baker, from New York 
Besides teaching school Mr. Baker 
made felt hats. Some of the first 
students were John Brown, James 
Brown and a Mr. Briley. 

The second school house w-as built 
on what is now Mrs. Ellen Wam- 
baugh's farm. It was built very 
much like the first except it had a 
floor in it. The first teacher in this 
school house was Mr. Garven. He 
lived at that time where Gus Bur- 
•ton now lives. He later founded at 
Terre Haute what is now Brown's 
Business College. Some of the 
pupils who attended school here at 
this time were the Stocks, Bakers. 
Grists and Mahans. At these earlier 
schools the teachers were often 
locked out by the pupils until they 
promised to treat. This, however, 
was taken in good spirits by both 
the teacher and the students. Some 
other teachers who taught in this 
building were Clint Sills, Clabron 
Wood, and Miss Mahan. Miss Ma- 
han was the first woman to teach in 
this idstrict. Mr. Kenneth Self 
taught the last term that was ever 
taught in this building. It was dur- 
ing his term tliat he hired Mr. 
Samuel Flowers to make the first 
blackboard that was ever used in this 



school. It was made of poplar and 
was well soaked with oil and then 
painted. It could scarcely be marked 
upon but it was thought very good 
at that time. On Monday after Mr. 
Self had closed his term of school 
on Friday, the building burned. This 
was in 1870. 

The third school house was built 
just a little north of where Mr. Ben 
Mahan's house now stands. It was 
built by subscription and the teach- 
er was paid in the same way. It 
was only used two terms and the 
teacher of t)oth terms was Dr. L. K. 
Stock. 

The fourth school house was a 
frame building, erected in 1872, 
while Mr. James Plew was trustee. 
This building stood where the pres- 
ent school house now stands. In 
this year the first library books were 
bought, which consisted of two vol- 
umes of Civil War History. These 
books contained a record of all the 
Civil War soldiers from this state. 
This building contained a black 
board which extended the* whole 
north end of the building. A little 
later, when Squire Wallace was trus- 
tee, two unabridged dictionaries 
were placed in the library. These 
books cost fifteen dollars each. Mr. 
Self was the first teacher in this 
building. Following him was Mr. 
Samuel Hamill. who afterwards be- 
came a famous lawyer and only a 
few years ago defended John R. 
Walsh in his trial. Later there came 
George Dutton, Jabes -\5hury, Syl- 
vester Baldridge, Thomas Scott, 
Thomas Strawn, Flora Brown and 
Clabe Boston. 

In 1900 the present brick building- 
was erected. The history of . the 
school frOm that time is so well 
known that it ne?d not be recorded 
here. 

In 1883, District No. 2 se<'ured a 
post ofl^ice. It was located in the 
store managed by Mr. Alexander 
Buchanan, v.ho was also postmaster. 
There was no special mail carrier 
but any one who had occa.«ion to be 
in Farniersburg would bring back 
the mail and leave it at the store. 
Later Mr. Se'f became postmaster 
and the post ofHce was moved to his 



18 



home. His sons carried the mail to 
and from Farmersburg twice each 
week. They took care of the mail 
until the Rural Free Delivery was 
established, and received for their 
work sixty-eight dollars a year. 

Some of the men from this dis- 
trict who enlisted for service in the 
Civil War were Chesley Crist, John 
R. Mahan, John E. Smith, Jackson 
Criss, John Nelson and William Nel- 
son. These are all dead. Those yet 
living are Curtis Stewart, Chester 
Stewart. William J. Smith, John 
Baldridge and Monroe Canan. 

In 1892 Mr. William Mahan owned 
and operated the first grist mill that 
was ever in the district. It was run 
by steam power. In 1854 Mr. Ma- 
han's father owned and operated the 
first brick kiln, which supplied the 
neighborhood trade only. Brick 
was also made the following year, 
1S55, by Mr. Chesley Crist. 

It is thought that the first frame 
house of the district was James 
Brown's, built in 1855. The house 
is still standing but is no longer 
used as a dwelling. The second 
frame house was built by William 
Smith for his own use. This is still 
standing on Frank Mahan's farm. 

This district has been rather fa- 
mous for sugar camps. The first one 
operated on a large scale was owned 
by Billy Brown. The work at tbat^ 
time was done with rude imple- 
ments. There was, however, a large 
comfortable boiling shed. In this 
shed was a tank made from a very 
large beech tree. It held about 
twenty-five barrels of sap. The camp 
contained about three hundred trees 
from which they secured sap. The 
rude troughs in which they collected 
the sugar water were made from the 
trees of the forest. They had to 
have over three hundred of them, 
so it took considerable time to make 
them. These troughs did not hold 
n great deal, so when the sap was 
running well the men had to haul 
all night. They hauled the sap to 
the camp in barrels on a sled drawn 
by oxen. The sugar made here 
brought about fifteen cents a pound. 

One night some boys were out 
coon hnnt:ng and stopped at Mr. 



Brown's camp. He was just "stirr- 
ing off a batch" and the boys decid- 
ed they would wait until it became 
cool and help Mr. Brown dispose of 
some of the sugar. When it was 
cooled a little and in the form of 
taffy, Mr. Brown rolled some of it 
into a ball and threw it to the dog. 
He grabbed it and commenced to 
chew it but his teeth stuck fast. He 
stood there looking stupefied for a 
few seconds and then started for 
home. The "hunt" was over for that 
night so they stayed and "got even" 
with Mr. Brown by eating all the 
sugar they could. 

At a later period there were other 
sugar camps in this district, owned 
by Jimmie Brown, Thomas Strawn, 
and Mr. Baldridge. 

Sugar Grove Church. 

The Sugar Grove Presbyterian 
Church was organized in 1887. The 
church house was built soon after. 
The charter members were Jess Bur- 
ton^ Nancy Brown, Kate Brown. 
Ann Brown, Nancy Curry, Mrs. Mary 
Baldridge and W. S. Baldridge. 
Some later additions to the church 
were James Brown. Pearl Brown, 
Flora Brown, Lizzie Burton, John 
Halberstadt, Linnie Halberstadt, 
Calvin Brown, Nancy Brown and 
Mrs. Margaret Boston. The first 
preacher at this church was Rev. 
John Fox. Some who came later 
were the Rev. Bates, Engler. Taylor, 
Condiff. Parrott and Griffin. The 
auxiliary organizations of the church 
are the Sunday school, which is as 
old as the church; the Christian En- 
deavor, organized in 1906; and the 
Ladies Aid Society, organized in 
1914. The building was remodeled 
in 1910. 

Sugar Grove Cemetery. 

Sugar Grove Cemetery is much 
older than the church, the first 
gTave, that of a Cuppy. having been 
made in 1851. Some of the people 
buried here are Zibah Foot, M. D., 
1907. Esther Sills Phipps, 1912. 
Marj- McGill, 1907, Achsah Self, 
1900, Rosena Wambaugh. 1896, E. 
b. Wambaugh. 1896, Charlotte Ber- 
lien. 1905, Ida May Halberstadt, 
1898, Cecil Halberstadt, 1901, Sarah 
Montgomery Wood, 1892. William 



19 



McCIary. 1S4 1, Abiior Crist, 1894. 
Mary R. Brown, lH8!t, James S. 
Brown, 1887, Samuel Brown, 185!), 
Nancy Brown, 18.^2, William 11. 
Brown, 1871, Nancy A. Brown, 1880. 
Eunice Brown, 18!»6, Herman Brown 
1913, Catherine Shoemaker, 1911, 
Harrison Shoemaker. 1904, Etrie 
Shoemaker, 1888, Hazel Burton, 
1S92, John K. Brown, 1895, Susan 
Mahan, 1890. Margaret E. Brown. 
1873. Ona Mahan, 1895, Nora Ma- 
han. IS 93. Charles W. Mahan, 18 90, 
Orlando Mahan, 1884, Charles Mil- 
ler, 1905, Jacob Cuppy, 1876, James 
Russell Brunker, 1913, and Sarah 
Cuppy, 1914. 

Some of the oldest residents of the 
district are Mr. Kenneth Self, Mrs. 
John Wood, Mrs. William Scott, Mr. 
and Mrs. William Mahan, whose bi- 
ographies appear below: 
Kenneth Self. 

Mr. Kenneth Self was born in 
Montgomery county, Kentucky, Dec. 
21. 1823. His father was Presley 
Self who was born in Culpepper 
county. Virginia, in 1787, and was 
buried at Greensburg. Indiana, in 
1864 His mother was Helen Wil- 
son Self, who was also born in Vir- 
ginia in 1787. Mr. Self is the young- 
est of si.x children and the only one 
living. Mr. Self received most of his 
education in the old fashioned sub- 
scription schools but he attended an 
\academy for a short time. When he 
was seventeen years old he taught 
school for fifteen months, after 
which he attended college at what 
is now the State University. He 
then resumed his teaching and fol- 
lowed that profession until 1850. 
On July 19, 1850, he was married to 
Achsah Wood, who was born in 
. 1825, in Mason county, Kentucky. 
Previous to 1863 Mr. Self lived in 
Decatur county, but during that year 
he moved to Coles county, Illinois, 
where he continued teaching and 
farming until 1869, when he came 
to Jackson township, where he now 
resides. When he first settled in 
Sullivan county, he purchased eiglity 
acres of land and added to it until 
he had a well improved farm of one 
hundred acres but later he sold forty 
acres of it to his son. 



Tliere were born to Mr. an'l Mrs. 
Self eight children, all of whom are 
living except one child that 'l:ed at 
the age of eight inonth.s. They are 
-Samuel. Mrs. C. G. Stock. Mrs. S. B. 
Brown. Morton, Lincoln, (."laborn, 
and William. Mr. Self is a member 
of the Presbyterian church. He is 
one of the oldest men in the town- 
ship and a great friend of "Uncle 
Jim" McCanimon. 

-Mr. and Mrs. John Wtx^id. 

John Oliver Wood, son of Noah 
and Comfort Wood, was born May 
24. 1835, in Decatur county. Indi- 
ana. He moved to Illinois in 1853. 
From there he moved to Jackson 
township, Sullivan county. Indiana. 
He was a merchant while in Illinois, 
but after returning to Indiana he 
became a farmer. He was married 
to Sarah A. Montgomery. Dec. 11, 
1855. There were born to Mr. and 
Mrs. Wood seven children, three of 
whom died in infancy. The others 
are Achsah Jane, William. Ida, and 
Linnie. Mr^Wood died Jan. 9. 
ISO 2. Mrif. Wood is now seventy- 
nine years old but still in good 
health. 

-Mr. and ^lis. William .Scott. 

William Liston Scott, son of Levi 
and Mahala Liston Scott, ".vas born 
in Monroe county. Indiana. Dec. 5. 
1S34. When a child he moved with 
his parents to Vigo county. He at- 
tended school at what was known as 
the Scott school house in Linton 
township. Vigo county. On Oct. 25, 
he was married to Rebecca Thomp- 
son. She was born in Fairbanks 
township, Sullivan county, April 3o, 
IS 43, the youngest of a family of 
eight children. A few years af- 
ter their marriage Mr. and Mrs. 
Scott moved to Nemaha coTinty, Kas., 
lived there for about five years and 
then returned to Indiana. To Mr. 
and Mrs. Scott were born sev^n chil- 
dren, Thompson. Mary. Mrs. Izzie 
Barnes. Levi, deceased. John. Oscar, 
and Henry. Mr. Scott died Sept. 6. 
1h06. and was buried in Friendship 
cemetery, of which church he was a 
member. Mrs. Scott is stiil living 
with her daughter Mary, on her farm 
in district No. 2. 




20 



Mr. ami "Mrs. William Maliaii. 

William Mahaii was born in 1S43 
in Svillivan county, Indiana. His 
tathf-r moved to district No. 2 wlien 
William was a small boy. Here Mr. 
Mahan grew up and has since resid- 
ed. His occupation has been that of 
a miller and blacksmith. He oper- 



ated the first grist mill in the dis- 
trir-t in lSi)2. He established the 
first Sunday school in the district. 
He was married to Klizabeth Sills, 
who was born Sept. 2. 18415 in Vigo 
county, Indiana. There were horn 
to Mr. and Mrs. Mahan three chil- 
dren. Eveline, James, deceased and 
Charles. 



Chapter 4. District No. 3. 



I'titL^mlltrf 

36 3* 



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23 



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Some of the land of District No. 3 
is rough and some of it is prairie 
land. A branch of Busseron Creek 
flows through the northeast corner 
of the district. It comes down 
through a ravine which is about 
forty rods at the bottom. Many 
slope mines have been sunk in each 
bank of the ravine. These, however, 
are all abandoned and many of them 



caved in, and are now the home of 
some red foxes that were imported 
a few years ago. 

Some of the early settlers were- 
Mr. Albert Plew, who came here 
about 1829, and Mr. McClarey, who 
came here in 18:18. Mr. McClare> 
operated some coke ovens in the dis- 
trict. He employed several men 
who lived in log cabins along the 



21 



ravinf'. He haiilcMi the roke to 
Terre Haute and received for it 
about forty cents a ton. Some other 
settlers who canif later were Justice 
ITcck. Calhoun Ridgeway, Samuel 
Brown and Mr. Johnns. The land in 
this district was once rich but is 
now rather worn. The principal in- 
dustry of this district is farming, 
although from 1902 to 1909 it was 
mining. The mines are all closed 
at present. The farmers are look- 
ing more and more to the scientific 
side of farming and are getting re- 
sults. There are two hundred peo- 
ple in the district and some forty 
families. Mr. Dills has the largest, 
numbering an even dozen. 

The first school of this district 
was held in an old log school house 
about forty rods east of the Nye's 
t""hapel church. It still stands to- 
day in the form of an old barn. 
Some of the teachers who taught 
here were Mr. Johnns in 18G2, Mr. 
Bill Denny, Mr. Ed. Ford. Dr. Bal- 
dridge and Mr. Self. This school 
was known by the name of Califor- 
nia. In 1880 a new school house 
was built where the present house 
now stands. Mr. Ed. Ford was the 
first teacher. Some of the other 
teachers here were Sally Canan. 
Miss M. Barnes, Dr. J. H. Bennett 
and Tom Kennel. The pre.sent school 
house was built in 1905. 

The Rood Mine. 
- In 1903 Mr. G. L. Rood bought 
eiglity-five aeres of land of Mr. Al 
Forbus and sunk the Rood Mine. It 
is one-quarter of a mile northwest 
of No. 3 school house. It was the 
most prosperous mine of the three 
mines of the district but having no 
solid bottom, it was very hard to 
hold the roof, therefore there was 
great danger of its caving in. . Four 
men met death as a' result of this 
bad bottom. They were Mr. George 
Ilayworth, Mr. George Hardy, Mr. 
• Frank Grover and Mr. Frank Deane. 
The output of the mine was from 
seven to eight hundred tons per day. 
There was one hundred acres of coal 
mined from this mine. There was 
at one time one hundred and twen- 
ty-five men employed here. The 
work was machine and pick work. 



There were about twcnty-rivf mules 
u.seil here for pulling cars. Mr. (1. 
L. Rood built the little town known 
as the Rood Hhnks, consisting of 
twenty house.^ In 1907 Mr. Rood 
t^old the mine to a company from 
Chicago. These people operated the 
mine iintil 1911 when they failed. 
The men employed struck and had 
to sue for their wages. Part of these 
men were never paid. Tlie mine 
then went into the hands of a re- 
ceiver and was bought by Mr. J. R. 
Sharp and Mr. ilanden Drake of 
Farmersburg. At tlie present time 
the property is in bad condition and 
part of it has been hauled away. 
.Mr. D. Kemp of Lewis bought the 
old mule barn and moved it over 
near Lewis. Mr. Charles Sharp 
bought the old blacksmith shop and 
now has a modern barn made of it. 
The rest of the mine lies in ruin. 
.Siipeiior Mine. 

In 1903 the Brittle Creek Coal 
Company sank the Superior Mine. 
It was later called the Shirkey mine 
in honor of the Superintenctent. It 
is one and three-quarter miles east 
of Farmersburg. It is of the same' 
character as the Rood Mine. The 
corapjiuy owned five hundred acres 
of coal and ten acres of surface. It 
had an average output of five hun- 
dred tons per day. There were 
eighty acres worked out when the 
mine was closed. There were one 
hundred men and twenty mules em- 
ployed there. On the last day of 
work a Mr. Henman was killed. In 
1907 this mine passed into the hands 
of the Dering Coal Company. This 
company immediately shut the mine 
down and set a watch over it and 
everything is as it was left the day 
it shut down in 1907. This is a 
good indication that the company 
will develop this coal field in the 
future. 

(Cummins Mine. 

Mr. D. M. Cummins of Chicago, 
purcliased of David Sharp, Sr., 
twenty acres of surface land located 
in Jackson Township, District No. 3. 
three and three-quarters miles west 
of Lewis on the Sullivan aud Vigo 
County Road. .At the same time he 
purchased seventy-three at-res In 



22 



\iKo ("oiinty. In I'.KtL' lif sunk a 
iiiiiic «>ii thp twenty acres, wliic.h 
was later known as the Ciinunins 
.Mine. It was a slope mine and was 
run by steam power. The old boil- 
ers and parts of the old engines are 
still to be seen on the spot, half 
eaten with rust. This mine in its 
I)rime prodnced on the average from 
live to six hundred tons of coal per 
day, and gave employment to one 
hundred and thirty men. Mr. Cum- 
mins at one time owned two hun- 
dred acres of No. 7 coal. For the 
benefit of some of the miners he 
built a number of houses just across 
the line in Vigo County. There was 
aso a small store at this cross-road 
village. The mining here was done 
by pick and shovel. At times there 
were as many as twenty mules used 
here to pull the coal to the main 
hoisting track. Mr. Cummins sold 
this mine to the Lyons Coal Com- 
pany who operated it for a while 
and then sold it to the Monon Coal 
Company who shut it down in 1900. 
They own it at the present time. 
Nye's Chapel. 

The United Brethren Church 
known as Nye's Chapel was organ- 
ized in 1864. Tlie charter members 
were Mr. and- Mrs. Ben IJridwell, 
Mr. and Mrs. John Heck, Mr. and 
Mrs. William Johnson. Mr. and Mrs. 
Sanford Bridwell. Mr. and Mrs. John 
Carpenter. Mr. and Mrs. John Sills, 
Miss Lusettle Carpenter, Mr. and 
Mrs. Sim Carpenter, Mary Richard- 
son, Sallie Carpenter, Harry Brid- 
well, Jane Cummins and Mr. and 
Mrs. George Barcus. The first build- 
ing was made of logs and stood just 
east of the present building. The 
old log building was dedicated by 
the Rev. A. J. Neugent, the first 
minister. ,, 

Some later additions to the 
church are Mr. and Mra. James 
Bennett, Mr. and Mrs. James Shaw, 
Mr. and Mrs. Albert Shaw. Mr. and 
Mrs. Andy Richardson, George John- 
son, Mr. and Mrs. Dean Cummins, 
Sr.. Mr. and Mrs. Albert Cramer, 
Mr. and Mrs. Ephriam Williams. 
Mike Everly. Mr. and Mrs. Tune 
Everly, Mr. and Mrs. Chancey Ro- 
mine, Clara Bennett. Albert Forbes, 



Scott Engle. Sarah Curry, Theresa 
Wood, Mrs. Joseph Halberstadt, .Mr. 
and Mrs. Thomas Doty and Martin 
All. 

Some of the preachers who have 
preached here are Rev. Louis Josf- 
lin. Rev. Collins, Rev. Hearse. Rev. 
Cardwell, Rev. Easton, Rev. Shide- 
ler. Rev. Muncie, Rev. Markley, Rev. 
Fink, Rev. Buzzard. Rev. Harbert, 
Rev. Coffman, Rev. Miller, Rev. 
Thomas Walters, Rev. Ellist, Rev. 
Brandenburg, Rev. Schoonover and 
Rev. Forwood. 

In 1890 a new frame building was 
built which stands today. It was 
dedicated by Bishop Castle. The 
auxiliary associations of the church 
are the Sunday School, the Chris- 
tian Endeavor and Ladies Aid Soci- 
ety. 

The Cemetery. 

The cemtery here is not very old 
for the first grave was made in 1894 
The ground for the cemetery was 
given by Mr. Ben Bridwell. The 
first grave was that of Lucy Brid- 
well. Others who are buried here 
are: 

Nancy Halberstadt 

Geneva Risinger 

Elizabeth Everly 

Thomas Beasley 

Theodore Halberstadt 

Herman Branson 

Lottie Everly 

Raymond Bridwell 

Leo Romine 

Martha Denton 

Ruth Miller 

Martha Bennett 

John T. Halberstadt 

Elizabeth Daugherty 

Mary Flowers 
-Martha A.Uen 
*Dora Mofris 

J. E. Johnson 
^.Infant daughter of Frank Lowe 

Sarepta Cummins 

A. J. Richardson 

Samuel Romine 

William K. Pierre 

Virginia Gra«ler 

J. G. Pierce 

Lizzie M. Pierce 

John Williams 

Ben Bridwell 

Eliza Easter 



23 



Arthur l!artili;irt 

Harrison F'.arnliart 

iKuiali HoRRatt 

Floy Joseliii 

F?<'Ulali Pt'tcrsoii 

Kdwin I3('sko<Mi 

(Jt'or^e Flalbcrstadt 

xMary Hall)prsta(U 

James Sliaw 

Kliza Shaw 

Tom Bare us 

Amanda Rarcus 

F.ora rtimmins 

Robert Daughorty 

Ed Berlien 

Joe Berlien 

Lucinda Everlr 
I James Swift 

I Martha Hardinp: 

I Mary Harding 

i Sarah Swift 

: Namie Swift 

j Mary B. Swift 

James P. Hagorman 

Bill Ammerman 
I Ivy Ammerman 

Anna Peterson 

Betty L. Halberstadt 

The soldiers buried here are: 

John Pierce 
\ -Jehu Johnson 

; vAndy Richardson 

I -Joe Berlien 

I • Samuel Romine 

I Tom Halberstadt 

■ -George Halberstadt 

! Tine Halberstadt 

j Dora Halberstadt 

I ,. The following are biographies of 
I ""^ some of the oldest residents of the 
I district: 

i Mr. and Mrs, Cramer. 

i Mr. Albert Cramer was born in 

I Germany in 1835. He went to com- 
1 men schools in Germany and at the 
i age of twenty-three enlisted in the 
; army and served three years and 
i six months, for it was required that 
j all able bodied men should serve in 
; the army. Mr. Cramer was a farm- 
er when living in Germany. He ac- 
companied his father to America in 
186X. They came to Jasper County. 
Fndiana. and lived there for a num- 
ber of years. He then moved to 
Sullivan County and later to Illi- 
I nois. where he farmed for a number 
i of years. He then moved to Jack- 
son Township. He was married in 



!>■-: to M:iry Crolj.s. Hli- c:c,\ the 
same year. He ne.vt mar.'"iTd Miss 
Ai'.geline Carpenter in IS^^ She 
wa.s born in Jackson Township in 
isr.o. shH was the daughter of .Mr. 
and Mrs. Sim <'arpf■nt^^r. ^;ie went 
to school at the old log :^rl.o',\ build- 
ing just east of ih^ Nyr? Chapel 
Church. 

.Mrs. I.iisctta IS.isket-ii. 

Mrs. I..uselta Carpenr'-r --vas born 
in Owen county in lS4.'i. She is the 
youngest of a family of twelve chil- 
dren. All are dead but herself and 
two others. She came to Jackson 
Township in 1840. She was married 
in 1865 to Edward Baskeen. who 
was born in England. There were 
born to Mr. and Mrs. Bask'i-en eight 
children of whom only two are now 
living, — Mrs. James Fox o: Jackson 
Township, and Mrs. Samue! Woods 
ot Terre Haute. Mrs. Ba.~keen is 
now living with Rufus McCloney 
near No. 3 School Ho;;se. 

.Mr. and .Mrs. David Sliarp. 

David Sharp was born ir. Cumber- 
land. England, in ISol. He came 
to America in 1850 and lived at 
Evansville, Imliana, for a number of 
years. In 1S5S he moved to Farm- 
ersburg. Indiana. He leased a coal 
mine and operated it until after the 
war. He moved to Jackson Town- 
ship in 1S61, where he died in 1005. 
In 1856 he was married to Mary 
Stuart, who was born in Scotland in 
1S41. She came to America when 
she was sixteen years old. There 
were born to JTr. and Mrs. Sharp 
eight children of whom six are now 
living. Tbey are David. Ralph. 
George. Robert, Mrs. Mary Hunt- 
work and Charles. ?»Irs. Sharp is 
now living with her son Charles. 
John Heck. 

Mr. John Heck was born in Frank- 
lin County. Indiana, Oct. 1-5. 1S3!>. 
He came to Jackson Township, Dis- 
trict No. 3, in 1S50. He settled and 
pi;rchased land south of No. 3 
School House. He was married in 
IS 02. His wife was born in Greene 
County, Ohio, in 1S39. and came to 
Jackson Township in 1 >."'••. There 
were two cliiUlren in thi= family. — 
Gt-orge D. Heck and Sailie A. Heck. 
Mr. and Mrs. Heck now live south 
of No. 3 School TFotise. 



24 



^^llclpLCl J. L^l^sLlls^t 1 xw. 



1 [J7771 

, UlJiU^'"" 




District No. 4 is iu the northwest 
part of the township and taken as a 
whole, is very fertile and well adap- 
ted to agriculture. In the south 
and southeastern parts it is rough 
and broken but the rest of the land 
of the district is level. Farming is 
the principal industry of the dis- 
trict, although there is some stock 
raising on a small scale. 

The land in this district was en- 
tered about 1830. Some of the first 
settlers were Thomas Manwarring, 
.Terry Barcus, Abraham Plew, Har- 
rison Halberstadt, Benjamin Barcus, 
Washington Ridgeway, S. B. War- 
dell and Henry Wallace. In 184G 
Thomas Manwarring purchased from 
llu> government seven hundred and 
fifty acres of land lying around the 



school house in District No. 4. 
There were two hundred acres lying 
south of the building, and the rest 
on the north, east and west sides. 
The heirs to this land were Swifts. 
Halberstadts and Dotys. All of A. 
P. Asbury's land was at one time 
owned by Thomas Manwarring. The 
land now owned by W. W. Barcus 
was also owned by the same man 
and later purchased from him by 
Mr. Barcus's father, Thomas Barcus. 
4bout 1846 J. Ridgeway entered a 
large tract of land of which a part 
is now owned by Henry Ring. 

Just after the district was settled, 
a log school house was built by the 
settlers. It was situated about a 
half mile west of the present brick 
building. It was a subscription 



25 



school and provided for by the set- 
tlers who built it. One of the first 
teachers was Washington Ridgeway. 
T,je second school house was a 
frame building and was erected 
while James Plew, the son of Abra- 
-ham Plew, who entered land here in 
1830, was trustee of Jackson Town- 
ship. The school house was then 
known as the Ridgeway School 
House. S. B. Warden, a local 
preacher of the M. E. Church, was 
also one of the early teachers. Some 
who came later were Jabes Asbury, 
Jennie Manwarring, Mandy Hinkle 
Manwarring, Cora Wardell, Rebecca 
'Batey, Adam Snider, Rev. John Fur- 
ry and Madge Patton Stevens. 

Some of the oldest residents of 
the district are Mrs. Sarah Jane 
Asbury, Mr. and Mrs. A. P. Asbury 
and Mrs. Eliza Halberstadt, whose 
biographies are given below: 

Mr. and Mrs. A. P. Asbury. 

A. P. Asbury, son of Rev. George 
W. Asbury and Sarah Jane Hugh- 
banks Asbury, was born Dec. 1. 
1846, in a log cabin south of Hy- 
mera, not far from where Jackson 
Hill is now. On March 1, 1864, at 
the age of seventeen, Mr. Asbury 
enlisted for service in Company H 
of the Eighty-fifth Regiment of In- 
diana Volunteer Infantry and served 
until the close of the war. He later 
attended Ascension Seminary at Far- 
mersburg. On March 18, 1869, he 
was married to Almira Beecher, 
daughter of George and Keziah 
Beecher who originally came from 
'"^olumbus, Ohio, and settled in Vigo 
Countj, where Mrs Asbury was born 
March 1, 1849 She attended bchool 
in Vigo County and at the Ascension 
Seminary at Farmersburg. Later 
she taught Tchool at Rosedale and 
Lewis. There were born to Mr and 
Mrs Asbury ten children, all of 
whom are living, except the joung- 
pst son They are Mrs Ida Ford, 
Mrs Maud Cuinraius., Mrs E\ a Gnt- 
ton. Fred Asbuiv Mrs Bertha 



Thralls, Mrs. -Jdaxi- J.' Bron.^'ori, Ar- 
thur, Emery, Lestfr and . Raymond. 
In 1879 Mr. Asbury was licensed to 
preach in the Methodist Episcopal 
Church. He is a member of the 
G, A. R. and was elected Department 
Commander of this state in 1910. 
(Since the writing of tliis biography 
Mr. and Mrs. Asbury hav.,- mo^ed to 
Farmersburg). 

Sarali J. Asl)ury. 

Sarah Jane Asbury, wife of the 
late Rev. George W. Asbury. is at 
present living with her son. A. P. 
Asbury. She was born in Fleming 
County, Kentucky, March 14, 1826 
She is the daughter of William 
Hughbanks, who came to Jackson 
Township in 1835, and settled on the 
farm now owned by Albert Zink 
She was married in 1841, at the age 
of fifteen, to George W. Asbury, son 
of Landman Asbury. His mother 
died of cholera while they were liv- 
ing in Fleming County, Kentucky 
His father was a soldier in the war 
of 1812. Rev. and Mrs. Asbury 
went to housekeeping on the farm 
now known as the Keen Farm, east 
of Hymera. They have lived in 
Jackson Township all their "iiiarried 
life, except fourteen years during 
which time Rev. Asbury was a tra\- 
eling minister in the M. E. Church. 
There -were born to Mr. and Mrs 
.\sbury five children. — E. K. Asburj 
of Farmersburg, A. P. Asbury. Mrs 
R. M. King of Terre Haute. J. T 
and J. A. Asbury. both of Pasadena. 
California. 

Eliza J. HaH>^rstadt. 

Eliza J. Cummins Halberstadt 
was born in Jackson Township June 
2. 1847. She is the daughter of Mr 
and Mrs. John Cummins, who were 
residents of Curry Township near 
the Jackson Township line. She. was 
married Dec. 16, 1869 to E. T. Hal- 
berstadt. She has lived in Jackson 
Township all her life. She !.s the 
mother of one son, Joseph Halber- 
stadt, with whom she nou li\e=;. 



26 



Chapter 6. District No. 5. 




This district is purely an agricul- 
tural one, although there are some 
farmers who work in the mines in 
the winter and farm in the summer. 
Many of the "farmers are taking up 
scientific farming and are • receiving 
great rewards for their work. Many 
silos and fine stock barns have been 
built recently in the district. 
. The land in this district was ^- 
tered in the early part of the last; 
ceuturyl Some^ of the . earliest set- 
tlers of this district were John Lowe, 
Nathan Sills. Abraham Wen.ce, Tom- 
my Mahan,;^Billy Hughbanks and 
James McGammon.! Some of. the 
soldiers who enlisted for service in 
the Civil War from this district 
were Abe Vanderpool, ; deceased,, 
Frank Stock, deceased, Monroe Ca- 



naan, now in Soldiers' Home, Harry 
Lyons, deceased, William Harvey, 
living at present in the district, Tom 
Lyons of Sullivan, Joel Manwarring, 
deceased, and John H. Mahan. . 

The people of this district have 
never had the pleasure of having a 
church house located in the district. 
Sunday Schools were first held in the 
old school building as early as 1878. 
Dr. Givens of Lewis, is supposed to 
be one of the first superintendents 
ot*this Sunday School. This Sunday 
School was continued until 1900, 
when the Christian Members be- 
came predominant and this denom- 
ination held church here for about 
two years, when the organization 
united with the Christian Church iit 
Hymera. Neither Sunday Schools 






'^*i r« 






nor chiiroh st^rvirps hiivp 1)ppii held 
here since that time. These Sunday 
School clStises, for many years, and 
as early as 1885, held picnics in 
what was then known at Barnett'.s 
Grove, now owiipd by Mr. John Har- 
nett. 

This district has four and one- 
" fourth miles of gravel and rock 
roads, part of which were built at 
three different times. The first part 
of these roads was built in 18951 
and was graveled. This road ran 
one mile due north from No. 5 
school house, and one mile south. 
The second road was built during 
the year 1905 and was covered with 
crushed rock. This road began at a 
point one-fourth mile west and one- 
fourth mile south of the school 
house, and ran due east to the dis- 
trict line. The last addition to these 
roads was built during the year 1913 
and was also covered with rock. It 
started at a point one-fourth miles 
west from the school house and ran 
due west to the district line. 

In the old days two deer licks are 
known to have existed in the dis- 
trict. The larger of the two was 
about half a mile south of Mr. Joe 
Barnett's home. This spring is still 
in existence. On the ground just 
above the spring stood a large sugar 
tree. Many wild animals are said 
to have been killed at this spring. 
The other spring is said to have 
been located next to the creek, just 
east of the residence of Mr. Noten 
Branson. This spring was not very 
large and was not the haunt of as 
many wild animals as was the other 
spring. 

The first industrial establishment 
in this district was a saw-mill locat- 
ed on Busseron Creek, directly east 
of Mr. John Hood's farm. It was 
located here in 1855. It was owned 
by Mr. Joel Manwarring. and here 
he placed the first steam engine that 
was ever brought into Jackson town- 
ship. Later, in 1867, Mr. Manwar- 
ring and Mr. William Harvey estab- 
lished a nursery on what is now 
known as the Chestnut Grove Dairy 
Farm, owned by Mr. J. E. Hopewell. 
The principal kinds of trees whicii 
he raised here for sale were pinp 



f-ecUir. fyppf.ss and almost all kinds 
of fruit trcf.-^. lie soLI a lart;e 
amount of apple tree.s. .Mr. Harvey 
(|uit the nursery about rh*:' year 
ISTii. Three very distinct marks of 
this nursery can yet be seen today 
on that farm. There is a very large 
prove of chestnut trees, which bears 
a good (juality of nuts annually. This 
grove is about two hundred yards 
north of Mr. 'Isaac Mahan's home. 
There are also long rows of large 
pine trees, and a hedge fence which 
almost entirely surround.s the north 
and west sides of the farm. This 
nursery was discontinued after the 
year 1885. 

Mr. Frank Stock, who lived on the 
farm now owned by Mr. John Easter,, 
was the principal shoemaker in this 
district for many years. 2»Ir. Stock 
later moved to Lewis where he 
started a hardware and harness shop 

The first school house in this dis- 
trict was located about two hundred 
yards northwest of Isaac ^Mahan's 
present home. It was built of logs 
with a clap-board roof and had a 
large fireplace in one end of the 
room. This school house i^ known 
to have stood in this place about the 
year 1855 but it was later burned. 
The second school house was built 
in the center of the district in 1872^ 
and was located where the present, 
school building now stands. It was 
built by Benjamin Barcus ar.d Will- 
iam Mahan, both pioneer residents of 
the district. This house was used 
not only for school purposes but also 
for church, Sunday school, court 
room, lodge meetings, elections, 
singing schools, and all public meet- 
ings in general. In 1893 it was sold 
to Mr. W'. J. Lyons and made into a 
dwelling house, in which Edgar Ly- 
ons now lives. The teachers who 
taught in this building were Hannah 
Lovett, 1872; Anna Hinkle. 1873; 
Theodore Brewer. 1874; Jabes As- 
bury. 1875; Helen Flood, spring 
term. John Barnett, 1S76; Clara 
Sills, spring term, Kennt-th Self. 
1S77; Alice Gritton, 1S7>: W. S. 
Baldridge. 1879; and after this Mr. 
John Barnett taught here for about 
seven years. Those who came later 
wpre Mattie Scott, J. L. Scott. 



2S 



Cliarl.'s i'.anicU. Claho Sell' and II. v 
.; II. Fi;!T\, lld-coc .McAiiaily. Cr- 
;i,!(!r ('list: Cochran, iJr. Ciaiule A.-,- 
I,i,r>' and BcrL Bfiasley. Thf th.rd 
M'iuKil house built in this dislrirt 
I : ;iil ptandiuK JUid vvj'.s niado of 
l,ii k liiid built, in tile year 18'..".t oy 
.loliu Harnett, coutraclor. The tcach- 
>'i-6 wiio have taught hero are too 
well ki:o\v)i to record. 

t'o.ne who graduated from this 
district were Robert Banieit, .lessc 
Srott and Mattie Scott, in 188:5; 
Manville Lyons and Flora A. Lyons, 
in 1,S.S5; Ed,s;ar Lynns in IS 1)0; Otis 
lloggatt, Pearl Ford and Delia Hog- 
gatt. in ISy?. ; Bert Hamilton and 
1-una Wolfe, in 1SG9; Cordelia Har- 
vey in 1900; Lottie Railsback and 
Lottie Lyons, in 1901; Glenn Van- 
derpool, Leland Hamilton and Myr- 
tle Barneti, in 1903; Lydia Vander- 
|)()ol and James McCammon. in 
r.»04; Nellie Barnett, Hazel Vander- 
l)ool and Hada Bennett, in llio.", . 
i-];izabe;h Vanderpool, Lessa Rails- 
i>ack and Mrrie Barnett, in 1906; 
Connie Hamilton in 1907, and Frank 
ilood in IPOS. Some of those who 
l:avo graduated from the High 
School at Hyraera from this district 
ai-e: Xellie Barnett, in 1909; Marie 
Barnett. in 1911; Connie Hamiltonr" 
11112; Raymond Barnett, Herbert 
Harvey and Judson Stark, 1913; 
;i:ul ?.Iary Hamilton, 1914. 

Mr. iincl .>!:"s. William Harvey. 

r\Ir. William Harvey, son of Sam- 
uel and Louise Dunn Harvey, was 
born in Hamilton County, Ohio, Nov. 
4. 1S39. on Mill Creek, eight miles 
north of Cincinnati. He joined the 
Cnion Army in 1S61, in Company B 
of the 3 7th Indiana Volunteers, 
from Brookville, Indiana. He was 
in the battles of Cumberland Gap, 
Stony River. Chickaniauga. and was 
with Sherman on his march to t'je 
sea. 

}ilr. Harvey was united in marri- 
age to Mollie Knote in Brookvil!e, 
Indiana, in 1SC5. and to this union 
were born two children, Flhi and 
Kdsrar. both deceased. In lS7i» :\Ir . 
Harvey died. In 1S72 Mr. ilirvey 
married Elizabeth Matilda McCam- 
mon. and to this union were born 
seven (diildren: Lou. wife of Mr. 



W.- r.an-us. a i.rogr(^bs:ve fariurr ,',f 
;lii,- luv. hsh:;., .Minnie, d^" leas-'d ; 
(Ir.ice, de(■ea^.l.cl; Arthur, a u;i:;(.-r of 
lh;> disirict; Cordidia. vifi; of Air. 
Frank Cr:s.;, a miner of Ily.nera; 
}.liy. FdiC. niiHb;;nd of Terrr IL-re, 
ai'.d iierbi rt, wiio has been a student 
at I'urdue l'iuve;sity during the past 
year. 

Mr. Ilarvey made his fir.-t visit to 
thi.-. township iji 18G.5, when he saw 
an angry mob hang a murderer at 
Shelburn. In 18 G7 he moved his 
family here. In 1867 he entered in- 
to the nursery business with .Toel 
Man warring but quit this business 
in lS7o. He has always been a far- 
mer and is a very active G. A. R. 
worker in Sullivan County. 

.^!,^ and Mrs. Isaac .Maliaii. 
Isaac Mahan. a well known farm- 
er of this district, was born in the 
house in which he now lives, on 
Nov. 2, 184 2. He was the son of 
"hcmas and Betty Mahan. "Uncle 
^ke," £« we all know him, was the 
sixth- of twelve children: V\'illia-ii 
M., deceased: Margaret J., deceas- 
ed: Rachel, deceased; John H., de- 
ceased: Sarah P., deceased; Isaac: 
Elizabeth A., deceased; George T^. . 
decfia^d; Samue' D., deceased; Ben 
S.. of Hymera; IMariah L.. now M-^ 
Thomas Welch of Hymera. 

Uncie Ike was united in marriage 
to Emily Dayhuff, who was born in 
i-Ino.x County, Ohio, Jan. 3. 18 72, 
and this union has been blojsod by 
the birth of two sons. Carl R. f. 
and Lloyd L. Carl was for several 
years a sawyer and thresher in this 
towrsliip and later a sawyer at Zvlv-r- 
rill, Mississippi, and in Louisiana 
for about ten years, and for the last 
four or five years has been mani'ger 
of a cotton gin at Sulphur Springs. 
Texas. But owing to the bad cotton 
crop, he is now farming at *,hat 
place. Lloyd served in the Spanir.h 
American War with Col. Roosevelt's 
Ri^gh Riders. He was in the fa- 
mous charge up San Juan Hill and 
participated in the capture of Santi- 
ago 

Uncle Ike has always lived on tli,' 
farm on which he was born, 
except from 1871 to 1875, when he 
lived on the farm now owned bv Mr 



29 



(loofKc CritlDii. His lioiuc was the 
(irst I'raiiii' house Ijiiilt in tlic dis- 
trict and in all prolaability was tlie 
first in Jackson Township. It was 
l)niit about Ifsr.n. Th(- plates of this 
liouae were wliipsawed, the corner 
posts hewed, and the studdjng were 
probably sawed at the Man warring 
mill. It was built by Walter Asbu- 
ry and Uilcle Ike's father, who were 
both carpenters and cabinet makers. 
Mr. Mahan owned a blacksmith shop 
for many years. It was located just 
across the road from Uncle Ike's 
home. 

Uncle Ike told the writer that he 
once gathered about two hundred 
■ pounds of honey from one bee tree, 
but he claims not to be a hunter, 
saying that when his father's family 
wanted deer or bear meat, they al- 
ways had "Uncle Jim" McCammon 
to kill it for them, as he was a great 
hunter and a very close neighbor, as 
they thought, in those days, because 
Mr. McCaaimon lived only about one 
and one-half miles from them. 

Mr. Mahan was a cooper when 
young, but has been a farmer since 
then. He takes very much pride in 
his two large fish ponds, in which he 
has some fine fish. 

James .McCaniiuoii. 

James McCammon was born in 
Daviess County, Indiana, on the east 
fork of White River, Feb. 9, 1821. 
When he was seven years old his pa- 
rents moved to Jackson Township, 
Sullivan County, where he has since 
resided. He was the son of William 
McCammon and wife Patience, whose 
maiden name was Chestnut. He is 
the last of eight children; five girls. 
Polly, Betty, Rebecca, Sallie and 
Minerva; three boys, James, John 
and William. 

When Mr. McCammon first came 
to this township there were very 
few people living here. Their near- 
est neighbor was one-half mile away 
and the ne.xt was one and one-half 
mile.s from them. When they raised 
a lop cabin they went four miles in 
each direction in order to get enotigh 
help. The nearest doctor at that 
time was twenty miles away so that 
home-made remedies often had to 



t;ikf the place ot diictijr- sr.^scriii- 
tions 

The woods ut that tir.if- were full 
of wild animals. Th.rc 'Aire tur- 
keys, deer, wolves and [i-.iitlurs, but 
bear.- were not so |)leni::"i;i as at an 
earlier period. Tiie deer would often 
come in great numbers to the "deer- 
licks" wherti salt could be obtained. 
Here the hunters would hide and 
shoot the deer as they approached. 

Mr. McCammon was a great 
marksman and as the old pioneer in 
"Alice of Old Vincennes." if he could 
'■get a bead on his left eye" he could 
bring down a deer at every shot. He 
has acquired through the years a 
reputation as a hunter that is quite 
equal to "Hawkeye" in the "Last of 
the Mohicans." 

He tells an interesting story in 
regard to the killing oi his first 
deer. His father had cut up and 
shocked a piece of new-ground corn. 
The wild turkeys had found it and 
had eaten the corn on the outside of 
each shock. A few nights before 
Thanksgiving there was a light fall 
of snow and the next meriting the 
turkey tracks were thick every 
where. Mr. McCammon. then a 
small boy, taking his gun on his 
shoulder, told his mother that while 
she was getting breakfast he would 
go to the field and get a turkey foi-* 
Thanksgiving. At the edge of the 
field he saw deer tracks, so he went 
after the deer. Soon he saw a deer's 
head projecting from a fallen tree. 
He fired and wounded the deer by 
hitting it in the breast. He then 
hesitated, remembering that his fa- 
ther had said a wounded deer was 
dangerous to encounter. Soon a 
neighbor boy came up and together 
they went for the deer which threw 
them back as fast as they approach- 
ed, but finally they won the fight and 
had venison instead of turkey for 
Thanksgiving dinner. 

One night the young folks of the 
neighborhood were having a party. 
The fun was at its height when they 
heard a terrible scream at t;ie front 
door. Then all was quiet :!:pide the 
house for some time. Every one 
wa^ afraid to make a sound. Noth- 
ing more could be heard so after a 



30 



liiin' tlioy rcsiinit'd thi'ir ^atncs hut 
;ij;;iiii (-(.me unothor awful scream. 
Xt) one wi's brave enouK'" to go oul- 
sldt' that niRlit so the whole crowd 
: l:;yL'd ovfr night. The m-xt nioni- 
in:4 there wen; the trac.k.s of the paii- 
tlier in the snow at the doorstej). 

:»;r. McCamnion's fatlier was a tan- 
ner by trade and while in Daviess 
County ho tanned many deer hides 
that were brought to him by the 
slave holders of Kentucky who used 
them to make clothing for their 
slaves, ^^■hen Mr. McCammon was 
(inite small he was tlie proud pos- 
sessor of a pair of hunting trousers 
which were made from the tanned 
hide of a panther which his father 
had killed. 

One day while chasing a deer 
.Mr. McCammon, knowing where the 
deer would likely cross the creek, 
hid himself in a thicket in order to 
be ready to shoot as he passed. 
While waiting he heard a noise 
above him and on looking up he saw 
a huge panther ready to spring up- 
on him. He was successful in 
shooting the panther but in the 
mean time the deer had been fright- 
ened away. 

Mr. McCammon bought from the 
government eighty acres of land at 



oi:" (inilai' ar.d t wenty-fi'.c cents [lei- 
arre. This is now the home of .[(jlm 
liaruett. There were a great mai:;- 
turar-trees then and from thes< 
they made their own su^'ar and also 
so;i;e to s'dll. 

In 184o Mr. McCammon was mar- 
ried to Eliza Cuppy, who was then 
eighteen years old. They went to 
housekeeping in a little log cabin 
with home-made furniture added 
piece by piece and made by Thomas 
Mahan. a brother-in-law. A walnut 
chest 20 in. by 20 in. by 40 in. serv- 
ed for a table and cupboard until^ 
these articles could be made. An old- 
cupboard, a chest, one chair and a 
rolling pin are all that are left of 
their first housekeeping outfit. These 
?rticles have been in use seventy-' 
wo years. 

Mr. and Mrs. McCammon were 
both members of the Mt. Pleasant 
Baptist church. They were the pa- 
tents of eight children, Ella, Budd, 
JIary, Sara Frances, the twins Jose- 
phine and Jane, Hade and Delia. Of 
these only three are living. They 
are Mrs. Mary Mahan, Mrs. Jose- 
phine Pullis and Hade McCammon. 
Mr. McCammon recently celebrated 
his ninety-fourth birthday and is at 
present the oldest resident in the 
township. 



31 



Chapter 7, District No. 6. 




"' District Xo 6 IS located in tlio 
northeastern part of the to^^nbhlp 
The land in this district is rather 
broken and not well adapted to 
farming. The soil is clay and was 
once productue but a greater part 
ot it has been tiU'^d jear altei >ear 
without much fertilization so that 
it is no longer \ery productne 
IIo\\e\cr, there are a few larins tliat 
are in good condition 

In ISSf) a groat deal of the south- 
ea^t(Mn section ot the district was 
t^old tor coal to the company that 
operated the 'Alum Ca\e Mine Af- 
ter thi'i mine was abandoned a great 
tleal of tin-, land was purchased b> 
the U. S. -Powder Company which 
operates the p'ant in this district. 

Some of the tir^t stttlt^rs of thi-^ 



di-trict were Robert Richey, Martin 
Big.Ss and Buly Huchbai.ks Thej 
entered land here about 1^'io Soiiie 
of those who came later were James 
B Mahan Walter A?h'ir\ diA 11 T 
Pierson. 

Coal was lust mined m this dis- 
trict in 1S3S. about one mile south- 
oa-t of Shiloh church The lard was 
owned by Geor:;e B.ti elt Ihfre 
was little demand tor coal is those 
da\^ except for smithing, so ocu- 
sioual'y a load wd:, dj^ out ci the 
hill near the old "Ali'm Ca\e P.ock" 
and carted awaj bj oxen to Tenter- 
Mile, now known as Lewis and sohT 
to the blacksmith foi three ^fnts a 
bu^'.iel On the opposite sMe f-t the 
creek tioni the mine the coal -ra"^ on 
fire at thi^ tin>e It had I" ei, -.. t on 



liif for the purpose of destroying 
tho rattlesnakes that denned in the 
liill. These rocks were a famous 
resort for rattlesnakes, and they be- 
i;anie u great menace to the neigh- 
borhood. The men waged constant 
war upon them. In the spring while 
it was yet too cool for the snakes 
to crawl away they would crawl out 
upon the rocks in the sun to warm 
up. Then the men would often kill 
three or four hundred snakes a day. 

The mine near No. 6 school house 
now operated by Mr. Marratta, was 
first operated In 1868 by \V?ilter 
Asbury. He began digging the coal 
out of the ravine and burning it in 
a grate. It was unusual at that 
lime to use coal for a fuel. 

This district contains one road 
which is rocked. This crosses the 
district and passes Shiloh Church. 
The rest of the roads are poor and 
become almost impassable during 
the winter. 

At the beginning of the war a 
number of men enlisted from this 
district. Some of them were Jona- 
than Rehmel, Abraham Wise, Pierce 
Gorby, H. T. Pierson, John Nelson, 
Edwin Bemis, Joe McCray, Andy 
McCray, Elijah Brock, S. W. Asbury, 
Henry Bratton. Tom Crawford, Si- 
renus Rehmel and Joe Asbury. 

Prior to 1870 the children of this 
district were compelled to go to No. 
5 or No. 7 to get what education 
they received. In that year the first 
school house of the district was 
built. It was a frame structure and. 
stood a little sooth of the present 
building. Some of the first teachers 
were Peter Grant, Milton Dell, Wil- 
liam Grant, Charley Grant, Callie 
Grant and James Barcus. Some of 
those who followed were Dr. G. F. 
Plew. Jabes Asbury, Mollie Ladd and 
Melissa Chambers. 

After the mines at Alum Cave 
were opened the enrollment aver- 
aged about seventy-five and often 
reached ninety. The building was 
too small to accommodate this num- 
ber so an addition of fifteen feet in 
length was put to the building, in 
1891. A great deal of Interest was 
taken in the schools at this time and 
in 18^3 a literary club, which is dis- 



cussed elsewhere in this history, was 
organized here which gave entertain- 
ments to raise funds with which to 
buy books for the library which bad 
been started. This library increa.sed 
until it grew to be the largest one 
in the township at that time. 

Those who attended school here 
when the first school house was built 
will remember the following inci- 
dent. It was while attending school 
in the winter of 1870-71 that Henry 
Hayes, a lad fifteen years old, one 
morning before starting to school, 
proposed to try his marksmanship 
with an old muzzle loader rifle. 
When he fired the gun the breech^, 
pin was blown out of the gun into 
Henry's head. The breech-pin was 
a heavy piece of iron about the size 
of a man's thumb. There it re- 
mained four months, despite the ef- 
forts of the best surgeons of the 
country. While great quantities of 
the brain and fragments of the skull 
were removed, yet it did not prove 
fatal. After remaining there for 
four months it worked its way out 
the way it entered. After a few days 
Henry went on to school, acquired 
an education, grew to manhood, 
moved out west and made good as a 
farmer. 

This case was discussed in differ- 
ent medical journals and was con- 
sidered a unique case by medical 
men. 

In 1&59 a Methodist Church was 
organized in this district and named 
the Shiloh Methodist Episcopal 
Ckurch. Some of the charter mem- 
bers were Asa Mahan and wife, 
James B. Mahan and wife, John. 
Watson and wife, William Hugh- 
banks and wife. Pierce Gorby and 
wife and Andy Ritchey and wife. 
Th« first services were held at the 
homes of the members but soon a 
church building was erected. The 
carpenter work was done by George 
Barnett and Walter Asbury and the 
plastering by James B. Mahan. The 
same building Is yet standing but in 
1891 it was turned to face the south 
and remodeled. Some of the first 
preachers at this church were Rev. 
Green and Rev. Bowers. The church 



33 



was (ledicatP'l by fliP Rev. John 
Kiger. 

The only one of tlif charter mem- 
bers now living is Mrs. Mary Craw- 
ford, belter known as Aunt Mary 
Mahan. She with the help of a few 
faithful members has kept the 
church alive through all these years 
and to the ones who have grown up 
and gone away from this district 
their faces are a happy remembrance 
of the little church around the cor- 
ner. 
The United Stiites Powder Plant. 

In 1904 the U. S. Powder compa- 
ny, of which Mr. Job Freeman is 
president, purchased one hundred 
and sixty acres of land in Jackson 
Township, one mile northwest of 
Coalmont, and erected the first 
building of the present powder plant 
and also built a switch from the 
plant to the main line of the C, T. 
H. & S. E. Railroad, north of Coal- 
mont. The farm on which the plant 
is located was formerly known as 
the Crawford Farm. It is a good 
location for the plant because it 
furnishes both water and stone in 
abundance. The plant consists of a 
power house and several depart- 
ments of powder-making machinery. 
The first department consists of the 
soda beaters, the stock house and 
the soda charge house. The second 
department consists of the pulveriz- 
er, the brimstone and charcoal 
stock house, and composition charge 
house. In the pulverizer the char- 
coal and brimstone are pulverized 
into dust by being put into tubular 
iron barrels which rotate. 

The third department consists of 
the wheel mills where the soda, 
charcoal and brimstone are milled 
under eight or ten ton wheels which 
mi.x the above mentioned ingredients 
into powder. Water in quantity 
varying according to temperature 
and atmospheric conditions, is added 
to prevent explosions. 

The fourth department consists of 
the presses where the powder is 
pressed into cakes. 24 inches square 
by 1 1-? inches thick, by hydraul'c 
pressure from three to five thousird 
pound.s to the -ouare i'lch. according 
to the density demanded by the 



manufacturer.'^. 

The fifth (U'partment consists of 
the corning mills where tht- powder 
is cut into grains by being run 
through brass rolls which cut it into 
various sized grains. 

The sixth department consists of 
the glazes where the powder is load- 
ed into tubular barrels which rotate. 
Here it is heated by friction to the 
proper temperature to drive out 
moisture. When properly dried it 
is leaded to keep out moisture. 

The seventh department consists 
of the packing houses where the 
powder is screened and graded ac- 
cording to the size of the grains, and 
weighed in a scoop which holds 
twenty-five pounds. It is then put 
into kegs and sealed. It is now 
ready for use. It is now taken 
from the packing houses to the mag- 
azine and loaded into cars or stored 
for shipment. 

Since the opening of the plant. 
the company has purcha;"^ a num- 
ber of small tracts of adjoining land 
until the entire tract now comprises 
between six and seven hundred 
acres of land. A great many addi- 
tional buildings have been erected. 
There are in all about forty build- 
ings besides the dwelling houses 
erected for the employees, the prin- 
cipal of which is the beautiful bun- 
galow in which Mr. Sarchet. the su- 
perintendent of the plant, lives. 

The first powder was made Dec. ."., 
1&04. and o?i Dec. 9. the output i'or 
the day was four hundred forty-four 
kegs. At first thirty men were em- 
ricyed, but rcw the mill employs 
sf"erty n:e". ?.iul the output per day 
is fifteen hundred kegs of powde/. 

The materials used in the making 
of powder are charcoal, brimstone, 
and nitric soda. The soda used hero 
comes from Chile, S. A., and the sul- 
phur from Sulphur, La. 

The men employed at this plant 
belong to the organization of Unit- 
rd Powder and High Explosive 
Workers of America. LcrnI 127. 
Tliis local wr.s instituted Oct. JT. 
I'>'i4, with the following onicers: 

James Thojnpion. President. 

Richard Overby. Vice-president. 

S. M. Stewart, Secrerary. 



•34 



Tlu' oflirers at present are: 

James Thompson, President. 

J. li. Mathers, Vice-president. 

S. M. Stewart, Secretary. 

The men employed here are ihi 
best paid powder workers in the 
United States. Some of our best 
citizens are employed here. This 
plant has an excellent record. There 
have been few accidents or injuries 
since the opening of the plant, 
which is due to the vigilance of the 
superintendent and to the careful 
and trustworthy men employed hero. 
Instead of becoming a menace, cs 
some feared at first, the U. S. Pow- 
der Plant has proved a boon to our 
community. 

Alum Cave, 

It will not be long until the littie 
town of Alum Cave, which used to 
be such a flourishing mining camp, 
will no longer be remembered, for 
the place where it stood a few yearii 
back is already overgrown wit!:" 
grass and shrubbery. Nothing is 
left but one house and the old rail- 
road track and trestle. 

It was about the year 1886 that 
the New Pittsburg Coal and Coke 
Company bought the first coal land 
and built the first houses of Alum' 
Cave. This name was given to th's 
town because of an alum spri ig 
found near it. 

The first coal land bought by tue 
company was owned by Asa Mahan 
aiid Daniel Goble. These men owned 
ahcut one hundred and eighty acres 
of hilly land for which they received 
twenty-five dollars an acre for the 
coal and top. Later the compan." 
bought more land until finally it 
owned about four hundred acres^L . 

The E. & T. H. railroad built a 
switch from Farmersburg to Alum 
Ca e. This switch extended from 
Alum Cave through Miller's Switch 
:ind Bridwell's Switch to the main 
line of the E. & T. H., south of 
Far.uersburg. This line was com- 
pleted in September, 1886. Later 
this track was torn up and a new 
one built which joined a branch oC 
iho E. & T. H. about a mile and a 
tjiiarter south of Hymera. 

The building of the first shaft was 
begun in Mav, 1886. The store 



building, hotel and dwelling houses 
were soon added and the work nl" 
taking out coal was begun. Thf-j 
coal vein found here was No. 5. U 
ranged from six to eight feet in 
thickness and had an excellent roof 
of limestone. It contained the finest 
coal found in this section of the 
country. The store, which was 
known as the Company Store, to 
distinguish it from Fred Cochra.i's 
store which was situated at the enst 
end of town just across the rcid ir 
Clay County, was a large building 
and contained in stock everything 
needed by the people of the commu- 
nity,— groceries, dry goods, china, 
hardware and drug.s. It also con- 
tained the postoff.ce and the mine 
off.ce. This store was always an e.x- 
cellent market for all produce that 
the farmers had to sell. 

The dwelling houses were owned 
by the company and, like too manv 
other mining camps, they presented 
the usual dreary sameness of struc- 
ture so that the occupants distin- 
guished their houses by numbers 
rather than appearance. 

I have often wondered why the 
coal companies persist in building 
the workmens' houses all alike when 
it would cost so little to vary -Lhe 
shape of the houses and the color of 
paint. This one thing has led many 
people to feel that mine operators 
are_ rather an inhuman lot. 

Another instance that showed^ 
how little they thought of the com- 
fort of their employees was fhe 
water supply of the town. One well 
supplied practically all the people of 
the town and it was located down in 
a valley between two hills on which 
the houses were located, so that :he 
water had to be carried up a very 
steep hill. Many women of the vil- 
lage carried all the water used by 
the family and for the washing as 
well. In dry seasons when the wa- 
ter was low, some would get up as 
early as three o'clock in order to get 
v.-ater before it became muddy. Yet 
the people of this town liked their 
home and were happy. I recently 
heard one old resident of the place 
say that nowhere else would ever 
seem like home to him. 



35 



There were very few buildings 
besides the store and dwelling 
houses. The first depot was a box 
car but later a good building was 
erected. The first school house was 
a small one-room building , shaped 
like the houses. Later the town- 
ship and the Red Men's lodge jointl;' 
erected a two story building. The 
lower floor was owned by the town 
ship and contained two school rooms 
The upper story became the Red 
Men's hall. 

The coke ovens, which were ob- 
jects of interest to the surrounding 
country, were built in 1888 and 
were located on the side of the hill 
between the railroad station and the 
main part of town. They were built 
of the fire-clay brick in the shape of 
arches with openings through which 
the coal was put and had chimneys 
at the top from which the smoke 
escaped. The coal was brought from 
the mine to the ovens on a small 
track. It was then washed and put 
into the ovens. After being set on 
fire, the doors were partly closed. 
When the coal had burned until the 
smoke was no longer black, the 
ovens were shut up so that no air 
could get in. After having burned 
in this way for the required length 
of time the ovens were opened and 
cold water poured on the coke to 
cool it. This caused the coke to 
crack. The men then came with 
large hooks and lifted the coke out. 
There were about fifty of these 
ovens and when all were working, 
the output of coke was about twen- 
ty-five or thirty tons per day. 

When the mines were first started, 
picks were used, but later machines 
were used to mine the coal. The 
first wages received were very low 
in comparison with those of today. 
Many men worked ten hours a day 
for one dollar and a quarter. Later 
they received one dollar and a half 
for loading, and two dollars for ma- 
chine work. \Vhen the mine was 
at its best, it gave employment to 
about three hundred men. The 
miners were not as well organized 
then as now. The first labor organ- 
ization at that place was known as 
the Knights of Labor. Wages, how- 



ever, were not materially affected 
until in 18!t.3 when the miners of 
Alum Cave undertook to join the 
organization known as the United 
Mine Workers of America. Upon 
meeting resistance from the operat- 
ors, a strike was called by the min- 
ers and a long hard fight ensued 
between the laborers and the opera-, 
tors. Many families were destitute, 
but they did not yield. During the. 
strike, coal was shipped from the 
south to Chicago to fill the orders, 
that should have been filled by Alum 
Cave. The miners did not like this, 
so they ran some of the cars of coal, 
off on the switch and burned them.. 
The state militia was then called to. 
settle the disturbance. About three, 
hundred militiamen marched across 
country from Farmersburg to Alum. 
Cave. Although they did little to- 
ward settling the trouble, they made 
excellent headlines for the newspa- 
pers. The strike was finally settled 
by the operators granting both high- 
er wages and right to join the U. M. 
W. of A. 

Some objects of rather unusual 
interest aside from the ovens were 
the alum spring and artesian well. 
The alum spring which gave the 
town its name was a little spring 
running out from the rocks. A large 
rock overhung it. thus causing it to 
be called a cave. The spring may be 
seen yet at the base of a perpendicu- 
lar mass of rock, sending out a tiny 
stream of water, clear as crystal. 

Not a great many people nuw 
know that Alum Cave contained an 
artesian well. It was drilled to a 
depth of twenty-two hundred feet 
and the water was said to be unu- 
sually good for artesian water. 

Some of the prominent men who 
had to do with Alum Cave are C. 
Richards. C. C. Harter and J. . C. 
Seifert, all of Chicago. The first 
superintendent of the mine was Paul 
Wright and the first mine boss was 
Frank Wilkinson. The last superin- 
leident was J P. Gilmore. 

Perhaps the man who had most to 
do With the history of the place, and 
who was most loyal to the little 
town and Its inhabitants, was George 
Schtiberth. the bookkeeper for the 



36 



company and also postmaster of the 
town for a number of years. • 

In Westville, Illinois, there is one 
man, the cashier of the First Na"- 
lional Bank at that place, who often 
comes back to visit the site of this 
old mining camp. He came to Alum 
Cave one Sunday in April, 1892, 
when nineteen years old. He se- 
cured work in the mine at one dol- 
lar and a half a day. He was at the 
entrance of the "broad and easy 
road" that leads nowhere, but he did 
not take it. He moved his mother 
and sisters to the little town and 
worked for their support. He joined 
the Hub Reeding Society, at No. 6 
and borrowed books which he read 
ia the mines between cars. At one 
time he committed the Declaration 
cf Independence by the light of his 
bank lamp. No honest effort is 
ever e^ipended in vain, as was 
proved in his case. He has made 
good in the business world and has 
i_ot dishonored the man for whom 
he was named. This man is Abra- 
1 am Lincoln Somers, of Westville, 
Illinois. 

In 1894, Mr. William Johnson, a 
young man without money, friends 
or experience as a miner, secured 
work in what was known as Slope 
Mine No. 2. He read a great deal, 
had a good memory, and was a close 
observer of what was going on. He 
became interested in mines and min- 
ing. He took up the labor problem 
and was victimized in Sullivan coun- 
ty on account of bis activity in the 
U. M. W. of A. He afterwards went 
to Westville, Illinois, where he. with 
Mr. Somers, took up a correspond- 
ence course in mines and mining. 
He is now General Manager of the 
Saline County Coal Company of Chi- 
cago, Illinois. He says that it was 
at Alum Cave that he decided to be 
something more than a hobo. 

Work was discontinued at Alum 
Cave mine in 1903 and the houses 
moved away. Alum Cave is no long- 
er found upon the map and will soon 
have disappeared from the memory 
as well, for the place that used to be 
so full of life is now field and forest. 

Some old residents of this district 
are Mrs. Mary Crawford, Mrs. Fanny 



Strahle, Mrs. John Nelson and Mr. 
and Mrs. Milton Dell, whose biog- 
raphies are given below: 

.Mr. and .Mrs. .John N'el^^oii. 

John Nelson was born in Vermil- 
lion County, Illinois. Sept. 19, 18:5!). 
He came to Jackson Township in the 
early fifties. He served in the Civil 
War in Company F of the 31st Indi- 
ana Volunteers. While with Sher- 
man on his march to the sea he re^ 
ceived a gunshot wound in the cheek 
in a battle near Kenesaw Mountain, 
on June 17, 1864. He was married 
three times and was the father of 
nine children, five of whom are liv- 
ing. They are William, Mrs. Laioy- 
ette Brock, Thomas, Harry and Guy. 
The last two mentioned are the sons 
of his last wife, Mahalia Furry, who 
was born Jan. 15, 1859. Mr. Nelson 
was a member of the G. A. R. and 
of the Masonic Ledge at Lewis. Mr. 
end Mrs. Nelson were both members 
of the Shiloh M. E. Church. Mr=. 
Nelson is at present living with her 
son Guy, on the home place. 

Mr. and Mrs. >yiton C. Dell. 

Mr. Milton Dell, the eldest son of 
Thomas and Jane Waller Dell, v.as 
born Jan. 1, 1839 in Harrison Coun- 
ty, Ohio. He later came to Cay 
County, Indiana. While in Ohio he 
became a teacher and after comii.'g 
to Indiana he taught for eight years. 
In May, 1864, he enlisted for serv- 
ice in the Civil War in Company F 
of the Sixty-first Regiment of Ohio 
Volunteer Infantry, served four 
months and was discharged. He lat- 
er re-enlisted in Company F of the 
Thirteenth Indiana Volunteer Infan- 
try and was discharged in July. 
1865, having while at Raleigh, 
North Carolina, contracted catarrh 
from which he has never fully re- 
covered. On April 20, 1873, he mar- 
ried Kate A. James of Jackson 
Township. There were born to Mr. 
End Mrs. Dell four children. They 
are Carrie, Mollie, deceased, Mattie 
and Maude. Mr. and Mrs. Dell are 
moTibers of the Methodist Church at 
Shiloh. 

.Mrs. Mary Crawford. 

Aunt Mary was born in Mason 
County, Kentucky, in 1828, and 
Eioved to Jackson Township when 



37 



she was nine years old. Her father 
first settled and lived on the farm 
east of Hymera now owned by John 
Keen. She has lived in Jacltson 
Township practically all her life and 
has seen it change from a forest of 
heavy timber abounding with wild 
game to the Jackson Township of 
1915. At that time there were no 
churches in the township and but 
one school house. This was made 
of logs and stood on the ground) 
near where Hymera Methodist 
church now stands. She remembers 
the building of the old log church 
where she became a member at jthe 
age of thirteen. In 184 6 she was 
married to James B. Mahan and soon 
moved to the farm where she now 
lives with her son, Samuel G. Mahan, 
near Shiloh Church. 

She Is the mother of six children. 
Telightha, Alice, Laura, Josephine 
Samuel and Althea. Of these only 



Samuel Mahan, Mrs. Josephine Lis- 
ton and Mrs. Alice Husband arv» liv- 
ing. 

Mrs. h'aiiny Strahle. 
Mrs. F'anny Strahle was born 
April 9, 1835 in Somerset county. 
Pa. She was the oldest of a family 
of twelve children. At the age of 
twelve years her parents moved to 
Holmes county, Ohio. In 1S52 she 
was married to John George Strahle, 
who had come to this country from 
Germany six years before. Thirteen 
years later they moved to Owen 
county, Indiana, where her husband 
bought a farm. In the year 1870, 
her husband's death came as a ter- 
rible blow, he having been killed by 
damps in a well in which he was 
^yorking, leaving his widow with 
nine children. Four years later she 
moved with her family to Jackson 
township and has since that time re- 
sided in District No. 6. 



Chapter 8. District No. 7 









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District No. 7 is composed princi- 
pally of rolling land well adapated 
to farming, which is the principal in- 
dustry of the district. It contains 
some well-kept farms and the peo- 
ple of the district as a whole are in- 
terested in the improved methods of 
farming and stock-raising. Most of 
the land of this district has been un- 
der cultivation for many years. It is 
not definitely known when the first 
settlers came to this district but 
there are records of land entries in 
the early thirties. Michael Zlnk and 
Charles Nicholson, two of the tlrst 
settlers, entered land here about 
1837. Some other old residents 
were John Nicholson, Deniel Stinnet, 
John Moore, John Tennis, and Chris- 
tian Neff. The life in this district 



was very much as it was in other 
communities, a life of hardships and 
privation, intermingled with much 
joy. One reminder of the old days 
was left until a few years ago. That 
was a large tract of timber land 
known as the "Hickory Flats." This 
tract of land contained three hundred 
and twenty acres and was covered 
with fine trees, most of which were 
hickory. It was never fenced while 
in forest and roads- were made 
through it for the convenience of the 
people of the neighborhood. It was 
always a famous picnic ground. Many 
people of the neighborhood have en- 
joyed picnics in this woods in the 
summer and gathering nuts here' in 
the fall. Mr. Will Abbott bought 
thi? land and in 1900 engaged Carl 



Mahan and John Plew to place their 
saw-mill here and saw this timber 
for him. This mill ran continuously 
for almost three years in citting 
away the timber. A great deal of 
this timber was sawed into heavy 
timbers which were used by the 
mines of the neighborhood. After 
the timber was removed the land was 
sold to the Gilbert Brothers, Harve 
Patton and Purty Pullis. It has 
been tiled and is now some of the 
best farming land of the community. 

Some of the soldiers from this 
district who served in the Civil War 
were Josiah Worth, Joel Barcus, 
and Samuel Nicholson. 

The first school house in this dis- 
trict was built about 1854, one-half 
mile north of the present site, an.1 
was on the northwest corner of the 
place now owned by Mrs. Nancy 
Ladd. It was known as the Stin- 
net School House and was a rude log 
building with split logs for seats. 
There were no desks and whenever 
anyone had any writing to do he 
was obliged to go to the front of 
the room and write on a piece of a 
split log, held in place by wooden 
legs. This school house had glass 
windows, and a stove was placed in 
the middle of the room. At that 
time the length of the term of school 
was only" three months. The first 
teacher was James B. Mahan, the 
■.father of Samuel G. Mahan. The 
first pupils were Arittah Stinnet, 
Harriet Stinnet, Jim Stinnet, Dan 
Stinnet, Asa Stinnet, Samuel Nichol- 
son, Theodore Mahan, Jeremiah 
Mahan, Samuel G. Mahan, Catherino 
Grant, Lizzie Grant, Anna Grant. 
Willie Grant, Charley Grant, Chaun- 
cey McDaniel, Elmira McDaniel, 
Silas Maples, John Tennis, William 
Tennis, Wesley Tennis, Oliver Ten- 
nis, Elizabeth Hughbanks, Mary 
Hughbanks, Matilda Hughbanks, 
Mary Bowman, Willie Bowman, John 
Bowman. The Stinnets were consid- 
ered excellent spellers, for they 
could spell every word in the old ele- 
mentary spelling book. At this time 
No. 7 school was the best school in 
spelling in the township. 

The next teacher was Mary Jane 
Asbury, who taught a subscription 



school. One dollar and fifty cents 
was charged for each pupil. The 
next teacher was a Mr. Armsby. The 
log school house steed until about 
18 70 when it was abandoned and a 
frame school house was built in the 
center of the district by contribu- 
tions. Some of the logs of that old 
school house may still be found in 
the walls of an old house standing 
on the place now owned by Allen 
Gouckenous about a mile east of 
where the old school house stood. 

The frame school house stood un 
til about 1900 when a new br'.v*k 
school house was built. This build- 
ing stood until the fall of 1912, 
when it was all burned except the 
walls and foundation. The way in 
which the school house caught fire 
was never learned. The pupils were 
then hauled in a school wagon to 
Hymera where a vacant room in the 
new high school building was pre- 
pared for them. All of the grades 
were taught in the same way as be- 
fore. The following fall the* present 
frame building was built. This 
school is now known as the Ladd 
school. 

The K. of P. Cemetery. 

The K. of P. Cemetery was. pur- 
chased by the K. of P. lodge of Hy- 
mera from Sam 'Nicholson in 1907 
for six hundred dollars. It contains 
six acres, and is divided into four 
equal blocks, A. B, C. and D, by 
gravel roads. In the center of this 
cemetery there is a circle twelve 
feet in diameter, which was laid off 
in which to erect a monument. 

Those buried in this cemetery in 
1908 were George Gouckenour, the 
first to be buried in the cemetery. 
Bill H. Mahan. Ross Bickel. George 
Peyton, and Ona Gheagon. 

Those buried here in 1909 were 
Mrs. Tom Gibson, Mrs. Otto Mahan, 
Mrs. Ona Gheagon, Mayford Gage. 
Alvie Pruitt. Lula Turner, John Jul- 
ian, and a child of Cliff Buell, a 
child of Harve Patton and a child of 
Mrs. Lottie Cummins. 

Those buried here in 1910 were 
Orville Highsmith, Thomas David- 
son, Twins of Cliff Buel. a child of 
Bill Shepherd. Mrs. Betty Nelson. 
Mr. Solomon Parsons. Mr. Sam Stan- 



40 



ton, Mr. David Shepherd, a child of 
Harry Kappler, Mr. F. M. Wierks. 
Mattie Kline, Gilbert Barber, Mrs. 
Pearl Priest and Oern Stringfleld. 

Those buried here in 1911 were 
Miss Cora Julian, Mrs. Julian, 
(moved from old cemetery), Mrs. 
Rosa Reberger, Luoa Starks, Will- 
iam Rust, James Parson, a child of 
John Smith, Louis Steele, Walter 
Gordon and William Eppert. 

Those buried in 1912 were Jack 
Humphreys, John Patterson, OUie 
Shepherd, Mrs. George Wilson, Mrs. 
Harve Patton, ,Mrs. Dean Cummins, ^ 
Harry Vanarsdall, Sol Furry, Louise 
Kinsman, Mrs. Lee Morris and Bill 
Hamilton. 

Those buried In 1913 were Chas. 
Allen, Judith Nelson, John William 
Carpenter, a child of John Berais, 
Mary Clark, Thelma Shipley, Mrs. 
George Kemmur, Bill Ralston, a 
child of Bill Moore, John- McMillen, 
and William McGrew. 

Those buried in 1914 were Chas. 
Cooper, William Shaw, Lucy Dix, 
Martha Keene, Tom Faulds, Sr., 
Marion Beckett, a child of Charley 
Coker, Claude Vanarsdall and Bush 
Simpson. 

The oldest residents of the district 
are Mrs. Ladd, Mr. Majors, Mrs. 
Tennis, Mrs. Worth and Mr. and 
Mrs. Barcus, whose biographies are 
given below. 

Mr. and Mrs. William T. Ladd. 

William T. Ladd was born in Ken- 
tucky in 1836 and moved to Jack- 
son County, Indiana, a few years 
later. After residing here for a 
few years he moved to Illinois. From 
there he moved to Jackson township, 
Sullivan County, Indiana, and lo- 
cated on a farm where Dunnville 
now stands on which place he grew 
to manhood. On March 13, 1863 
he married Nancy Delaney Plew and 
moved to the farm where Mrs. Ladd 
now lives. Mrs. Ladd was the grand- 
daughter of Albert Plew, who was 
one of the very first settlers of Jack- 
son township. He was a native of 
Kentucky and served in the Revo- 
lutionary War. He located about 
one mile south of No. 3 school 
house, where he died in 1850 at the 
age of ntnety-four years. David 



and Abraham of Jackson township 
and George of Greene county were 
his sons. In 1830 his son Abraham 
entered quite a tract of land in dis- 
trict No. 3 where he lived until his 
death in 1875. His wife's maiien 
name was Carithers. The children 
of this family were Christopher who 
died in early manhood, John Wesley, 
William Pearson, James Abrahan, 
and Nancy Delaney. who later be- 
lives with her son, R. L. Ladd on 
lives with her son, R. L. Ladd ; 
the farm to which he came fifty r.'vo 
years ago. 

John M. Majors. 

John M. Majors was born in 
White county, Illinois, February 1. 
1832. He was the son of Wright 
and Atha Rachel Duncan Majors. He 
moved to Clay county, Indiana and 
lived many years. Later he moved 
to Illinois but in 1907 he moved to 
Jackson township where he now 
lives. He enlisted for service in the 
Civil War as a private in Company 
B, of the 149th Regiment of Indiana 
Volunteers. - On February 11, 1855 
he was married to Nancy M. Smith, 
now deceased. She was born Sept. 
28, 1837. To Mr. and Mrs. Majors 
were born five children; Mrs. Em- 
meline Inman, Rebecca, Thomas of 
Clay county, Mrs. Mahala Shepherd 
Tipton, and Mrs. Desaie May Bough, 
with whom Mr. Majors is now living. 
Mary Tennis Worth. 

Mary Tennis was born in Colum- 
biana county, Ohio, October 9, 
1835. She was the daughter of 
John and Nancy Rose Tennis, both 
of whom were born in the same 
county. In 1853 her father came to 
Sullivan county and settled on the 
farm where Mrs. Worth now resides. 
Her father died in 1873 and her 
mother in 1888. Mary Tennis mar- 
ried Josiah Worth, who was born in 
Tuscarawas county, Ohio, In 1830. 
Mr. Worth entered the 85th Indiana 
Regiment in 1862. He died at 
Lexington from sickness contracted 
in the army. Four children were 
born to Mr. and Mrs. Worth; James, 
living southeast of Hymera; John, 
deceased; Mrs. Joseph Gordon of 
Clay County and Anna, deceased 
wife of John B. Nicholson of Jack- 



41 



son township. Mrs. Worth now re- 
sides with her son James. 

Mr. and Mrs. Joel M. IJarcus. 
Joei M. Barcus, son of Jeremiah 
and Anna Manwarring Barcus, was 
born in the northern part of Jack- 
son township, October 28, 1842. He 
was a farmer and carpenter as long 
as he was able to follow these occu- 
pations. Mr. Barcus enlisted in the 
service of the Union Army In 1861, 
in Company F, of the 31st Regiment 
of Indiana Volunteers. He was un- 
der Generals Rosecrans and Thom- 
as, Col. Charles Cruft, and Captain 
John T. Smith. He participated in 
the battles of Shlloh. Stone River, 
Missionary Ridge, Nashville, and 
Chicamauga and was with Sherman 
In his march to the sea. He was 
married March 27, 1866 to Cynthia 
McCammon. To this union were 
born the following: Mrs. Wallace 
Reed of Shelburn, Mrs. James Bur- 
ress of near Hymera, Bert Barcus of 
VIncennes, Mrs. John May of Jason- 
ville, John Barcus of near Hymera, 



George Barcus, now in the Pliilip- 
pine Islands, and Mrs. Lily Burreaa, 
deceased. 

Diana Worth Tennis. 

Diana Worth, the daughter of 
James and Elizabeth Romig Worth, 
was born in Tuscarawas county, 
Ohio. The Worth family came to 
Sullivan county in 1858 and located 
on a farm In Cass township. Diana 
was married to John Tennis, Oct. 
11, 1863. Mr. Tennis, the son of 
John J. and Nancy Rose Tennis, was 
born April 28, 1842 and died Dec. 
17, 1899. To Mr. and Mrs. Tennis 
were born nine children: James 
William, deceased; Charles Martin, 
a farmer in South Dakota: Mary 
Elizabeth, deceased; Jacob Henry, 
who lives with his mother; John 
Harrison, a farmer of Greene coun- 
ty, Martha Ann Mattox, of near 
Coalmont, Mrs. Ida Jane Brewer of 
Northwestern Canada; Alfred Alon- 
zo. of near Jasonville and Roscoe 
Scott of near Hvmera. 



42 



JACKSOX TOWNSHII* DISTRKT TKACHKHS. 





^^^^mHiHMSIiu!fmnM^SB^w!^MS^ijl!'~ 


jr p^pi^^ 





From left to right, top row — Mary Scott, district No. 2, A. C. Parsons, 
district No. 10. Sadie Oilman, district No. 4. Second row — Marie Bar- 
nett, district No. 5, Edna Brunker, district No. 3, Lessa Railsback, dis- 
trict No. 6, Tina Furry, district No. 10. Third row — Garland Eaton, dis- 
trict No. 7, Mary Hammond, district No. 1, Everett Dumond, district No. 
11, Nora Mahan, district No. 9, Jesse Boston, district No. 3. 



HYMERA GRADE TEACHERS. 



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From left to right, top row — Myrtle Maratta, third grade, Margaret 
McGrew, fourth grade. Fay Beckett. si.\th grade. Ruth Parsons, first 
grade. Middle row — Vilas Asbury. fifth grade. Gladys Zink. second 
grade, Lena VanArsdall, fifth grade, Sallle VanArsdall, second and third 
grades. Lower row — Vina Syster. seventh grade. Eurnie Stutsman, first 
grade, Naomi Laue, supervisor of music. C. C. Bosstick, principal, eighth 
grade, Ruth Nead, first grade. 

43 



Chapter 9. District No. 8 and Hymera 



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To^n or 

Hjmera, 



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' District ^5*0. 8 is in the south cen- 
tral part^of the township and con- 
tains the town of Hymera. With the 
exception of the northwest section 
of the district, the land is rather 
broken. Farming was the principal 
industry in the pioneer days, but 
for many year the mining industry 
has cpmpletely overshadowed it. 
The majority of the men of district 
No. 8 and the town of Hymera are 
miners. The mining interests of the 
district will be discussed later. 

Hymera, the principal town of 
Jackson township, was not platted 
as a townsite until about 1870, but 
as early as 1830 there were a few 
pioneer settlers here. William Pitt 
was the first to enter land here. The 
other early settlers were Martin 



Hale, Nathan Hinkle, Jerry Mahan, 
John Badders. Reason Beckett, 
Michael Zink, Hosea Payne. John 
McCammon, Henry Barnhart. and 
Thomas Shepherd. Later there 
came Jack Beckett, Bob Linn, EVr." 
Williams, Dr. Hiatt, William J. 
Beckett and the Larr Brothers. Wm- 
Pitt w^as the owner of the land on 
which Hymera was built. He had 
bought It from the government at 
one dollar and a quarter an acre. 
When Nathan Hinkle platted the 
site the name Pittsburg was selected 
in honor of the local resident and 
was perhaps suggested by the great 
coal center of Pennsylvania. 

The first houses built were log 
houses consisting of two or three 
rooms and a wide open fireplace. 



44 



The houses of William Pitt and Mar- 
tin Hale were probably the very 
first houses built. Mr. Pitt's being 
situated where Nathan Hinkle now 
lives and Mr. Hale's on the present 
site of the PuUis property. Later 
Bob Linn built a house on the site 
of Gilbert Beckett's residence. Dr. 
Williams lived near Scott's hard- 
ware store, Dora Perry where Otis 
Turner now lives and Wash and Jar- 
ret Larr's houses stood on the east 
side of Oilman's hardware sf re. Dr. 
Plew's and Dr. Thralls' houses which 
were built later, were situated at 
their present site in the west part 
of town and Squire Starks was near 
the postoftice. Mary J. Beckett lived 
at her present location, and Nathan 
Hinkle near the Barnhart hotel. 

It was not until the coming of the 
Laur Brothers and Bob Linn in 
1859 that Pittsburg showed any 
signs of activity in business affairs. 
Bob Linn established a general store 
on the site where Henry Julian's 
store now stands and the Laur Broth- 
ers established a saw-mill just back 
of the present opera house. U was 
probably but a few years later when 
other business houses were put up. 
A grocery store owned by Milton 
Stark was situated on the site of the 
present postofEce. The first drug 
store was owned by Tom Scott and 
stood a little north of where Gilbert 
Beckett now lives. The first furni 
ture store was established by Chas. 
Barnhart, west of Mr. Gilman's hard- 
ware store. Jim Barnett owned tne 
first hardware store and Frank Zim- 
merman the first meat market in 
1888, and later Burr Watson estab- 
lished another. W. H. Cooper owned 
the first feed store. The first black- 
smiths were George W. Ring, Joe 
Asbury, and Dora Perry. Joe As- 
bury owned a blacksmith shop in 
1870, situated where Turner'.s barn 
now stands. 

As early as 1829 a grist mill is 
said to have been erected southeast 
of town on Busseron creek. At a 
later date a water and sa v-niill 
owned by Jerry Mahan was located 
west of town near where Bud Card 
now lives. Although these mills 
were not in town the people of Pitts- 



burg probably received greater bene- 
fit from them than anyone else. The 
first mill of Hymera was a grist mill 
erected by Ira and Wasii Larr in 
1867. In 1882 Mr. P. Stutsman 
erected a Hour mill where the bank 
now stands. 

The mail was first brought fri>ni 
Cass, but later a grocery store arid 
postoffice combined was estab'i.-hed 
north of town where Ish Barnes nov.- 
lives. John Badders was the first 
postmaster and gave the postiifice 
the name of Hymera. Two other 
early postmasters were Mr. Fo.Kv.or- 
thy and Bob Linn. 

In 1870 the name of the town 
was changed from Pittsburg to Hy- 
mera. The reason for changiui? was 
that the name of the town might cor- 
respond with the name of the post- 
office. Then too, a coal miae had 
been opened at Alum Cace and Al- 
um Cave as a new town took the 
name of New Pittsburg. Thereafter 
Pittsburg was called Old Pittsburg. 
The result was a great deal of con- 
fusion concerning the mail and other 
matters pertaining to the two towns. 
Therefore, in April of that year, a 
petition from nearly all the voters 
was laid before the county commis- 
sioners, asking that the name of the 
town as recorded on the plat should 
be changed to Hymera, which wa.^ 
done. 

In 1880, according to a census 
taken by Sam Nicholson, the popu- 
lation of Hymera was thirty-four, 
but at the present time it is esti- 
mated at two thousand. 

Dr. "Williams was the first doctor 
to locate here. Later other doctors 
came. Dr. Hill -located northwest o' 
^ town on the Beasley homestead. D'\ 
Hiatt occupied Dr. Plew's resideace 
and Dr. Baldridge where Henry P.it- 
tgn now lives. The doctors who pric- 
ticed here at a still later date -vaiu 
Dr. Marshall, Dr. Caffey, Dr. Plew 
and Dr. Thralls. 

At a very early date a coal mi.io 
owned by H. W. and Harvey Wilson 
was sunk west of the town. This was 
one of the first mines of the county. 
The coal was used chiefly by the 
blacksmiths and was hauled in 
wagons to all parts of the county. 



45 



Coal opprationH, however, be^jui u[i- 
oii a more extensive scale in ISTO^ 
and since that time coal mining has 
been the chief industry of the town 
and township. 

The town was first incorporated in 
1902. The land platted extended 
three-fourths of a mile in each di- 
rection. The principal streets weie 
Main, Jackson, Vine, State, Wright, 
and Beckett. The beginning of the 
construction of the sidewalks was 
commenced in 1904. 

The present system of lighting the 
streets was installed in 1910, the 
franchise for the same having been 
granted to H. L. Hiatt for twenty- 
five years. The power for lighting 
is derived from the electric light 
plant at Jasonville. 

The first shoe cobblers of Hyraera 
were John Spear and Hosea Payne 
They each worked at home. In 
1882 Mr. John Osborne built the 
first shoe shop. The first millineiy 
store was owned by Ella Manwarring 
and was located where the Odd Fel- 
lows Building now stands. The 
first jewelry store was established 
in 1893 by James Nicholson. Tho 
first newspaper of Hymera was the 
"Hymera Gazette" edited by Jce V. 
Entwhistle from 1899 to 1904. Vred 
Finney then edited the 'Hymera 
Herald" until 1909. Several other 
attempts have been made to furnish 
Hymera with a nev.sp;i.pi'r, Imt all 
havt> failetl. 

V The Hymera Bank was established 
with a capital of fifteen thousand 
dollars in December, 1903, by S. M. 
Patton and R. L. Ladd. It was made 
a state bank in January, 190 6 with 
Mr. Ladd as president and Mr. Pat- 
ton as cashier. 

Hj-inera Schools. 

The first school house in Hymera 
was a log house located where Chas. 
Barnhart's Hotel now stands. One 
of the teachers at this building waS 
Harvey Wilson. 

The second school house stood 
where the M. E. church now stands. 
It was built about 1840. It was also 
a log house, similar to all the log 
school houses which have been de- 
scribed. Some of the teachers at 
this building were James B. Mahan. 



John Wilson and Kev. Joseph Asbiiry 
Some of the people who attended 
school here were Susan Beck':-it and 
-Martha Hinkle. 

The third school house was locat- 
ed on the hill opposite Chas Be|i- 
nett's home, north of Hymera. It 
was built about 1850 and was known 
as the Township House. Some of 
the pupils who attended school here 
were Albert Zink. F. M. Nead, Thos. 
Hughes, and Catherine Nead. and 
some of the teachers were Caroline 
Mahan, Henrj- Hopewell. Mary Jane 
Butler, Clay Woods, Kenneth Self, 
Charles Finney, Bill Denney. Mary 
Beckett, and L'izzie Beckett Heaven- 
ridge. 

The fourth school house in this 
district stood on the ground r.ow oc- 
cupied by Charlfs Rusher's ^ome. 
It was built in 1875 wtile James 
Blew wrs trustee. It was a frario 
building. Some of the pupils who 
attended this school were Cora~Bar- 
nett, Allie Payne, Sarah Sink. Jesse 
Scott, Bettie Tichenor, Mary Scott 
and John Furry. The first. teacher 
in this building was Mrs. Joe Asbury. 
Some other teachers were John Bar- 
nett. J. S. Barcus, T. D. Strawn. and 
Alice Payne. In 18 88 a second room 
was added to this building. Some of 
the teachers here were Cora Barnett, 
F. M. Nead. R. C. King, Maggie Mc- 
Grew. and Charles Lloyd. The pu- 
pils who attended schol here are 
well known residents of Hymera 
and vicinity. Later two roonis were 
not large enough to accommodate 
the students and another room was 
rented in town. 

In 1895 a brick building was erec- 
ted which now forms part of the 
grade building. It contained four 
school rooms and a large hall on the 
third floor. The first teachers at 
this building were J. L. Berlingmier, 
Cora Case, Margaret McGrew and 
Mrs. Stella Botts Woodrow. It 
was in this year that the first 
year of high school work was 
added. The town soon grew un- 
til the hall on the third floor 
had to be converted into school 
rooms. It was not long, however, 
until these rooms were overcrowded. 
In 1905 an addition of four rooms 



46 



\va8 built to the six room building,* 
and a heating plant installed in the 
building. The town continued to 
grow rapidly and it was not long un- 
til it became necessary to seek other 
quarters for the high school. In 
1911 the work on the present high 
school was commenced. It was com- 
pleted in the summer of 1912, at a 
cost of twenty-four thousand dollars. 
It is a beautiful building and mod- 
ern in every particular. It was dedi- 
cated August 13, 1912, the dedica- 
tory address being made by State 
Superintendent, Charles A. Great- 
house. School opened in the new 
building in September, 1912. The 
high school teachers were \V. L. 
Connor, Mrs. C. 0. Self. Myrtle Bar- 
nett, R. W. Kent, and Maude Smith. 

The first high school commence- 
ment in Jackson township was held 
in 1909. The graduates were A. C. 
Parsons, Faye Beckett, Eurnie Stuts- 
man, Lena Vanarsdall and Ella Mc- 
Carty. 

The Hymera High School was 
first commissioned in 1910. At pres- 
ent there are six teachers in the high 
school and twelve in the grades. 
There are ninety-eight students en- 
rolled in the high school and about, 
five hundred in the grades. 

Tlie Hymera Baptist Church. 

The Hymera Baptist Church was 
organized at District No. 7 School 
House in 1881 by the Rev. G. W. 
Terry. The charter members were: 
George Gouckenour, Emeline Gouck- 
enour, Martha A. Gouckenour, Allen 
Gouckenour, Anna Gouckenour, Julia 
A. Craft, Robert Alumbaugh, Elvtna 
Alumbaugh, Olive M. Craig and Sa- 
rah Anderson Hoggett. 

The first building was built in 
1884 on the northeast corner of 
Noah Ring's farm. It was moved to 
Hymera and reconstructed in 1900. 
This new building was dedicated 
Sept. 1, 190L The dedication ser- 
mon was preached by Rev. Albert 
Ogle, Superintendent of State Mis- 
sions. One Association was held at 
the old church in 1888 and another 
in 1904, after the building had been 
moved to Hymera. 

Those who have been ministers of 
this church are: J. M. Turner. Al 



Hannah. II. C. Listen, C. B. Allen.' 
Joe Ellis. Joe EllLs Spears, J. 11. Fm- 
son, D. P. Liston, \V. A. Fiison, 
George Fuson, James Saunders. T. 
N. Fuson. J. R. Hinman, J. I>. Sher- 
rill. D. C. Carnahan and Henry Hap- 
pel. 

The present members are: Althea 
Alumbaugh, Miss Arthur, Mary Bon- 
ham, Joda Bonham Puckett, Carrie 
Bell, Nora Merrill, Jane Bailey Ev- 
ans, Lizzie Bailey, Mary Bailey, Mil- 
ton Cummins, Luella Cummins, El- 
liott Coleman. Elearia Coleman, Es- 
telle Crawford, Cliff Curtis, Mamie 
Curtis, George Cravens, Sylvia Cole- 
man Annis, Ruth Coleman. Ethel 
Custer Smith, Anna Cooper, Joe El- 
lington, Bama Ford, Elisha Fry, L. 
D. Griffith, Flora Ford, Minnie Fur- 
ry, Lizzie Griffith, Janie Gosnell, Ed- 
ward Gouckenour, Valeria Goucken- 
our. Jannie Graves, John Graves, Sa- 
rah Hoggat, Delia Hoggat Easter, 
Ida Hawkins, Laura Johnson, John 
Hawkins, Sadie Hawkins, Levena 
Harris, Mamie Harris Strahle, Sarah 
Hood Johnson, Susie Keen, Arma 
Jewel, Febie Harris, Ira Harris, 
Ethel Hood. James Luzader, J. 
B. Nicholson, Lily Nicholson Bran- 
am, Bell Mahan, May McClanahan 
Hamilton, Bert McClanahan, Daisy 
McClanahan, John McClanahan, Mrs. 
John McClanahan, Rubie Keifer, Ed- 
na Keifer, Mrs. Chas. Maynard, 
Goldie May Birch, May Nichol- 
son, Emma Strahle, Alvin Stark, 
Melissa Saunders, Mollie Spears 
Raley, Noel Starks, Connie Starks, 
William Stout." Tiny Stout. Ra- 
chel Keen. Frank Keen, Bert 
Saunders, Ethel Saunders, Jess She- 
ridan. Dave Spears, Minnie Vanhoy, 
John Merrill, Lue Vanhoy, Erma 
Vanhoy, Zola Wortman, Gladys Sny- 
der. Cass Stroud, Harry Merrill, Me- 
lissa Williams, Delia Stark. Earl 
launders, Ola Saunders, Ida Dorthy, 
Ollie Pruit, Lily Pruit, Emma Bran- 
ham, Marion Waldorf, Grace Kelly, 
Grant Dutton. John Stout, Ona Jen- 
kins, George Davis, May Davis, Mrs. 
Jessie Gosnell. Henry Gage, Mrs. 
Henry Gage, Mary Keen, Lizzie 
Keen, Edith Loudermilk, Bert Lin- 
ton, Tom Loiidermllk. Lucy Louder- 
milk. Mrs. Bert Linton, Goldie 



47 



Reins, Harry Woodrow, George Pat- 
ton and family, Chaa. Anuis, Luther 
Williams, George Stanton, Daisy 
Maynard, Bonnie Maynard, 1. S. 
Klinger, Anna Botts, Mel Dutton. 
Jane Sharp, Mrs. Foster, Mrs. Roy 
Gilman, Etta Hood, Mamie Stanton, 
Clara Blair, B. A. Dix, Herbert Da- 
vis, Herbert Fuson, Eva Fuson, Jim 
Smallwood. Nell Stanton, Dotia 
Stanton, Juliet Spear, Nelson Stan- 
ton, Cloe Syester, Hubert Stanton, 
Pink Stanton, Sarah Stanton, Roda 
Stout, Mabel Trump, Sam Trump, 
Josie Weaver, Odie Weaver, Mat 
Hood, Minnie Harris, Jim Harris, 
Bettie Hood, Roxa Hutchinson, Ed- 
ward Griggs. MoUie Griggs, Rosa 
Payne. Ida Raley, Juanita Raley, 
Minnie Stanton. 

After the removal of the church 
building to Hymera, the church grew 
rapidly in membership until recently, 
when the membership became divid- 
ed over a misunderstanding in re- 
gard to church practices. There are 
at present two Baptist churches in 
Hymera. 

Churcli of Clirist. 

The Church of Christ was organ- 
ized in the summer of 1905. The 
erection of the church was com- 
menced Sept. 26, 1905 and was com- 
pleted April 4, 1906. Rev. H. W. 
Cuppy of niinois, was the first pas- 
tor. Some of the charter members 
were Mrs. Cora Shoemaker, James 
Shoemaker, Mr. and Mrs. H. V. Ca- 
ton, Aron Sluder, Mr. and Mrs. Ed- 
ward Arthur and Emmet Achman. 
The present members are: A. Sluder, 
James Shoemaker, Parmenas Stuts- 
man, A. J. Lambert, Cliff Gilman, H. 
B. Neal, James Hamilton, Levi Mor- 
ris, Ward McBride, Joe Huffman, 
Henry Pirtle. Edward St. Clair, 
Charles Puckett, A. J. Macy, Ed Wal- 
ters, Polly Fair, Cora Shoemaker, 
Girtie Stager,' Mary Grifl^ith, Laura 
Gilman, Lydia Stager, Grace Gilman, 
Frankie Frakes, Olivia Hamilton, 
Anna Hamilton, Hanna Hamilton, 
Dora Railsback, Lizzie Morris. Mrs. 
Walters. Mary J. Dudley, Beckie 
Sills. Mae Huffman, Ella Huffman, 
Ella Mullens, Mae Godfrey, A. Mc- 
Bride, Ethel Baskeen. Luna Pirtle, 
Mary Dutton, Hattie Woody, Gurtie 



Divinie. Lura Benefield, .Mary St. 
Clair, Laine Broddie, Lillie Puckett, 
Elizabeth Godfrey, Emma Hessler. 
Jane Sluder, Margaret Wall, Manda 
Walters, Eliza Scherb, Satti*^ Stan- 
ton. Mary Gilman, ("ora House. 
Maude Sluder. Dolly Sluder. Dot 
Sraiih. John York, Boon McKinney, 
John Godfrey, John Profit, Edgar 
House, Roy Gilman, Charles MuUins, 
Roscoe Criss. Creatie McKinney, 
Jane Everhart, Nora Followell. Myr- 
tle Sluder, Esta Gilman. Phoebe 
Losson, Ida Graves. Anna Kirkham, 
Lena Mullins, Mrs. Reynolds. Sheila 
Fair, Esta Criss, Kattie Smith, Sa- 
rah Godfrey, Viola Baskeen. Grace 
Lambert. 

Sunday School is held every Sun- 
day at ten o'clock. The Sundry 
School teacheis are Ncra Gcdfrej-, 
Mrs. Cora E. Shoemaker. James 
Shoemaker, H. B. Neal and Anna 
McBride. 

Church is held every Sunday mor- 
ning and Sunday night. Bible read- 
ing is held every Friday niel-i. 
Bethel .M. E. Church. 

The Bethel M. E. Church was org- 
anized about 1840. The charter 
members were William Pitt. Eliza- 
beth Pitt, Martin Hale. Samuel Ma- 
han, Margaret Mahan. Nicholas 
Cochran, William, Mattox. George 
Asbury, Malinda Asbury and Asa 
Mahan. The first meetings were 
held at the home of William Pitt but 
soon a log building was constructed 
upon the ground given for that pur- 
pose by Nathan Hale, a charter mem- 
ber and local preacher. Thfs build- 
ing stood about fifty feet west of 
the present building. Some of ihe 
first preachers were: Mr. Jones. 
James Williams, Marion Heaven- 
ridge. Mr. Bowers, George Asbury 
Mr. Palmer, Martin Hale. Mr. War- 
dell and Mr. Harding. Mr. Harding 
was also a carpenter and built the 
second church building, in 1871. 
This was a frame building and stood 
until 1914. Some of the ministers 
who preached in this building were' 
John L. Sims. B. F. Julian. J. Di 
Crane. G. F. Bundy, N. F [Xmny, 
John Ragle. AV. F. Russell, Daniel 
Ryan, L. B. Johnson and .M. O. Rob^ 
bins. The present building was 



48 



erected in the summer of 1913. On 
Dec. 28, 1913, Bishop David Hv 
Moore dedicated the cliurch. M. O. 
llobbins was the pastor at the time. 
The building is made of brick and 
has three rooms. It also has a base- 
ment which is used for prayer meet- 
ings and social affairs. The church 
will hold about five hundred people. 
The total cost of the building was 
about $9,000. This church has three 
hundred and ninety members. The 
Sunday School has an average at- 
tendance of about two hundred. 
There are one hundred and twenty 
on the cradle roll, sixty-four in the 
home department, and an enrollment 
of five hundred fifty. 

Mr. C. J. McAnally has been su- 
perintendent of the Sunday School 
for several years. Mrs. Dessa Rob- 
bins is superintendent of the prima- 
ry department. 

Bethel Cemetery. 

The first burial place in Jackson, 
Township was what is now known 
as Bethel Cemetery. William Pitt, 
one of the first residents of this 
township, gave an acre and a half 
to be used as a burial place. l\ is 
thought by some of the oldest resi- 
dents of the township today thai; 
William McCammish was the first to 
find a resting place in this home of 
the dead. 

Within a century this plot of 
ground has been filled with graves 
until now there is not room for an- 
other. Many beautiful monuments 
have been erected here to help the 
living to feel that the dead are still' 
with them, at least in memory. 

In 1904 a beautiful monument was 
erected in memory of Nathan Han- 
kie, a Revolutionary Soldier who is 
buried in this cemetery. The money 
to erect this memorial was secured 
by subscription. The monument was 
unveiled on October 1, 1904. James 
S. Barcus, a great-grandson of the 
patriot, delivered an address, and 
Mamie Asbury, a great-granddaugh- 
ter, assisted in the unveiling. The 
monument is fifteen feet high and 
represents a Revolutionary soldier at 
"Parade Rest." The inscription is: 
'"Nathan Hinkle. born June 7, 1749: 
died Dec. 25. 1848." 



There are many otaer soldiers 
buried here. There is also one Mex- 
ican Soldier's grave in this cemetery. 
His name is A. A. Hamilton. Some 
of the Civil War veterans buried 
here are Henry M. Hughes, Thomas 
Doty, Dr. Hyatt, John A. Spear, 
Robert Lyons, Harry Lyons, John 
McAnally, John Ford, Lyman Ford, 
Jahn Gambel, Hugh Sebring, Sr., 
Hugh Sebring, Jr., John J. Mahan, 
James Jonson, Richard Swift, Uriah 
Nead, Burr Watson, Abraham Van- 
derpool, Noah Ring, Jack Clark, One 
Unknown, S. B. Wardell, William 
Mahan, John R. Mahan, Lanman As- 
bury, Ichabod Oilman, William Am- 
merson and William McCammon. 

It is often of interest to the older 
people to know where their friends 
and acquaintances were buried. In 
the busy activities of life we often 
forget those of our acquaintances 
whose faces are no longer seen 
among the throng. Thinking it 
might be of interest to know who 
lies in this cemtery, we give below 
the names and dates found upon the 
tombs: 

Hugh Sebring. Sr., 1876. 

Hugh Sebring, Jr., 1873. 

Sarah Sebring, 1893. 

John S. Sebring, 1893. 

Martha Pitt Hinkle, 1909. 

Johnie R. Sebring, 1882. 

Margaret Watson, 1875. 

William S. Gillman, 1889. 

Manerva Gillman, 1887. 

William M. Gillman, 1862. 

Claybourn Wood, 1892. 

Elizabeth Givens, 1889. 

Katie Bryan, 1877. 

Hester Thomas, 1862. 

William Lyons, 1911. 

J. F. Thomas, 1875. 

Nancy Woods, 1884. 

Sibbana Thomas, 1872. 
*Sarah Worth, 1859. 

Clarissa Worth, 1863. 

John Worth, 1864. 

Ephrian McDanial, 1900. 

Sarah McDanial. 1908. 

Hattie Norman. 1906. 

William and Phebla Gillman, 1880 

A. H. Lyons, 1876. 

Sarah Lyons. 1913. 

Doras Lyons, 1874. 

Robert Lvons, 1872. 



49 



Robert Paterson, 1904. 
Samuel Patterson, 1897. 
John Patterson. 1901. 
George Patterson, 1891. 
Levi Spear. 1875. 
David Wilson. 1866. 
John Spear. 1898. 
Lydia Spear. 1835. 
William Spear. 1906. 
James A. Patton. 1867. 
Adaline Patton, 1863. 
Elenor Lyons Patton, 1892. 
Imo Marie Patton, 1897. 
Ruth Patton, 1898. 
Julia A. Payne, 1904. 
Mary Mahan, 1882. 
Hosea Payne, 1898. 
Sarah Asbury Payne, 1903. 
Hattie Mahan, 1889. 
Winnie Payne, 1879. 
Eva Baldridge, 1869. ^ 
Masy Wiman, 1867. 
Maggie Bamhart, 1874. 
William Nelson, 1876. 
James Riggen, 1876. 
Emma D. McCammon, 1898. 
Clara McCammon, 1883. 
Jennie McCammon, 1881. 
John J. Pipher, 1899. 
N. E. McCammon, 1888. 
; Margaret Combs, 1873. 

Mary S. Combs, 1896. 
Nathan Combs, 1898. 

Robert Spear, 1911. 

Ella Spear, 1907. 

Maggie Spear, 1908. 

Elizabeth M. Harvey, 1913. 
K Grace Harvey, 189 4. 

Minnie Harvey, 18 9 0. 

Edgar Harvey, 18 81. 

Mary Harvey, 1870. - 

Elizabeth McAnally, 1906. 

Herman Ladson, 1888. 

Floretta McAnally, 1868. 

Mamie McAnally, 1876. 

Iva McAnally. 1893. 

Callie Ford. 1901. 

Sophie Tuttle, 1870. - 

John Ford. 1885. 

James Mahan, 1909. , 

Samuel McMullin, 1855. 

Robert McMullin, 1878. 

John McDonald, 1906. 

Miles R. Miller, 1899. 

Margaret Berlien, 1886. 

Francis M. Baker, 1900. 

Lydia Hyatt, 1876. 

Mary Wardell. 1882. 



George Wardell, ISTS. 
.Milton Wardell, 18TS. 
Hattie Card. 1901. 
Fannie Card. 1903._ 
James Barcus, 1K77. 
Joseph Payne. 1871. 
John Hiple, 1888. 
Stella Criohfield. 1899. 
F. M. Doty, 85th Ind. Infantry. 
Joseph Canaan, 1875. 
Ruth Canaan, 1887. 
Percy McCarty, 1890. 
Lillie Frakes, 1878. 
Lucy Cowen, 1903. 
Chloe Gouckenour, 1S95. 
Anna Gouckenour. 1891. 
Andrew McAnally, 1900. 
Philander Craft, 1900. 
Martha Gouckenour, 1S90. 
V. L. Gouckenour, 1SS9. 
Olive Craig Gouckenour, 1893. 
' Horace Myers Gouckenour, 1893. 
Sarah Kinder, 1905. 

Rosy Standly, 1892. 
Adie Standiy. 1901. 

Walter Standly, 1905. 

Earl Cummins. 1890. 

Margaret Cummins. 18SS.* 

Carrie Davis. 1887. 

Henry Hughes, 18 95. 

.Andrew Pullie. 1893. 

Bessie Beasley, 1905. 

Ida Mahan, 1888. 

John McAnally, 1898. 

Golda McAnally-, 189S. 

Ethel McAnally, 1891. 

Mabel McDaniel, 1902. 

David Russell, 1895. 

Gertrude Hegne, 1897. 

Daphnia McAnally, 1S95. 

Lester McAnally, 1892. 

Burress McAnally. 1892. 

Nettie McAnally. 18S9. 
. Mary McAnally. 1889. 

David Plugh. 1882. 

Nancy Plew, 1891. 

Huldah Richmond, 1SS6. 

Walter. Richmond, 1S83. 

Julia Richmond, 18S8. 

Jennie Wence, 1884. 

Gertrude Wence. 1905. 

William Gritton. 187S. 

W'illiam Gritton. 1891. 

Elizabeth Gritton, 1900. 

Bridget Madden. 1888. 

Julia Shanks. 1879. 

John Camel. 1873. 

Burr Watson. 



50 



Joiia Ciimmins, 1904. 
Mtirty Harnhart. 1879. 
Tilden Barnhart, 1878. : , 
Maggie French, 1884. 
Amazon French, 1885. 
Ivii French, 1883. 
Carl Pierce. 

Glenn Neal, 190 6. y — : 

Sarah Allen, 1889. ; ; • 

Elishia Allen, 1863. 
John Allen, 1862. 
Melinda Patton, 1857. 
Richard Bowman, 1872. 
Lucy Mahan, 1863. 
Clara Railsback, 1906. 
John Mahan, 1891. 
Victoria Mahan, 1891. 
Daisy Mahan, 1878. 
Verdel Railsback. 1910. 
William Ladd, 1899. 
Tottie Tipton, 1896. 
Mary J. Tipton, 1908. 
James Johnson. • " 

Beulah Abbott, 1909. 
Francis Dorothy, 1901. 
Sarah Hamilton, 1855. 
A. A. Hamilton, Mexican War. 
Sarah McGray, 1878. 
George Mahan, 1846. *■ 

Sallie Mahan, 1851. . .. 
John Mahan, Sr., 1847. 
Daniel Ring, 1897. 
Elizabeth Ring, 1879. 
Arpie Patton, 1891. 
Willis French, 1885. 
Margaret French, 1873. 
W. E. French, 1863. 
Maggie French, 1890. 
Mary French, 1892. 
Percy Kennedy, 1878. 
Lizzie Heavenridge, 1870. 
Lucinda Beckett, 1864. 
Susan Foxworthy, 1860. 
Reason Beckett, 1856. 
Harriet Beckett, 1876. 
Elizabeth Beckett, 1865. 
Sophia Bowman, 1908. 
Mary A.. Miller, 1880. . 
Lillian Brewer, 1901. 
Charles Mahan, 1872. 
Joshua Beckett, 1898. 
Anna Beckett. 
Evadna Beckett, 1896. 
Joseph Beckett. 
Elizabeth Plew, 1880. 
Mary Hamilton, 1877. 
William Hamilton, 1857. 
Eliza Johnson, 1842. 



William Harbert, 1857. 

Bertie Asbury. 1882. 

Clarissa Hughbanks Zink. 1889. 

Nancy Hughbank. 1888. 

William Mahan. 1856. 

George Mahan, 1847. 

Sarah Mahan, 1819. 

Joseph Mahan, 1860. 

Betsy Ann Mahan, J860 

Thomas Mahan, 1873. 

Margaret McDaniel, 1870. 

Sarah Watts, 1887. 

Noah Ring, 1906. 

Sarah Ring, 1901. 

Cora Ring. 1891; 

Dellie Ring, 1870. 

Nancy McCammon, 1895. 

John McCammon, 1899. 

James McCammon, 1859. 

Patience McCammon, 1853. 

William McCammon, 1847. 

Thomas McCammon, 1846. 

Nancy McCammon, 1835. 

Nancy Mahan, 1861. 

Jerry Mahan. 1878. 

Jemima Mahan, 1834. 

Emmeline Mahan, 1879. 

Rachel Mahan, 1876. 

Jjohn Hughbank, 1854. 

Oliver Hughbank, 1854. 

Emma Hughbank, 1870. 

Lovisa Cochran, 1851. 

John Prosky, 1859. 
- W^illiam Prosky, 1862. \ 

Martha Ring, 1857. 

Loten Ring, 1857. 

Newton Ring, 1857. 

Mary Ladd, 1879. 

Soloman Ring, 1875. 

Maria L. Ring, 18 82. 

Elizabeth Mahan, 1870. 

Jeremiah Mahan, 1874. 

Martha Mahan, 1876. 

Emma R. Thomas, 1881. 

Emily Mahan, 1888. 

Elizabeth Cochran, 1870. 

Talitha M. Cochran, 1859. 
^ Emory Cochran, 1873." 

Guy Peterson, 1898. 

Fay Vanarsdall, 1882. 

Hester Vanarsdall, 1889. 

Mason Hamilton, 1903. 

Dorothy Mahan, 1848. 

William Mahan, 1846. 

Lucinda Mahan, 1871. 

George Mahan, 1847. 

Carolina Mahan, 18 54. 

Emmeline Mahan, 1854. 



51 



David Mahan, 1862. 
William Mahan. 1878. 
Isaiah Branson, 1875. 
Caroline Branson, 1912. 
Asa Branson, 1861. 
Jeremiah Branson, 1861. 
Nancy Branson, 1865. 
Charles Branson, 1875. 
Emma Branson, 1890. 
Harrison Williams. 1883. 
Louisa Montgomery, 1863. 
Damesh Montgomery, 1861. 
Lucy Plough, 1873. 
Samuel Hinkle, 1884. 
Hiram Hail, 1858. 
Fannie Hinkle, 1859. 
Nancy Girlingmire, 1865. 
Robert Girlingmire, 1865. 
Maggie Girlingmire, 1878. 
Leonard Girlingmire, 1892. 
Minnie Shivers, 1877. 
Jerry Mahan, 1852. 
Margaret Halberstadt, 1859. 
William Halberstadt, 1859. 
Charlotte Halberstadt, 1859. 
George Mahan, 1862. 
Blanch Zink, 1900. 
A. D. Welsh, 1891. 
Wniiam J. Beckett, 1890. 
Martha Beckett, 18 76. , 
Hiram Beckett, 1864. 
William A. Pitt, 1870. 
Elizabeth Pitt, 1880. 
William R. Pitt, 1841. 
Pheraby Mahan, 1841. 
Asa Mahan, 1894. 
Alexander Mahan, 1847. 
Ella McCammon, 1866. 
John T. McCammon, 1863. 
Eliza McCammon, 1876. 
Burtle Pullls, 1864. 
Sarak^ Whence, 1882. 
Abraham Wence, 1872. 
Magdalene Wence, 1871. 
Henry Baker, 1859. 
Rachel Baker, 1860. 
Joldjar Baker, 1859. 
Malissa Brownson, 185 6. 
Abraham Baker, 1859. 
Catherine Wence, 1856. 
William Wence, 1854. 
Henry Wence, 1872. 
Mitchell Wence, 1854. 
Mary J. Wence, 184 8. 
Harriet Badders, 1856. 
Samuel Badders, 1912. 
Lewt Shivers, 1899. 
Stella Badders, 1898. 



. Samuel Badders. 1888. 
Thaddius Cochran, 184 1. 
John Cochran, 1859. 
John T. Mahan, 1848. 
Mary J. Mahan. 1842. 
Parthena Mahan. 188S. 
Zillah Coffey, 1887. 
Vivia Coffey-. 1885. 
Mary Hughbank, 1884. 
Sarah Hughbank, 1884. 
William Hughbank, 18S6. 
John R. Mahan, 1865. 
Anna Mahan, 1850. 
Charles Shivers, 1899. 
Elizabeth Meeks, 1908. 
Rebecca Nicholson, 1885. 
John Nicholson, 1884. 
Arietta Nicholson, 18 73. 
Maggie Nicholson. 
Maynard Nicholson, 1SS2. 
Loeffler Winckelpleck. 1896. 
Samuel Hinkle. 1872. 
Eliza Petersen, 1859. 
John Hinkle, 18 61. 
Nathan Hinkle, 1848. 
Rosanna Girlingmire, 1857. 
David Crawford, 1885. 
Sarah Linn. 
Allis Barcus, 1859, 
Martha Barcus. 1871. 
Byrl Barcus. 
Nancy Hinkle, 1901. 
Clarissa Zink, 1871. 
Cleveland Zink, 1902. 
Abraham Vanderpool. 1904. 
Denney Clark. 1904. 
Anna Clark, 1904. 
Lydia Clark, 1893. 
Talitha Ammerman. 
Estella Hinkle, 1901. 
Elizabeth Ammerman, 1894. 
William Ammerman, 1872. 
Uriah Nead. 1873. 
James Wright, 1858. 
Richard Swift. 1876. 
Catherine Scully, 1901. 
James Scully, 1898. 
Soloman Bailey, 1903. 
Minnie Wilkinson. 1888. 
Hannah Wilkinson, 1892. 
Maxwell Brown. 
Lizzie Ammerman, 1888. 
Blanche Norris, 1896. 
Laura Stutesman. 
Harriet Julian. 
Warner Hail. 1854. o: 

Emma Hail, 1884. 
Warner D. Hail, 1864. 



52 



?:iizabeth Hail. 18H(». 

William W. Cochran, 18.tS. 

Harry Cochran. 

Webster Cochran. 1858. 

Laura Cochran. 1870. 

Allie Marshall. 189.5. 

Dr. Alfred Marshall. 1912. 

Glennie Branson. 1902. 

Lyman S. Ford. 1897. 

Edna Ford, 1880. 

Lyman G. P'ord, 1876. 

Alice Ann Ford, 1860. ' ; 

John Barnhart. 1882. 

Margaret Barnhart, 1891. 

Henry Barnhart, 1876. 

Margaret McAnally, 1872. 

Susan Barnhart, 1857. 

Samuel Mahan. 1860. 

James B. Mahan, 1865. 

Nanna McClung, 1855. .: 

Elizabeth Nead, 1857. ■ '' 

Candacy Nead, 1858. 

Catherine Lofton, 1901. 

Augustus Lofton, 1909. 

Murphy Lofton. 1891. :^ 

Jessie May Hood. 1902. 

H. A. Hood. 1901. 

John Hughes, 1874. 

Alice Hughes. 1890. 

Thomas Hughes, 1835. ' _- ■ 

Edward Hughes, 1890. . - 

Elizabeth Hughesr"T903. V - 

John Hughes, 1874. / 

Angeline Stark, 1893. 

Edward Marshall, 1892. 

Eva Marshall, 1894. 

Mary Marshall. 1883. 

Charles Lane, 1891. 

Christina Lane, 1902. 

Opal May Morris, 1900. 

Georgie Highdeld. 1898. - -^ • ■ ' 

James Morris, 1908. ■ -. 

Martha Hughes. 
The .Mines cf District Xo, 8. 

There are six_veins of coal in this 
district. The top vein is about sixty 
feet below the surface in most pla-^ 
ces. This vein contains a good do- 
mestic coal from five to six feet 
thick. The greater part of it has 
been used. No. 5 vein is a very 
good quality of steam coal from 
three to eight feet thick. This is 
the vein being worked, now. No. 4 
vein is not thick enough in this lo- 
cality to be rained. No. 3 is a good 
quality of steam coal from four to 
nine feet thick and very little of it 



has been mined. Drillers report that 
veins No. 2 and No. 3 are block or 
semi-block coal but none of it has 
been mined. 

Some coal was mined on Harve 
Wilson's farm before the Civil War. 
The coal was taken from the side of 
a hill. 

Starks and Coffee mined coal 
from a slope mine as early as 1873. 
Very few men were employed in 
this mine when it was first being 
worked. The coal was taken to 
Curryville in wagons and shipped 
from there because there was no 
railroa*=*WPe then. In 1876 anoth- 
er mine was sunk on the same site 
to another vein. They erected what 
is known as a gin shaft. A rope was 
fastened to the cage, passed over a 
pulley, and fastened to a large wood- 
en drum. The drum was turned by 
a horse and in this way the coal was 
raised on the cage. 

Butts, Rubley and Buchanan, or 
the Pittsburg (Hymera) Coal and 
Coke Company, sunk a mine to No. 
6 vein in 1889. It was located near 
the corporation line south of Hyme- 
ra. All of the buildings and machin- 
ery were modern. About one hun- 
dred and fifty men worked in the 
mine and they were paid one dollar 
and a half for nine hours work. In 
1896 the tipple burned. Each man 
who worked here donated ten dol- 
lars to be worked out at a dollar and 
eighty cents a day to rebuild the 
tipple, and clean the mine. In 1897 
the mine fell into the hands of a re- 
ceiver and was sold to Mr. Niblick. 
In a few months he sold it to Hard- 
er and Hafer. In 1899 they sunk to 
No. 5 vein and in 19 01 to No. 3 
ve.n. The mine was dismantled in 
1904. 

Marshall Zinor sunk a mine to 
No. 5 vein in 1891. It was located 
east of the E. & T. H. railroad and 
in the north part of town. It was 
called the White Ash or Golden 
Standard. About one hundred men 
worked here. They were paid one 
dollar and a half for a nine hour 
day. All of the coal was dug by pick 
work and hauled by mules. In 1902 
the buildings burned and another 
mine was sunk on the west side of 



53 



the railroad, a little farther south. 
In 1897 or 181«8 William Miirdock. 
William Britten, Clay Cummins, 
Jack Dorthy and David Cummins 
bought the mine. Later other stock 
holders were taken in, the principal 
one of which was Mr. Ermine. A 
short time after this, Mr. Ermine 
bought the mine. The Consolidated 
Coal Company bought the mine in 
1905 and called it No. 31. The mine 
'was abandoned in 1906 and the tip- 
ple torn down in 1910. 

Harder and Hafer sunk a mine to 
No. 5 vein in 1901, west of the town. 
About three hundred men worked 
here. They received two dollars and 
forty cents for an eight hour day. 
The machinery and buildings were 
modern and are used here today. 
The Consolidated Coal Company 
bought the mine in 1905 and called 
it No. 32. 

Harder and Hafer sunk a mine to 
No. 5 vein in the winter of 1903- 
1904. This mine was located south 
of the town and outside of the cor- 
poration. The miners received two 
dollars and fifty-six cents for an 
eight hour day. The machinery and 
buildings were all modern. In 1905 
it was sold to the Consolidated Coal 
Company and called No. 33. 

The biographies of some of the 
oldest residents of Hymera are given 
below: 

' Nathan Hinkle. 

Nathan Hinkle, the oldest citizen 
and veteran of Hymera, was born in 
Vermilion county, Illinois, June 10, 
1826. When Nathan was about 
twelve years of age, his father, Sam- 
uel Hinkle, moved to Missouri but 
soon returned to Vermilion. It was 
in Vermilion county, at a little log 
school house, and under the strict 
discipline of a crabbed teacher that 
Mr. Hinkle received his early edu- 
cation. When about seventeen years 
of age he came to Hymera with his 
father who entered land, buying for- 
ty acres at first and forty later. He 
also attended school here in the 
school house which was located 
where the Bethel Church is now. 
After his school days he engaged in 
the trade of a cooper along with 
that of farming. When twenty-four 



years of age he was married to Mar- 
tha A. Pitt, daughter of William 
Pitt who was one of the very first 
residents of Hymera. In 1S61, he 
enlisted for service in the Civil War 
in Company I of the Ninety-seventh 
regiment under Gen. McPherson. 
Mr. Hinkle was in twenty-two bat- 
tles and skirmishes. He well re- 
members the battle of Keuesaw. Col. 
Catterson had placed him in com- 
mand of Company I and on the night 
before the battle the colonel told 
him they were going to make a 
charge from Kenesaw Mountain the 
ne.xt day, and that he might do as 
he pleased as to informing h's men 
about it. Mr. Hinkle thought it 
right that he should inform them and 
all that night he says, there wero 
murmurs throughout the camp about 
the coming battle. Early the next 
morning they made the charge and 
during the battle the men of Com- 
pany I got in zd ance of the regi- 
ment and with'n close range oj the 
enemy. There was a stream at the 
foot of the hill and so fiercely was 
the battle fought that the water was 
red with blood, and the ground 
thickly covered with dead and dying. 
The battle lasted from sunrise that 
morning until two o'clock that after- 
noon. The Yankees fought hard but 
were defeated. Those who were 
living were discouraged but never- 
theless thankful for their live?. 

Mr. Hinkle served three years and 
was given an honorable discharge in 
1864. He is a member of the Meth- 
odist church, also a charter member 
of the Masonic and Eastern Star 
lodges. Mrs. Hinkle was also a 
member of the Methodist church and 
Eastern Star lodge. She died May 
23. 1909. 

To Mr. and Mrs. Hinkle were 
born eleven children, Sarah E., Nan- 
cy, Josephine, Fanny, deceased, 
James. Mary, William, Samuel, de- 
ceased. Robert. Henrietta and Ho- 
ratio. 

After the death of his wife. Mr. 
Hinkle continued to reside at his 
own home with his daughter, Mrs. 
Henrietta Beckett. He is familiarly 
called "Uncle Nathan," and consid- 
ering his old age, is very active. 



Harriet .M<K»ro HrtHik.H. 

Harriet Moore Brooks was born in 
Adams county, Ohio. May 13, 1834. 
Fier father was George Moore and 
her mother was Elizabeth Stad 
Moore. Mr. Moore was born in 
Pennsylvania and Mrs. Moore in Ire- 
land. When she was twenty-three 
years of age Harriet was married to 
George Kirkhara. To them were 
born two 'children, John Kirkham, 
who married Anna Freeland, and 
Rachel, now wife of Frank Owens. 
Both are residents of Hymera. Sev- 
eral years after the death of her 
husband, Mrs. Kirkham was united 
in marriage to Mason Brooks. In 
1874 they came to Indiana, settling 
three miles southwest of Hymera. 
Mr. Brooks died in 1900. Since 
then Mrs. Brooks has lived with her 
daughter. 

Mr. John Tiptcn. 

"Uncie John" Tipton, a well 
known ci.il War veteran, was born 
Feb. 3, 184 5, in Coshocton county, 
Ohio. He was the son of Dr. Joseph 
Lud Mahala Nead Tipton. In 1847 
he came with his parents to Oweta 
county, Indiana, and his father en- 
listed in the Mexican War in the 
same year. When he was sixteen 
years of age he enlisted as drummer 
boy in the Civil War on Oct. 10, 
. 1S61, in Company C of the 59th re- 
giment of Indiana Volunteers. He 
served during the entire war, under 
different generals, and was with 
Sherman on his famous march to the 
sea. Some of the battles iu which 
he participated were Island No. 10, 
Fortress Monroe, Jackson, both bat- 
tles at Corinth, Pittsburg Landing, 
Marietta, Kenesaw Mountain, Vicks- 
huig, Rakish, Goldsboro. Chatta- 
.- i:ooga. Lockout Mountain, Mission- 
any Ridge, and numerous others, 
some of which were extremely bloody 
and very fiercely contested. 

After the war he returned to In- 
diana. Soon after he joined the 
85th regiment of Missouri State Mi- 
litia, in 1868, where he was quar- 
termaster for five years. He then 
went West, was wounded in an en- 
counter with the James Brothers' 
• "Gang," and returned to Indiana. 
On Nov. 9, 1877, he was united in 



marriage to Mary Jane Barnhart. 
(laughter of Henry and Margaret 
Barnhart. Mrs. Tipton was born 
May 4, 185.^, of German and Eng- 
lish ancestry. Mr. and Mrs. Tipton 
settled on a farm one mile south of 
Hymera. To Mr. and Mrs. Tipton 
were born eight children, all of 
whom are living except the youngest 
daughter, who died when small. 
They are Joe, Bernard S., Wilbur V., 
Mrs. Chloe Keene, Tip, Mrs. Toney 
Butler, Tottie, deceased, and John 
Bryan. 

On Jan. 8, 1908, Mrs. Tipton died. 
She joined the • Methodist church 
when quite young. She was also a 
member of the Rebekah lodge. 

Mr. Tipton married Mahala Ma- 
jors Shepherd April 13, 1911. 
.Mr. and .Mrs. William -McGrew. 

W^illiam T^irkham McGrew, late 
resident of Hymera, was born in 
Kentucky, March 10, 1822. In the 
same year his parents moved to Or- 
ange county, Indiana, where he lived 
until he was nine years of age. He 
then moved to Fairbanks township. 
Sullivan county. In 1853 he was 
married to Sarah Benefield, daugh- 
ter of William and Rebecca Bene- 
field. She was born in June in 1833 
in Ohio. At the age of one year she 
came to Indiana with her mother, 
her father having died in Ohio. Mr. 
and Mrs. McGrew lived on a farm 
near Little Flock church, of which 
they were both members, until 1865 
when they moved to Sullivao. They 
then moved to a farm south of Hy- 
mera where they have since resided. 
There were born to Mr. and Mrs. 
McGrew two children, Maggie and 
William. 
When "Uncle Billy," as he was 
known, was young, bear, deer and 
•Wolves were not unfamiliar sights 
about his home. When he was 
grown he became a flat-boatman, of- 
ten making two trips a season from 
Terre Haute to New Orleans with a 
load of pork and corn. The craft 
he used was sometimes one hundred 
feet long and was built bottom side 
up at the river side.' It was then 
pushed into the river and turned 
over. The rafts were so constructed 
that they could be torn apart at 



55 



New Orleans and sold for lumber. 
The crew would then return on a 
packet to Kvansville, after seeing 
the sights in the southern metropo- 
lis. There was often danger of cho- 
lefa in New Orleans. ]Mr. McGrew 
used to tell of a sad case of a coni,- 
rade whom he helped carry from the 
boat at Evansville in a blanket. He 
died before they could lay him down. 
Mr. McGrew became an expert bow 
hand and made in all about twelve 
trips to iVew Orleans. Mr. McGrew 
died Nov. 18, 1913, at the age of 
ninety-two years. Mrs. McGrew is 
still living with her daughter Maggie 
at the McGrew home in Hymera. 
B. F. Julian. ^ 
B. F. Julian was born in Warrick 
county Mar. 4, 1836 and came to 
Sullivan county in 1851. He c?ir- 
ried mail from Carlisle to Terre 
Haute on horseback in 1852. There 
were no towns between Carlisle and 
Terre Haute, except Sullivan and 
Lebanon. He left Sullivan county 
in 1853 and went back to Warrick 
county. He was licensed to preach 
Aug. 10. 1862. On the same day he 
enlisted for service in the Civil AVar 
in Company E of the 65th regiment 
of Indiana Volunteers. He entered 
the regular ministry jn the Indiana 
Conference in 1870. He came to 
Hymera in 18 70 as preacher at the 
Bethel M. E. church. He served one 
year here, two at Carlisle, and one 
at Pleasantville. He returned to 
^ Hymera as a retired minister in 
M895. He then purchased a grocery 
store. He was appointed postmaster 
during McKinley's administration 
and served for four years. On Aug. 
23, 1857, he was married to Lucy 
H. Peck of Warrick county, the 
daughter of Henry and Nancy Peck. 
There were born to Mr. and Mrs. 
Julian nine children. They are Mrs. 
Susan Alice Austin. Henry, Ira, Mrs. 
Sarah Bell Pirtle, Nancy, deceased. 
Mrs. Matilda Beckett, Cora, deceas- 
ed, John H., deceased, and Walter F. 
Mrs. Julian died Feb. 1, 1908. 
.Mary Jane Reckett. 
Mrs. Mary Jane Beckett was born 
in Johnson county. Indiana. Oct. 31, 
1848. She was married in 1865 to 
John C. Beckett, who was born in 



Kentucky in ls2s. Tlu-y moved to 
Hymera in 186J). There were born 
to them seven children: Dorae, Ar- 
thur. Charley, Bell, who died June 8, 
187 6. Delia, who died May 2 9. 1878, 
Mrs. Myrtle Nicholson and Mrs. 
Pearl Britton. Mr. Beckett was a 
carriage maker by trade. He died 
in 1877. Mrs. Beckett lives at the 
old home place in Hymera. 
-Mrs. Lucy Payne. 

Mrs. Lucy Payne was born in Clay 
county, Indiana, in 1837. She was 
married to M. G. Payne in 1S55. Mr. 
Payne enlisted for service in the 
CiTil War in 1865. He was in the 
43d regiment. There were born to 
Mr. and Mrs. Payne two children: 
Mrs. Nancy Woodrow of Hymera anO 
S. F. Payne of Clay county. Mrs. 
Payne is at present living with her 
daughter, ]Mrs. Harry V.'oodrow, who 
moved to Hymera from Lewis town- 
ship. Clay county, Indiana, in 1905. 
Bio;;raphy (it Sarah .\. F^. Hogjiat. 

Sarah A. E. Hoggat was born in 
Sullivan county. Nov. 9, IS 43. She 
was a daughter of James M. Plew 
and Minerva Marlowe, both of whom 
were natives of Kentucky. Mrs. 
Hoggat lived four miles northeast of 
Sullivan in Hamilton township, until 
the time of her marriage to Mr. Al- 
fred P. Case. March IS. 1S60. Mr. 
Case worked in a sawmill. In Jan- 
uary, 1862. he enlisted in the Civil 
War, in the 59th regiment. Company 
C. He took part in the battles of 
Vicksburg and Corinth. After serv- 
ing two years and three months, he 
became seriously ill and was allowed 
to come home on a furlough. He 
died April 7. 1S64. To this union 
was born one child, Mary E. 

Mrs. Case lived with her parents 
at the old home place until the time 
of her marriage to Mr. John B. Ali- 
derson, March 26. 1866. His occu- 
pation was that of farming and min- 
ing. To Mr. and Mrs. Anderson were 
born six children: Alice, James. Sa- 
rah. Effie, Mary and Ira. Three are 
now living. Ira. Mary and EfEe. Mr. 
Anderson died June 14, IS S3. On 
July 24, 1SS7, she was married to 
Mr. Stephanas Hoggat. His occupa- 
tion was that of farming. They lived 
northeast of Hymera until the time 



56 



of liis death which occurred Mar. 20, 
litl3. After his death Mrs. Ilogj;at 
moved to Hyiuera. where she now 
resides. Mrs. Hoggat is a noted 
weaver and has woven since child- 
hood days. She possesses a fly shut- 
tle loom, and for sixteen years, tiiis 
loom has been in constant use. Dur- 
ing the first ten years of its use she 
wove two thousand yards of carpet 
yearly. Once in a contest she wove 
sixty-two and one-half yards in ten 
hours. Two men received the first 
two premiums but Mrs. Hoggat ex- 
celled all the other women and came 
in for the third premium. The day 
she was seventy-one years old, she 
wove twenty-one yards of carpet. 
Although well along in years, Mrs. 
Hoggat is still very active In this 
work and i3 very fortunate in having 
gocd health to aid her. 
-Mr. and .Mrs. Parnieuas Stutsman. 
Parnienas Stutsman, the son of 
Joseph and Rachel Crist Stutsman, 
was born Nov. 4, 1844, on his fath- 
er's farm, three miles north of Hy; 
mera. Here he grew to manhood. 
On March 4, 1875, he was married 
to Elizabeth Pittman, daughter of 
James and Irene Pittman. After 
their marriage Mr. and Mrs. Stuts- 
man lived in Clay county for a time 
but in 1882 they moved to Hymera, 
where Mr. Stutsman operated a fiour 
mill which stood where the bank 
now stands. He sold the mill in 
1897. There were born to Mr. and 
Mrs. Stutsman five children. They 
are Emma, Mrs. Mary Julian, Laura, 
deceased. Dr. W. H. Stutsman, and 
Eurnle. 

5Ir. and Mrs. Lpvi Morris. 
Levi Morris was born April 4, 
1843, in Flayd county. Indiana. He 
enlisted in the Civil War in 1861 and 
served four years. He was married 
to Amanda E. Wilson on August 26«- 
1866, who was born September 20, 
1842, in Orange county, Indiana. To 
this union were born four children, 
James, deceased, Oliver, and two in- 
fants who died shortly after their 
birth. Mr. Morris and family moved 
to Hymera in 1890. Mrs. Morris 
died November 5, 1912. Mr. Morri.-^ 
is at present living in Hymera. 



Mr. and Mrs, Joseph .Vsluiry. 

Joseph Asbury was born in Flem- 
ing county, Kentucky, Oct. '.'>, 1847. 
He was the son of Walter and Eliza- 
beth Bowman Asbury. He received 
iiis education at Mt. Pleasant school 
house. In September, 1864, he en- 
listed for service in the Civil War. 
He served in Company F, of Eighty- 
fifth regiment of Indiana Volunteers 
under General Thomas. 

In September, 1874, he was mar- 
ried to Josephine Hinkle, daughter 
of Nathan Hinkle. She was born in 
1852 in Hymera, in a log house 
which stood where the Barnhart ho- 
tel is now. She attended school at 
Hymera and later attended what 
was called the Normal School taught 
by Captain Crawford and Mr. Hays 
at Farraersburg and Sullivan and la- 
ter became a teacher. She taught 
first in Cass township-in 1872 and 
later in Jackson township at No. 3 
and No. 8. Mr. and Mrs. Asbury 
built and lived for a time in t.he 
house where Mrs. Thralls now lives. 
Later they moved to Fairbanks and 
Jasonville and then to Hymera. 

Mr. Asbury formerly followed the 
occupation of blacksmith but in 1894 
he was elected trustee of Jackson 
township and served two terms. He 
a'so served as commissioner for six 
years. Mr. and Mrs. Asbury have 
eight children living: Claude, Carl, 
Thurlow, Stella, Maimie, Conrad. Vi- 
las and Lizzie. 

Mrs. J. A. Spear. 

Mrs. Lyviia A. Criss Spear was 
botn in Coluoibiana county, Ohio, 
Nov. 6. 1835. Her famer, Isaac D. 
Criss, was born in Ohio and her 
mother, Susanna, was born in Phila- 
delphia. When eight years old, she 
came with her parents to Augusta. 
Carl county, and after living there 
two years, they moved to Owen 
county. Here Mrs. Spear lived until 
her marriage to J. A. Spear on Sept. 
14, 1851. In November, 1861, he 
enlisted in the war and served in 
Company A of the Fifty-ninth regi- 
ment of Indiana Volunteers. He was 
with Sherman on his march to the 
sea. He served in the war three and 
one-half years. 

Shortly after the war, Mr. and 



57 



Mrs. Spear settled on a farm one 
mile nortiieast of Hyinera. Here 
Mr. Spear died August 17, 1SH8. 
Two years later Mrs. Spear moved 
to Hyniera \vilh her family and lo- 
cated near the Baptist church. Sev- 
en children were born to Mr. and 
Mrs. Spear: James (deceased), Ce- 
lestia (deceased), Louisa, Oliver, An- 
na. David and William H. (deceas- 
ed). Mr. and Mrs. Spear are both 
members, of the Christian church. 
Caroline M. .Mahan. 
Caroline M. Mahan was born in 
Jackson township, near Hymera, 
Feb. 11, 1842. She is the daughter 
of Michael and Clarissa Hughbanks 
Zink. Her father came to Jackson 
township with his parents when thir- 
teen years old, and at the time of 
his death in 188 8 he owned two 
hundred eighty-eight acres of land, 
the accumulation of his own person- 
al efforts and industry. Her mother 
died in 1892. Mrs. Mahan received 
her educational training in Jackson 
township. On June 4, 1865, she 
was united in marriage to James 
Mahan, who was born in Mason 
county, Kentucky, Dec. 20, 1830, 
and who was a son of Jerry and J^r- 
mina (Browning) Mahan, both of 
whom were born in Kentucky. To 
Mr. and Mrs. Mahan were born two 
children. Mason M., a miner in Hy- 
mera, and Clara, deceased wife of 
Richard Railsback. Mr. Mahan died 
Sept. 19, 1910. Since his death 
Mrs. Mahan has continued to reside 
at their present home in Hymeo-a. 
She is a member of the Methodist 
Episcopal church of Hymera. 

Mrs. John Harve Italian. 
Mrs. Melinda Sills Mahan was 
-born in Jackson township, north of 
Hymera, Feb. 11, 1844. She is a 
daughter of Nathan and Mary Mc- 
Canish Sills, both of whom were 
born and reared near Louisville, 
Kentucky. In 1825 Mr. Sills came 
to Jackson township and entered 
land north of Hymera near No. 5 
school house. It was at a little log 
sohool house just north of their 
home and at the time when the 
teacher "boarded around" with her 
pupils, that Mrs. Mahan received her 
educational training. On Sept. 23. 



1st; 4. she was married to .lolin 
Harve Mahan, .^on of Thor.ia.- and 
Hetty McCamnion Mahan. During 
hi.-^ "life time. Mr. Mahan follo-Aed 
two occupations, that of a fanner 
and a merchant. 

On Nov. 3, 1863. just a shor: time 
after his marriage, Mr. Mahan en- 
listed in Company A of the Ninety- 
seventh regiment of Indiana Volun- 
teers. In the last decisive battle, a 
shell pierced his shoulder, giving 
him a serious wound. He was in the 
hospital at New Orleans for three 
months. After his recovery he was 
sent to Galveston. Texas, and the 
warm. unheaUhful climate so in- 
jured his health that he never fully 
recovered from its effects and re- 
mained an invalid the greater part 
of his life. After thirteen r.ionths of 
service he was given an honorable 
discharge in December. 1S64. Ke 
died November 3. 1914. 

Mrs. Mahan continues to reside at 
their home in Hymera. To Mr. and 
Mrs. Mahan were born severv chil- 
dren: Ida (deceased), Audrey. Rcs- 
coe, Ira (deceased). Joseph O.. Eu- 
gene B., and Bessie ( deceased i. 

Mr. Mahan was a charter member 
of the Odd Fellows lodge at Hymera 
and both Mr. and Mrs. Mahan are 
members of the Methodist church. 
Levlca Jane Eppert. 

Levica Jane Penrod Eppert was 
born in Athens county, Ohio. Feb.' 
12. 1S45. She was a daughter of 
Jacob and Mary Penrod, both of 
whom were also born in Athens 
county. When four years of age, 
Mrs. Eppert went with her parents 
to Iowa. While crossing the Ohio 
river the steamboat on which ihey 
had taken passage was pierced by a 
snag and began to fill rapidly with' 
water. Fortunately they were over 
half way across the river and within' 
sight of the shore. All were nervous 
and excited. They kept the boat 
from sinking by pumping out the 
water and keeping the opening filled 
with bedclothes and other heavy ar- 
ticles. They managed to get ashore 
but the boat with all their belong 
ings sank. The captain proceeded 
to leave immediately so that he 
might not be obliged to give hack 



58 



tlic iiioiipy which thpy had paid tor 
|)assaf:e, and so they were left on 
the wharf in a very deplorable con- 
dition. After a week they continued 
their journey, traversing the great- 
er part of the remaining distance in 
a covered wagon. They crossed one 
more river, but with much better 
success than before. 

When Mrs. Eppert was fifteen 
years of age. she came with her 
sister to Cloverland, Indiana. her 
mother having died when she was 
ten years old. She lived there until 
her marriage to William H. Eppert. 
He was born in Clay county and was 
a son of Peter and Mary Elston Ep- 
pert, both of whom were born in 
Ohio. He was a miller. In 1895, 
Mr. and Mrs. Eppert came to Hyme- 
ra. After three years in the mill 
here he gave up that occupation and 
became a baker. He died Nov. 23, 
1911. 

To Mr. and Mrs. Eppert were born 
seven children: Edward. John (de- 
ceased), Fred, Mary, Harry, Daisy, 
and Clifford. 

.>[i"s. .Margaret Spear Patterson. 

Margaret Spear Patterson, daugh- 
ter of Robert and Margaret McBride 
Spear, was born in Gurnsey county, 
Ohio, June 11. 1837. Her father 
was born near Pittsburg. Pennsyl- 
vania, and her mother in Ireland. 
When fifteen years of age Mrs. Pat- 
terson came to Spencer, Owen coun- 
ty. Indiana, and lived there until her 
marriage to Henry Jordan, April 19. 
1859. His occupation was that of a 
farmer. On Feb. 21, 1861, he en- 
listed for service in the array in 
Company B of the Thirty-first regi- 
ment. In the battle of Fort Donel- 
son he was wounded and seven days 
later he died in Paducah hospital. 
Tennessee, and was buried before 
Mrs. Jordan had even heard of h!s 
death. Shortly after his death, she 
went to her brother's home in Illi- 
nois and lived there two years, after 
which she returned to Spencer and 
lived there for a period of ten years. 
On Jan. 27, 1874 she was united in 
marriage to John Patterson, a farm- 
«'r and miller. Mr. Patterson died 
February 15, 1901. While living in 
Ohio he was a member of the Ma- 



sonic lodgf' and was a member of the 
Presbyterian church. Mrs. Patf-r- 
soii lias two children: Carrie Jorrlan 
ivonsh who lives in Clay county, and 
May, with whom she has resided 
since the death of her husband. Mrs. 
Patterson is a member of the Meth- 
odist Episcopal church. 

Mrs. .Joliii .McClanahaii. 

Mrs. John Richmond McClanahan 
was born at Ashtabula. Ohio. She 
is a daughter of Walker and Hul.la 
Badger Richmond, both of whom 
were born in Ohio. When Mrs. Mc- 
Clanahan was three years of aga, 
they moved to Illinois. They lived 
there five years after which they 
moved to Sullivan and then to a 
farm east of Shelburn. Here Mrs. 
McClanahan lived until her mar- 
riage,^ At the time of Lincpln's as- 
sassination Mrs. McClanahan was 
living in Sullivan and she has a viv- 
id remembrance of the train passing 
through covered with mourning and 
of the great disturbance and sensa- 
tion that the death of the great pre- 
'JfSent caused in that town. On May 
9. 1872, she was united in marriage 
to John T. McClanahan. son of Jo- 
seph D. and Zerrilda Anderson Mc- 
Clanahan who, in 1847, came to 
Curry township and settled on ■ a 
farm near Shelburn. Mr. Joseph D. 
McClanahan was a companion of 
"Uncle Billy" McGrew on his trips 
on flatboats down the Mississippi 
river to New Orleans and Evansville. 

In 1889 Mr. and Mrs. John Mc- 
Clanahan came to make their home 
in Hymera. Mr. McClanahan was a 
carpenter by trade. He constructed 
the first tipple of Mine No. 34. the 
oldest mine in Hymera. 

To them were born three children: 
Alfred, who married May Badson. 
Herbert, who married Daisy Eppert, 
and Hulda May, wife_ of Mell Hamil- 
ton, all of whom are at present resi- 
dents of Hymera. 

Mr. Mc(^lanahan died Sept. 29, 
1914. and Mrs. McClanahan contin- 
ues to reside at their home. He was 
a charter member of the Masonic 
lodge of Hymera and a member of 
the Baptist church, to which Mrs. 
McClanahan belongs. 



59 



Thomas J. .^IcAiially. 

Thomas J. McAnally. son of John 
and Mary Herndi'n Mo Anally, was 
born in Franklin county, Indiana, 
Jan. 3, 1844. He had five brothers 
and two sister.s. The brothers liv- 
ing are James, William and Carey. 
The family moved to Curry township 
when Thomas was fifteen years old. 
He went to the Civil War when 
twenty years of age. He served from 
Oct. 12, 1864, till July 21, 1865, as 
a private in Company E, 85th regi- 
ment, Indiana infantry, and as a 
private in Company H, 33d regiment. 
After the war he resumed his occu- 
pation as a farmer and when twenty- 
four years old married Elizabeth J. 
Payne, who was born and reared in 
Jackson township. To this union 
were born two girls. Pearl and F'lor 
retta. The latter died when small. - 
The family moved to Jackson town- 
ship about 1870, where Mrs. McAn- 
ally died June 24, 1906. 

J(»Im Harve .Mahan. 

John Harve Mahan was born Nov. 
25, 1836, in Jackson township. He 
went to school in the old log schooL 
house in Hymera, where he received, 
a fairly good common school educa- 
tion. His occupation the greater 
part of his life has been that of a 
cooper and carpenter. He was mar- 
ried to his first wife, Mary Jane Cop- 
Ian, in 1855. She did not live long 
arid in December, 1868, he married 
his second wife, Angeline Coble. She 
died in 1910. Their children that 
are living are Albert, Mary, James 
M., Arlie and Harry E. The ones 
that are deceased are Ida L., Oscar^ 
Nora, Charles R., Orville, Harly and 
an infant. Mr. Mahan is now seventy- 
eight years old and in good health. 
Dean Cuiuniin.s, Sr. 

V. D. Cummins, Sr., a son of 
John A. Cummins and Mary Crist, 
was born in Terre Haute in 1842, 
When si.x years of age he came with 
his parents to Centerville and later 
to Curryville and lived there until 
si.xteen years of age. On Mar. 10, 
1863, he enlisted for service in the 
Civil War and was honorably dis- 
charged Mar. 16, 1864. He married 
Minerva Watts. To this union were 
born eight children: Frank. Dean, 



Wint. Laura, Mary, DelliPit. Jt'sse 
and Charles. .\fter the war Mr. 
Cummins farmed until 1>T4. vUen 
he was elected trustee of Jacksciu 
town.'^liip and served for eiglit years. 
He wa.*^ then elected recoraer and 
served until 189&. He later en- 
gaged in the marble indu.= try. 
John Snowflen and Wifp. 

John Snowden was born Dec. IT 
1845, in Alleghany county. Pennsyl- 
vania. He enlisted in the Civil War 
in February, 1S64, in Company 0. 
59th regiment of Indiana Volun- 
teers. He came to Hymera in IS-'j". 
On Dec. 3, 186S, he was married to 
Elizabeth Wilson, who was born 
Sept. 9. 1846. in SuUivan county. 
Three children were born to this 
union: Cordelia. Cassy and Frauris. 
He moved to Illinois in In 71 and re- 
turned to Hymera in 1907 and still 
lives here. 

-Mr. and .Mrs. .Jolin A. Ward. 

Rev. John A. Ward", a retired Me- 
thodist minister, was born in.Rof'k 
Island county. Illinois. Dec. 25, 
1839. In 1847 he moved with iiis 
parents to Putnam county. Indiana. 
He began teaching at the age of 
twenty-one and after teaching for 
two terms he enlisted for service iu 
the Civil War in 18 6 2, in the Sev- 
entieth regiment of Indiana Volun- 
teers, and served till June. IS 65. 

After returning from the war. he 
entered the Methodist ministry and 
was ordained at Bloominglon in 
187(p. He served as a minister at 
Francisco, Shoals, Fredericksburg, 
Corydon, Greenville, Salem. Sullivan, 
Washington, Mooresville. Rockport, 
Bedford, Vincennes, New Albany and 
College Corners. He was Pre^iilin? 
Elder of the Rockport District. 

In 1906 he retired from active 
service as a minister and wich his 
wife moved to Hymera where they 
have since lived. Mrs. Ward was 
born in Guilford county. North Car- 
olina. April 5, 1838. Mr. and Mrs. 
Ward are the parents of seven chil- 
dren: Laura. Charles, Ella. Frank 
(deceased), Harry. John and Walter. 
-Mi's. .Meli.s.sji .Sander?-. 

Mrs. Melissa Stark Sanders was 
born April 9, 1844, in Clay county, 
Indiana, where she grew to woman- 



60 



hood. She was married in is 64 to 
James Sanders who was born Sept. 
li. 1H44, in (Hay county. Mr. San- 
ders enlisted in the Civil War in 
1S61 and served throughout liie 
war. 

There were born to Mr. and Mrs. 
Sanders eight children, of whom six 
are living: Mrs. Jenny Love. Mrs. 
Maggie Carnahan, Bert, Earl, Ever- 
ett and Earnest. 

Mr. Sanders entered the ministry 
of the Missionary Baptist church in 
1893. The family moved to Hyme- 
ra in 1903 and in 1904 Mr. Sanders 
was elected to the office of township 
trustee, but served only a few 
months, dying March 7, 1905. AV 
present Mrs. Sanders is living in 
Hymera. 

Mr. and .>[i's. Lorenzo I). SuUi. ^ 

L. D. Sink was born in Ohio, Nov. 
11, 1842. He was the eighth of 
thirteen children. He with his par- 
ents moved to Steubenville, Owen 
county, where he attended school. 
At the age of eighteen he had. to 
give up his school to help support 
the family. After being out of 
school seven years he secured a li- 
cense and taught school in his neij;'i- 
borhood for about ten years. 

Mr, Sink came to Jackson town- 
ship in 1880 and purchased the farm 
on which he now lives. During the 
Civil War Mr. Sink served as a pri- 
vate in the Thirty-third regiment of 
Indiana infantry for four months, 
having enlisted in March, 1865. 

In February, 1865, he was unit-^d 
in marriage to Hannah Kelley, a 
daughter of Harrison and Louisa 
Kelley of "Jackson county, Indiana. 
To them were born eight children: 
Sarah. Charles, William Grant, Lil- 
lie. Marietta, Bessie, Cora and Cla- 
rence (deceased). 

lUography of Dr. aiul .Mrs. Thralls. 
Dr. and Mrs. R. T. Thralls came 
to Hymera about 1879 when it was a 
struggling little village with a store, 
postotfice, blacksmitli shop and six 
or eight dwelling houses. Dr. Thralls 
was born in Vigo county. Mar. 26, 
1854. Mrs. Thralls, formerly Miss 
Mary Bird, was born in Edgar coun- 
ty, Illinois, Mar. 12, 1855. They 
were married in May, ls75, «tler 



the doctor graduated from the In- 
dianapolis Medical School in March. 
Their living children are John and 
Urban Thralls, Mrs. Agnes Vanars- 
dall and .Mrs. Winnie Tennis. Bar- 
nard died when a young man. Dr. 
Plew and Dr. Thralls attended school 
together. Dr. Plew graduated one 
year later than Dr. Thralls. They 
were fast friends and practiced me- 
dicine together for thirty years. Dr. 
Thralls tietJjji^e office of State Sen- 
ator representing Sullivan and Knox 
connties in the Sixty-third General 
Assembly. He was one of the three 
physicians in that body. He died 
Dec. 19, 1913. 

George F. IMew. 
George Franklin Plew, a physi- 
cian of Hymera, was born July 6, 
184-8, in Sullivan county. He was 
reared on a farm four miles north- 
east of Sullivan. When eighteen he 
entered Ascension Seminary at Far- 
mersburg and after his graduation 
taught school for several years. In 
June, 1872. he began the study of 
medicine. He graduated from the 
Rush Medical College of Chicago, 
Feb. 15, 1876. He began the prac- 
tice of medicine in Hymera in the 
same year. In 18 77 he was married 
to Miss Flora Welty, a daughter of 
Dr. Welty. To this union was born 
three children: Raphael, Clifford H. 
and Homer Baxter. Dr. Plew was a 
partner in business and an intimate 
friend of Dr. R. T. Thralls. He could 
tell us many interesting stories of 
his early practice, when physicians 
were few and far between, but he 
declines to do so. 

.Mr. and .Mrs. S. H. .Nicholson. 
Mr. S. H. Nicholson was born in 
Jackson township in 1S46 and has 
lived near Hymera all his life. I^ 
•"1864 he joined the army. He was 
married Feb. 22, 1868, to Arietta 
M. Hinkle, who was born in 1849 
and died June 1, 1873. To this 
union was born three children: 
James, Calvin and Maggie. He was 
married on Sept. 13. 1874, to Mar- 
tha .McCammon Lyons, who was 
born April 3, 1847, and was the 
mother of one child, Ida, now Mrs!- 
Henry Botts. To Mr. and Mrs. Nich- 
olson were born six children: Earl, 



61 



Wootl, Manard, Hattip, now Mr.s. 
3()h\i P:ngel, Nan. now Mrs. Will, 
Winklepleck. and Delia, now Mr.s. 
Claude Plpw. 

Sarah C. GillxMt. 

Sarah C. Gilbert was born in Kd- 
gar county, Illinois, June I'T, 185L'. 
Her early lite was spent on the farm 
in Edgar county. She was married 
June 18, 1878, to George A. Gilbert. 
He was a merchant. He began busi- 
ness in Dudley, Illinois, and lived 
there until his death, December 31. 
18;»9. Shortly after the death of 
Mr. Gilbert, the family moved to 
Hymera, where the sons went into 
business as merchants. 

There were born to Mr. and Mrs. 
Gilbert five children. They are- 
Stella, Oscar. Alfred. Henry and 
Helen. 

Carey .Mc.Anally an«l Wife. 

Mr. Carey J. McAnally. a Civil 
War veteran and well known resi- 
dent of Hymera, was born in Brooks- 
ville, Indiana. He was the son of 
John and Mary Herndon McAnally.. 
both of whom were natives of Frank- 
lin county, Indiana. Mr. McAnally 
lived in and near Brookville until 
1857 when he came with his par- 
ents to Sullivan county and settled 
near where the St. Clair mine is now. 
He lived there for a time but later 
moved to a farm near Currysville, 
where he lived until the Civil War 
began. On Jan. 1, 1864, he enlisted 
as a soldier in Company H of the 
Eighty-fifth regiment of Indiana Vol- 
unteers and was with Sherman in 
his famous march to the sea. 

He was married in 18 72 to Nar- 
cissa Payne, daughter of Hosea and 
Sarah Asbury Payne, both of Sulli- 
van county. Later Mr. and Mrs. 
McAnally moved to Hymera where 
they have since resided. To them 
were born seven children: Ivah and 
Mayrae, deceased. Roscoe, Daisy, 
Hallie, Floy and Banis. 

In 19 05 Mr. McAnally was ap- 
pointed postmaster of Hymera and 
continued in the service of the gov- 
ernment until 1915. Mr. Mc.Vnally 
is superintendent of the Sunday 
school at the M. E. church where he 
and his family hold membership. 



Jim (.u/a<ler. 

.Jim W. n. Luzader wa- horn in 
Bruceville, Knox county. Indiana, 
Sept. .'.. 1S:5'.I. He was a son of C.a 
W. A. and Nancy Harrison Luzader. 
When he was about seven years old, 
Mr. Luzader came with his parents 
to Sullivan and here hi? father fol- 
lowed the occupation of a tanner^ 
Here Mr. Luzader learned the trade 
of a cabinet maker under How'ank 
and Moore and worked there for si.v 
years until the outbreak of the war.. 
In October, 1861, he enlisted in the 
service in Company D, forty-third 
regiment of Indiana Volunteers. He 
was in the army for three years, ten 
months. His time expired at the end 
of the third year but he re-enlir-;- 1 
at Little Rock, Arkansas, for the re- 
mainder of the war. At various times 
he was under Gen. Steele, Gen. Pren- 
tis. Gen. Solemn and Gen. Gorman. 

He was in the expedition with 
Gen. Banks when that general start- 
ed to Shrevesport, Louisiaiia. to cap- 
ture the city, but unfortunately they 
were captured themselves. They 
were taken as prisoners to Camp 
Ford Tyler, Texas, and held there 
for ten months. There were six 
thousand in the prison and their 
food consisted of corn meal and corn- 
ed beef. The prison was enclosed, 
by a very high palisade and guards 
were stationed without. There was 
no covering overhead so that they 
received the rain and the stinshine 
alike. They were afflicted with the 
scurvy and numerous other diseases 
and numbers of them died. 

Mr. Luzader gives an interesting 
account of how some of the prison- 
ers escaped from the prison. He 
says there was an old negro who 
carried the rubbish and garbage 
from the prison yards in a railroad 
dumping cart and the Yankees made 
a personal friend of hira. So when 
the old negro would come tor the 
rubbish the prisoners would put two 
or three of their number in the ne- 
gro's cart, cover them over with a 
blanket, and put the rubbish on top. 
Many times did he pass the guards 
unmolested. Th.e old negro was 
kind and always went to the trouble 
of taking the rubbish finite a dis- 



62 



taiicc so tliat w lu-ii hn (hinipt'd it lu- 
luiKlit also safely dump the Yaiikfts, 
This scheme worked well for cmitc 
a while, hut there were men in the 
prison who would report things to 
the guards that they might gain fa- 
vors themselves. So the guards be- 
came suspicious and many times 
would stick their swords through 
the rubbish, but it seems as if for- 
tune favored them for when the 
sword went down there was never 
a Yankee, but when the guards let 
the old negro go by unmolested there 
was usually a Yankee. 

Mr. Luzader himself escaped from 
the prison but in quite a difHimnt 
manner. There was a hospital about 
a mi^e away from tte prison and 
some of the Union men who were 
captured were put on parole and al- 
lowed to remain I here and help take 
care of the tick and wounded. How^. 
ever, these men were allowed to visit 
their fellowraen in the prison and 
bring them a few necessary articles. 
Now Mr. Luzader had a friend who 
was on parole and who came to the 
prison to bring soap. Mr. Luzader 
secured his parole and forged one 
for himself and three companions. 
Therefore when it came time for the 
men who were on parole to return 
to the hospital Mr. Luzader and his 
three companions presented their 
paroles to the guards and passed out 
also. They tten went to the hospi- 
tal and their captain who was then 
on parole, advised them to stay there 
that night for he had heard that 
there was a chance of their being 
exchanged within a few days. They 
also remained the next day and play- 
ed ball w th the Confederate men, 
but having heard in the mepn time 
that they would not be exchanged, 
they thought it best to set out that 
night. Their plans were to reach 
the Sabine river the following night. 
They had a compass and also were 
guided by the stars, the moss and 
the trees. The next morning as they 
were cooking their meat some hunt- 
ers passed along with their dogs. 
They eyed them rather curiously and 
asked a few ([uestions, but on re- 
ceiving satisfactory answers they 



Iia.x.sed on without further words. 
The runaway prisoners then thought 
it best to be moving on. That d.iry 
and also the next they made consid- 
erable progress. They always avoid- 
ed the towns and part of the time 
they were in hiding. The third night 
they reached the Sabine River, where 
they found an old skiff. This they 
calked up with leaves and grass the 
best they could and started across 
the river. This proved to be a diffi-i 
cult task for there had been a heavy 
rain and the river was swollen. F()r,<; 
tunately there was a holly bush 
which grew far out over the water 
and by means of it they managed to 
pull themselves ashore. They had no 
more than started again when they 
heard the baying of dogs. They then 
made for a swamp and remained in 
it from ten o'clock in the morning 
till ten that night, so that the dogs 
might lose scent of hem. 

After the dogs had been called off 
they proceeded to go farther but they 
were doomed to disappointment, for 
they had not gone a great distance 
until they were met by the Confed- 
erates. There was nothing else to 
do but admit that they were Yan- 
kees and runaway prisoners. They 
were then taken to Mount Pleasant,- 
Te.xas, where they would have been 
placed under guards, but that after 
having their word of honor that they 
would not try to escape they were 
placed on parole. They enjoyed 
themselves here and went to several 
parties given in the neighborhood. 
However they were always back and 
in their rooms at an early hour. One 
of Mr. Luzader's companions had a 
knack for getting things to eat and 
as the Confederates had a negro 
cook he managed to coax the old ne- 
«ro into giving them many a good 
meal on the sly. While, they were 
here the slaves were auctioned off" 
and the Provost Marshal asked them 
to come down to the court house and 
witness the auction, assuring them 
that they would not be asked any in- 
sulting questions, but that the peo- 
ple were curious to see what a Yan- 
kee looked like. The captain then 
asked them what they thotiglit of the 
auction. Mr. Luzader replied that 



63 



lie had seen auctions before but that 
this one would be the last one. At 
the end of ten days they were placed 
under guards and started back to 
their old prison. They fared well 
going back for they were under the 
protection of the Confederates and 
it was not a hard matter for a Cbn- 
federate to get either food or sheN 
ter in that country. When they ar-^ 
rived at the prison they were sent 
before the commanding officer, Col. 
Sweet. They knew that it would 
never do for them to say that they 
had forged a parole so they all told 
the same story, saying they had 
climbed over the stockade on a dark, 
rainy night. They were sent back 
to prison but three weeks later they 
were exchanged for Confederate 
prisoners and taken to New Orleans 
where they donned new suits and 



were allowed to go home. Some of 
the other battles in which he took 
part were Ft. Doneldsori, New Mad- 
rid, Poison Springs, Little Rock, 
Memphis and Island N'o. I'l. 

After his return from the war Mr. 
Luzader continued to follow tho 
trade of cabinet maker in Sullivan, 
with Crawley and McKinley, Later 
he worked in the coach department 
for a period of ten years. It was! ia 
1889 that he came to Hymera and 
became a funeral director. He fol- 
lowed this occupation until the year 
1915. There are not many families 
in Hymera and vncinity with whom 
he has not come in contact in the 
time of death. . He is now living a re- 
tired life and although well aloug in 
years he is yet very active and is 
fortunate in having the best of 
health. 



64 



Chapter 1 0. District No. 9. 




District No. 9 is not an agricultu- 
ral district, although a great deal of 
farming is done. It contains several 
mines and its inhabitants are chiefly 
miners. The district has one gravel 
read two miles long which runs 
across the center of the district from 
east to west. It was built in 1899. 
This district was settled in the earlj' ^ 
part of the last century. It is not 
definitely known who the very first 
settlers of the district were but the 
records show that Abraham Plew en- 
tered land here in 1S30; Thomas 
Manwarring in 1831; Richard Reg- 
ister in 1841; Soloman Man warring 
in 1842: H. Peac<jck in 1843; and 
F. Curry in 1S43. Some other pio- 
neers were Nicholas Cochran. Jerry 
Mahan. Jacob Halberstadt. George 



Nelson, Leander Berlingmier and 
Willis French. - 

In the early days there were 
many wild animals here as else- 
where in the township. A story is 
told of the killing of a panther in 
this district. Mr. Sam Curry, a 
well known hunter, with a few of 
his neighbors, was cutting some 
wood in the forest. While they were 
working a panther crept up close to 
them. Upon seeing it the men 
climbed up some trees and left Mr. 
Curry alone. Fortunately he had a 
large hunting knife with which he 
finally killed the panther in the fight 
which followed. The men then re- 
sumed their work, just as though 
nothing had happened. 

On Mr. Wallace's farm, in the 



65 



northwest corner of this district, 
there is a low field where the deer 
used to come at night to a "lick." 
The ground was so salty that no 
weeds or grass would grow there. 
The men of the neighborhood had a 
scaffold made so that they could 
hide in the trees. They used to go 
there before dark and climb the 
trees and watch for the deer. If a 
deer was coming in from the oppo- 
site direction to the wind, it usually 
could smell the scent of the person 
watching and would go away. Many 
deer were killed here. 

A former resident of Jackson 
township tells the following story 
about himself: 

"I tool: the advice of Greeley in 
the early seventies and landed in the 
west to hew out my fortune. I built 
myself a log cabin and went to clear- 
ing up the timber and brush in a 
circle around the cabin. I had 
cleared quite a distance back and 
was very busy chopping, when I 
heard a noise. On looking around, 
I saw a bear coming for me with a 
savage snarl. I dropped my axe and 
bolted for the cabin. Such- "going" 
would be hard to describe! At that 
juncture my wife came to the door 
of the cabin and began to yell, 
"Run Jim! run Jim!" emphasizing 
her words a little more each time, 
thinking to encourage me, but I 
needed no encouragement, for sure- 
ly I was making the run of my life. 
I landed face down in the middle of 
the cabin and my dutiful wife slam- 
med the door shut in the bear's 
face. She then began to tell me 
how she had feared for my safety. 
I said to her, 'Did you ever think 
that I would fall down on a deal 
like that?" " 

The first school house built in the 
district was mode of logs and stood 
on the farm belonging at that time 
to Nicholas Cochran, but which is 
now owned by Ezra Thompson. It 
was built by subscription in 1850. 
It was heated by a large fireplace 
and the seats were puncheon. Willis 
French in 1S60 hired a carpenter to 
make a seat with a back and gave 
it to the school as a present. The 
first trustee who hired teachers for 



this building was James Plew. Some 
of the first teachers were Charles 
Wallace, J. A. Plew. W. Hatfield and 
L. Grant. • 

The second school house was built 
in IS TO. The township at that time 
had been redivided into districts 
two miles square. This school house 
was later moved away and used as a 
dwelling house. 

The third school house was a 
brick building. It was partly de- 
stroyed by a storm which made a 
large crack on the east side. This 
made it both unsafe and uncomfort- 
able for the children. In 11*07 a 
large frame building was erected, 
yet it was not large enough to ac- 
commodate all the children. Dur- 
ing the years .1911, 1912 and 1913 
a school wagon conveyed the child- 
ren of the sixth, seventh and eighth 
grades from this district to Hymera. 
The hauling of the children was dis- 
continued in 1914, the attendance 
having been decreased on account of 
the closing of the mines. 

The men from this district wio 
enlisted for service in the Civil War 
were W. Marshall, John Nelson, 
Jack Mahan. T. Mahan, Robert 
Montgomery, Henry Hughes, W. Nel- 
son and Henry Barnhart. Mr. Barn- 
hart is the only one still living. 

The first mines in this district 
were slope mines. One known as 
the Hinkle mine was situated on W. 
Peterson's farm and is now used as 
a manway to the Wilfred mine. J. 
Plew and Mr. Frost were managers 
of a slope mine on the farm no-wl 
owned by Dell Everly. Another was 
on the W. McAnally farm and was 
operated by Mrs. Dix and J. Mo.An- 
ally. Another on the Pierce fa.-in 
was operated by J. McAnally, W. 
McAnally and W. Moore. 

The Hillside min6 is situated ja 
Mr. Thompson's farm, one-half mile 
east of the Wilfred mine. In 1904 
the Baker Brothers bought the coal 
under twenty acres of land and op- 
ened the mine. They owned the 
mine for a few years, then sold it to 
Mr. City and Mr. Little. City and 
Little operated it only a short time 
and then let it go back to the Baker 
Brothers. Mr. Frank Bolt and sons. 



66 



who are the present owners of the 
mine, bought it from the Baker Bro- 
thers in 1913. The present process 
of mining is pick work, although 
there has been a punching machine 
used in the mine. The vein of coal 
being mined is number si.x, about 
thirty-five feet from the surface, and 
it is a good quality of bituminous. 
The average output per day is twen- 
ty tons. The mining price is $1.00 
for screen coal, the selling price is 
$1.50 for lump, $1.25 for nut and 
$.50 for slack. There are six men 
employed and the mine is worked 
throughout the year, if possible. But 
if the season is very dry the pond 
sometimes goes dry, and this makes 
it very difficult to supply water. They 
are sometimes forced to quit work 
for a short time. 

The Wilfred Mine. 

In the year 1900 an option was 
taken by Paul Wright on the land 
in this locality for the purpose of 
sinking a mine. He bought six hun- 
dred acres of land at thirty dollars 
an acre, Mr. Thomas Manwarring be- 
ing the first to sell. After the coal 
was obtained the Wilfred Coal Com- 
pany under the management of Har- 
man. Freeman and Black of Indiana- 
polis, begn drilling. Three prospec- 
tive holes were driven to No. 5 vein 
but No. 6 vein was the most profit- 
able, so in July, 1902, the mine was 
begun and was completed by Christ- 
mas of the same year. The No. 6 
vein here was found at the depth of 
ninety-eight feet and proved to be 
a good quality of bituminous. 

About thirty houses, all on the 
same plan, were built by the com- 
pany for the use of the miners. The 
railroad switch was built by the com- 
pany but was later taken by the E. 
& T. H. Railroad Company. The 
greatest output of coal at this mine 
was one thousand one hundred and 
fifty tons per day, although the av- 
erage output was seven hundred 
tons. The price of mining the coal 
varied from time to time but usually 
ranged from thirty-two to sixty-three 
cents per ton for screened coal. 
There were about one hundred and 
fifty men employed the fir-st year but 
later the average number employed 



was about two hundred and twenty. 
The price of labor inside was from 
$2.56 to $2.84 per day. 

This mine had few strikes. The 
longest one was caused by the issu- 
ing of checks instead of money. 
There have been a few accidents that 
have been fatal to some of the men 
employed. Some of the men who 
lost their lives here were Elmer De- 
Lap, Mr. Batson, -Mr. Trueblood, 
George Patton, and Harvey Marlow. 
After operating this mine for two 
years the - Wilfred Coal Company 
sold it to the Deering Coal Com^an^' 
who operated it for four years. 
Later it was leased by the Brazil 
Block Company and operated by 
them for four years. It was then 
leased by the T. Wooley Coal Com- 
pany who operated it for two years 
or until the coal was worked out. It 
was abandoned in April, 1914. 
The Oak Grove Church and 
Cemetery. 

About the year 1895 Mr. and 
Mrs. Monroe Peterson, Mr. and Mrs. 
Elijah Peterson, Mrs. Clara McAn- 
a'ly and John D. McDaniel, organiz- 
ed a Sunday school which met in No. 
9 school house. Mrs. Clarke Richard- 
son was one of the first superinten- 
dents. Ministers came from other 
churches and preached here, for they 
had no regular preacher, at this 
time. In 1897 the old log house of 
the Presbyterian church at Bald- 
ridge was moved here. One acre of 
land just east of the railroad on the 
north side of the road was deeded by 
Mr. William Halberstadt for the 
church lot. When the log house was 
moved it had to be repaired. This 
work was donated by the people of 
the community. It was bought by 
the donation of the people. When 
^he Wilfred mine was sunk the coal 
company traded one acre of land to 
the church for the coal which was 
under the lot where the church house 
stands. This acre was used as a 
cemetery. After the new church 
building was complete they organ- 
ized a United Brethren church and 
this building became known as the 
Oak Grove U. B. church instead of 
a union church as before. Some of 
the first ministers were .Willie Hal- 



67 



bt^rstadt, now minister of the U. 
n. church at Torre Haute, Newton 
Royar. of Clay City. Rev. Ilarbet, 
Rev. Miller, Rev. Eliot, Rev. Bran- 
rlenburg, Rev. Forewood and Rev. 
Schoonover were Jater ministers. 
Rev. Fonts is the present minister. 
The church was at first in the Lower 
Wabash Conference circuit, but is 
now in the Indiana Conference. 
Washington District circuit. There 
have been no prominent gatherings 
except the regular quarterly meet- 
ings. There has always been a good 
Sunday school connected with the 
church. In the year 1908 there 
were fifty-two new members added 
to the church. Rev. Brandenburg 
carried on the revival. There are 
now only sixty-eight members, sev- 
eral having been removed by letter 
and a few by death. 

The graveyard is north of the 
church house. There are not many 
graves in it. On account of the coal 
being taken out underneath, several 
have been taken up and buried else- 
where. There are but two stones, 
those of Claude Halberstadt and 
Roy McLennan's baby. All other 
graves are marked by wooden or 
stone slabs. 
Mr. and Mis. George B. Peterson, 
Mr. George B. Peterson, or "Un- 
cle George" as he is better known, 
was born in November, 184 2, in 
Franklin county, Indiana. He came 
with his parents to Sullivan county 
■when he was seven years old, and lo- 
cated in Curry township, near Eben- 
ezer church. He came to Jackson 
township a few years later and has 
lived here ever since, except four- 
teen years he spent in Illinois. He 
was married to Lydia Barnhart Sep- 
tember 13, 1864. She is still living 
and is sixty-seven years old. Mr. 
Peterson's occupation is that of a 
farmer. He has had a few years ex- 
perience as a coal miner. He worked 
iu No. 31 mine at Hymera (later No. 



34). when he first came to .lark.-^on 
township. He. became a charter 
member of Oak Grove church when 
the cla.'-ri was organized. Mr. and 
Mr.s. Peterson are both in very poor 
health. They have no children. 
.Mr. ai»«l -Mr.s. Henry Ilanihart. 
Henry Barnhart, a son of Henry 
and Margaret Barnhart, was born in 
Tuscarawas county, Ohio, April 23, 
1843. In the fall of 1847 bis father 
moved to Owen county. Indiana, 
where he lived for six year;. In 
1S53 his parents moved to Sullivan 
county, one-half mile south of Hy- 
mera." Mr. Barnhart has lived in 
Jackson township ever since. He 
was drafted to serve in the Civil 
War. October 14, 1S64, in Company 
A. of the 5Tth Regiment of Infantry. 
He was wounded and taken prisoner 
at Franklin, Tennessee. He came 
home in the fall of 1865. On Oct. X. 
1S6S, he was married to Emily 
Jane Zink, daughter of Michael and 
Clarice Zink. To them have been 
born six children, four girls and two 
boys. In the fall of 1868 he became 
assessor and served for two years. 
Mr. and Mrs. Nathan Hinkle Nelson. 
Nathan Hinkle Nelson was born in 
Vermillion county, Illinois, August 
10, 1S48. At the age of three years 
he came with his parents to Jackson 
township. When he was four years 
old his father died and his mother 
found it very difficult to rear her 
large family. His opportunities for 
education were limited. He atten- 
ded school at the Plew school house 
at the time when the school was on- 
ly three months long. At the age* 
of twenty-four he was married id 
Amelia E. Harding, daughter of j:i 
local preacher. There were born tci 
Mr. and Mrs. Nelson four children. 
They are Margaret, Helen, Mary and 
Charles. All are living but Charles, 
who was killed in the tile factory in 
November, 1914. Mrs. Nelson died 
March 10, 1910. 



68 



Chapter 1 1 . District No. 1 0. 



7611 



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4^i 



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C 5 0*^^,, 




39 i 



I* 



Artr.// 

40 IS 






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47Z 



4-0 



JO 



anH,//Cot)Cc 

too 



40 






District No. 10 is very rough and 
broken, although there is some good, 
farming land. This section of the, 
township has more mines than any 
other section. Mining is the prin- 
cipal Industry, although some farm- 
ing is done. 

This district was settled In the 
early part of the last century. It,is 
not known just when the first set- 
tlers came to this district. However, 
the records show that in 1829 Mich- 
ael Ring entered a tract of land in 
this district. Land wa.s also entered 
by James Smith in 1832, by Adam 
Wilson in 1837, by Ezekiah and 
Stephen Shepherd in 1837,' by Thos. 
and George Shepherd in 1838. by 
Francis .Johnson in 1838, and by 
Wabash and Erie Canal Company in 



1847. Some other old residents 
were Daniel Ring, Hosea Payne, 
Soloman Manwarring, Jacob Wyman, 
W. N. Patton, J. Patton and, Milton 
Wilson. The first school house in 
this district was built in 1855, and 
was made of logs. Some of the first 
teachers who taught here were Mr. 
Q^nt, Mr. Wolfenberger, Leander 
Botts, Mr. McMuUen. Mr. King, Miss 
Sallie Canan. Miss Susan Johnson, 
Miss Mary Jane Ford, (now Mrs. 
Curry). George Ford, Miss Divine, 
U. E. Nead. and J. Marlowe. The 
names of some of the families whose 
children attended here are Marratta, 
Shepherd, Hays. Welty, Gaskell, Pat- 
ton, Johnson. Ring, Ford, Everhart, 
Campbell, Hamilton. Nead. Marshall, 
Hughes. Wyman. Wright, Zink, and 



69 



Payne. "Spelling Bees" and debates 
were held in this school house dur- 
ing the winter evenings. A Sunday 
school was conducted here during 
the spring, summer and fall of eac-h 
year. The second school house, a 
frame building, was built in 1872 
southwest of the old log house. This 
building is still standing and is used 
as a dwelling house. The third 
building used for a school house was 
a Jackson Hill Coal Company house 
at Jackson Hill. This was rented 
because the second one was too 
crowded. The last school building 
built in this district is the present 
brick building, built in 1897, 

The first mill in this secton of the 
country was built by Richard Clam- 
pitt about the year 1829. It was lo- 
cated southeast of Hymera and all 
the grinding done for a large sec- 
tion of the country was done at this 
mill. 

The saw-mill known to old resi- 
dents as the "Larr Mill" was located 
on the forty acres which Abe House 
now owns. This mill was moved 
here in 1867 from Merom by the 
Larr Brothers, by six oxen. It was 
operated here for two or three years 
and then moved to Hymera and lo- 
cated on the ground about where 
the opera house now stands. 

Later the Moore and Winterwood 
Mill was located at Abbott. It was 
operated from 1890 to 1900. It was 
owned by George Bledsoe, and later 
by Earl Shields. It cut about ten 
thousand feet of lumber a day. It 
furnished timber for the neighbor- 
ing mines and also shipped some 
lumber. 

The soldiers who enlisted from this 
district were John Ford, M. Johnson, 
John Everhart, John Nead, William 
Campbell, Jake Nead, Uriah Nead, 
and George Ring, who is still alive. 
John Nead, William Sills, Jake Nead 
and Uriah Nead were in Captain 
Holdson's Company in the ninety- 
seventh Regiment, Company I. John 
Nead died in Mississippi in 1863. 
Singleton Marshall enlisted froni 
Washington county, but lives in dis^ 
trict No. 10 now. 
Jack.soii Hill Presbyterian Oiurch. 

In 1903 a series of tent meetings 



were conducted in Jackson Hill by 
the Rev. Van Deventer which resul- 
ted in the organization of a Presby- 
terian church at that place. The 
charter members were Mrs. Ellen 
Wright. Nannie Spinks, Isabel Ret- 
tich, Catherine Rettich, Mrs. Ella 
Buckling, Vica Ferguson, Nanthus 
Bryant. William C. Wright, Ger- 
trude Spinks, Otto Lane, and J. H. 
Needhammer. The church was 
known as a branch of the Clayborne 
church. A building was erected here 
in 1903. Some of the ministers who 
preached here were Mr. Houser, Mr. 
Stephenson, Mr. McKaye, Mr. Crab- 
tree. Mr. Smith, Mr. Worl and Mr. 
Moore. Some additions to the meu^- 
bership of the church were Foreman 
Lambert, Mrs. J. H. Needhammer, 
Mrs. Ralston, Eva Laffoon. Sarah 
Blevins. Lillian Osborne. Area Wol- 
ford. Nellie Laffoon, Anna Williams, 
William Laffoon, Mary Ralston. Mrs. 
Eliza Blevins, Ada Boles, Garland 
Nead, Louise Boles, Goldie Blevins, 
Sarah McCarly, Harry Peacocli. Sar- 
ah Peacock, Rebecca Peacock, Agnes 
Steele and Maud Dorman.The meet- 
ings of the church were discontinued 
in 1912. During the year 1914 the 
Apostolic church has been holding 
services in the building. The minis- 
ter is Mr. Eddington. 

The First Coal Mine. 

Tlie first coal mine in this district 
was located northeast of the present 
school house. This was at first a 
slope mine. The coal was discovered 
by Noah and Henry Ring, sons of 
Daniel Ring, when digging in the 
ground for a ground hog. After the 
slope had been worked for some 
lime there was a shaft sunk on top 
of the hill. This was operated many 
years. This mine supplied coal for 
many miles around. Many wagons 
came from Illinois to get coal. This 
mine was first operated about 184 5 
and was operated until about the 
year 1874. 

Jackson Hill Xo. 1. 

The first mine that was sunk by 
the Jackson Hill Coal and Coke Com- 
pany vvas known as Jackson Hill No. 
1. It was sunk in 1881 and was 
operated for about fourteen years. 
It was located west of where the 



70 



town of Jacksun Hill now stands. 
This mine shipped coal out of the 
district and was the first railroad 
mine in the district. 

Jackson Hill Mine No. 2. 

This mine was located southwest 
of Jackson Hill Town. It was sunk 
in 18 99. When work was at its best 
this- mine employed two hundred and 
twenty-five men, and the output was 
over nine hundred tons of coal par 
day. In August 1913 a dust explos- 
ion occurred which injured thirty 
men and killed five. The dead were 
Mr. Ralston, Mr. Phipp, Mr. Keyser, 
Mr. Batson and Mr. Leonard. 
Shepherd Slope Mine. 

The slope mine located on the 
forty acres of Porter Shepherd's 
farm south of Jackson Hill, was op- 
erated by Greensbury Shepherd from 
1855 to 1858. The coal was bofd 
all around the country and v.agons 
came from Illinois for coal for the 
blacksmiths. Then George and Wil- 
liam Shepherd operated the mine, 
from 1898 to 1904. It was called 
• lie "Amdrucanda." 

Hinkle Mine. 

The mine which Is known as the 
Hnkle mine is located on the farm 
of Alabama Marshall. It was sunk 
by William Hinkle about 1902. The 
mine was operated by him for nine 
years. Then it was sold to Frank 
Bolt, who had it for two years. Then 
Lee Sink bought it and operated it 
about a year. Joe Syester owns it 
at the time of this writing. The 
first vein mined was No. 6, then it 
was sunk to No. 5 vein. 

Jackson Hill No. 3. 

Jackson Hill No. 3 mine was sunk 
by the Jackson Hill Coal and Coke 
Company in 1901. No. 3 vein of 
coal was worked. The mine was op- 
erated a year and then stopped on 
account of gas and bad roof. There 
were from seventy-five to eighty 
men employed here and the output 
of the coal per day was about six, 
hundred tons. 

Hamilton Mine. 

The "Hamilton Mine" was sunk in 
1903. by the Hamilton Coal Com- 
pany, one mile northeast of Jackson 
Hill No. 2. The Andrews Coal Com- 
pany owned it from 1905 to 1907; 



the Diamond Coal Company leased it 
for two years, and the Averil Coal 
Company operated it from 1910 to 
the beginning of 1914. The coal was 
from No. 3 vein. The number of 
men employed here was about two 
hundred and the output of coal per 
day was about eleven hundred tons. 
There was a gas explosion in this 
mine on December 23, 1905. The 
explosion was caused by two inex- 
perienced workmen. Nine men were 
injured. There was no work at the 
mine for several days on account of 
the fire. The mine is not working at 
p f^cm ii r!7" r— 

Steam Shovel. 
No mining industry in Sullivan 
county is attracting as much atten- 
tion as the strip mine of the Warren 
Coal Company on the Greensbury 
Shepherd farm a half-mile north- 
east of Jackson Hill No. 2. It was 
opened for operation in the summer 
of 1913. Although the industry is 
young, the mine at the time of this 
writing is working every day and 
furnishes steady employment to from 
fifty to one hundred men. The pe- 
culiar attraction about the strip 
mine is that the coal is mined from 
the surface, a steam shovel being; 
used to upturn the coal from a few 
feet underground. The dirt is taken 
from over the coal by a large steam 
shovel. Then the coal is taken out 
and loaded into small cars by a small 
steam shovel. When the "cut" is 
made and the coal is taken out. the 
dirt is scraped back into the cut and 
a new cut is made. The coal is* 
hauled to the railroad switch by a 
small engine and there is screened 
and loaded into the cars for ship-- 
ping. The working of the shovel has 
proved an attraction to hundreds of 
» persons and many "outsiders" visit 
the mine every day to watch the 
shovel work. Experienced coal men 
estimate that this mine Is good for 
five years at least. No. 7 vein is be- 
ing mined and the company operat- 
ing the mine is on the lookout for 
other land in the community where 
the coal lies near the surface. This is 
the first and only strip mine in Sulli-- 
van county. The mine is under the 
direction of William Stewart, an ex- 



71 



perienced coal man as superinten- 
I (lent. The first coal was shipped 
last spring. The company has offices 
; near the mine on the old Shepherd 
' homestead, where a hotel also has- 
i been established. 

I The biographies of the oldest resi-" 

j dents of the district are given be-*' 
low: 

Singleton Mar.sliall. 

j Singleton Marshall was born in 

' Washington connty, Indiana, .Tune 1, 

1828. He was the son of Ambrose 

and Cynthia Marshall. The mother 

was reared near Albany, Indiana, 

and was of Scotch-Irish descent. The 

father, a native of Kentucky, was of 

English descent and came to Wash-* 

ington county when about ten years* 

old. Ambrose Marshall followed 

' farming all his life and died in* 

Washington county. 

Singleton continued to live with* 
his parents until he was twenty-one* 
and during the following three years* 
worked for his father. After hi^ 
marriage he bought a farm in Wash- 
ington county but sold it after six' 
years and rented for three years. He 
bought one hundred and sixty acres 
near where he now lives. Here he* 
I lived until 1890, then he went west* 
for a better location but finding* 
I nothing better than his land in In-' 
" diana, he came back and lived on a' 
rented farm for a short time. Et* 
I then bought a tract of land near Hy- 
I mera but afterwards, on account of 
j ill health, he went to Arkansas and 
i bought two hundred and forty-seven 
j acres in that state, two hundred of 
I which he yet owns. He spent the 
I winters there for several years but 
j now makes his home with Mrs. Mar- 
shall, a daughter-in-law, in Jackson 
township. 

In August, 1850 Mr. Marshall was 
married to Mary Allen. Eleven chil- 
dren were born to Mr. and Mre, 
Marshall. They are Robert, deceas- 
exl, Martha, deceased. Dr. Alfred 
Franklin Marshall, deceased, Mary 
Jane, wife of William Lucas of Den- 
ver, Colorado, Emma, wife of Doug- 
las Marshall, Julian, farmer of Jack- 
son township, Laura, wife of John 
Nead of Hymera. Ona, wife of Chas. 
Rusher, Oliver, who was killed bv a 



train near Hymera in I'JOl, Eva, de- 
ceased, and Edward, deceupe'l Mr. 
Marshall is a member of tlie NU Jic*- 
dist church. He is now eighty-six 
years old. 

Mi-s. (ireensbury Shepliord. 
Eliza Jane Shepherd was born Mar 
10, 1838, in Ireland. She was the 
daughter of Orr and Nancy Martin 
Snowden. When three years old she 
came from Ireland to Pennsylvania 
and lived there until 1852, when she 
came with her parents to Sullivan 
county, Indiana. On March 5. 1861 
she was married to Greensbury Shep- 
herd. To them were born nine chil- 
dren, Josephine, George, Wen%vood, 
Porter, Montford, Maimie, Nellie, 
Virginia, deceased, and one child 
that died in infancy. Mr. Shepherd 
died October 30. 1897. Mrs. Shep- 
herd now lives on her farm south of 
Hymera. 

George Ring. 

George Ring was born in Ken- 
tucky, February 15, 1S3.S. His 
father farmed here until George^ was 
eight years old and then moved to 
Indiana. His father was killed on 
the way to Indiana to pay for his 
farm. He lived with his mother un- 
til his marriage to Catherine Feath- 
erline. Their children are Bell, who 
died when small, Mrs. Henn.* Henry 
of Hymera, Mrs. Elizabeth Terry of 
Jackson township. Joe, now living in 
Illinois. Mrs. Lulu Rogers of Terre 
Haute. Mrs. Retta Shanasta of Terre 
Haute, Mrs. Nancy Andrews of Terre 
Haute. William, of Hymera. and Or- 
lie, deceased. George Ring lived 
with his daughter, Mrs. Terry, in Hy- 
mera until his marriage to Mary Ann 
Burress. He is now seventy-seven 
years old. 

^lary Ann Ring. 

Mary Ann Secrest Ring was born 
in Virginia, October 10, 1837. Her 
father was a plantation owner in 
that state. He moved to Indiana 
when Mary was eight years old. 
They moved here in wagons, where 
her father bought a farm, in Jackr 
son township. When nineteen years 
of age she was married to Elisha 
Burress. Mr. and Mrs. Burress 
lived in many different place* on ac- 
count of Mr. Burress's work. He 



72 



\v;is an enKinP'T. To Mr. and Mrs. 
Hnrress were born elevon childrpn 
Janf, Bettip, Dan, Rose, Jim Charles. 
Lfwis, Beulah and Ida, deceased. 
Mr. Burress died September ?,, 1901. 
She lived with her children until her 
marriage with George Ring. Slie is 
now seventy-eight years old. 

>fr. and .Mrs. James Rrock. 

James Brock was born in Ohio, 
December 7, 1850. His mother and 
father moved to Indiana in 1860. His 
father was a carpenter and a farmer. 
Mr. Brock's father is still living in 
South Dakota and is eighty-seven 
years old. He came from Scotland 
when a boy. Mr. Brock also has one 
uncle living. The two brothers and 
the father were all of the family that 
came from Scotland. Mr. Brock 
married Angeline Thomas in 1872. 
Mrs. Brock is Welsh. She was born 
in Kentucky, May 21, 1846. There 
were three children born to Mr. and 
Mrs. Brock, Minnie Woodall, of Put- 
nam county, Sallie Sharp, of Jack- 
son township and Rose Crelber, of 
riny County. Mr. and Mrs. Brock 
have twenty-five grandchildren. Mr. 
and Mrs. Brock's fathers were both 
soldiers in the Mexican War. Mr. and 
Mrs. Brock moved to Jackson town- 
ship in 1903, where they still live. 
Mrs. .Mary Jane Curry. 

Mrs. Mary Jane Ford Curry was 
born in Noble county, Ohio, April 
15. 1849. Her father, John Ford, 
was one of the multitude which 
crossed the great Western Plains by 
ox teams in the latter part of the 
year 184 9 to seek their fortune ir, 
the gold fields of California. He' 
returned five years later, without,' 
having found much gold and bought' 
property in Spencer, Indiana, to' 
which place he proceeded to move'^ 
his family, consisting of a son, LyJ 
man. by a former marriage, his wife' 
Carolina, and their children, George' 
and Jane. ~^- 

The family came down the Ohio 
river by boat from Marietta to Cin- 
cinnati thence by railroad to Spen- 
cer. 

Mr. Ford and a business partner 
engaged in the undertaking business 
in Spencer. The caskets they used 
were made by Mr. Ford, who was an 



expert wood worker. Two years 
later the Fords again moved west- 
ward, settling this time one and one- 
(luarter milts south of the prestnt 
town of Ilymera, on a farm pur- 
chased from the Wabash and Erie 
Canal Company. An old orchard and 
signs of a well mark the spot wheia 
the old home stood. A little store- 
was kept in one room of the log, 
house. 

Mr. Ford made and operated the 
first sorgum mill in this section of 
the country. The entire mill, even' 
the gearings, were made of wood. ' 

Three children were born to Mr. 
and Mrs. Ford after they left Ohio. 
Callie, Alabama and Flora. Callie 
and George are now dead. ' 

Mr. Ford was a man of consider- 
able military experience. He serred 
in the regular army, in the Mexican 
War, and in the Civil War. He died 
in 1885. Mrs. Ford was a gentle, 
sweet spirited, hard working, set- 
tler's wife, a mother esteemed by all 
who knew her. She died in 189 2.. ' 

The Ford children went to school 
at the Township House north of Hy- 
mera. George, Jane and Alabama 
also attended the famous Ascension 
Seminary under Captain Crawford 
at Farmersburg. All three after- 
wards taught school. Jane first 
taught at the Park school house in 
Cass township, and later at the Ladd 
school in district No. 7, Jackson 
township. She was married March 
26. 1874 to John Harvey Curry, son 
of Mr. and Mrs. Frank Curry of Cur- 
ry township. They began housekeep- 
ing on a farm in Cass township,' 
where they lived three years. They 
then moved to the Woodrow farm 
east of Coffee PostofTice in Clay 
county. In 1877 they moved back 
^o Jackson township and bought a 
part of the place which Mr. Ford 
purchased from the Canal Company. 
A home was erected and the task of 
clearing and paying for the farm 
was under way when in 18 89 the* 
house and all its furnishings were 
destroyed by file. This loss, with 
the subsequent redoubled efl'ortB and 
consequent exposures on the part 
of Mr. Curry to provide for his fam- 
ily brought on an attack of the tu- 



7J 



berculosis which resulted In his Mrs. Curry. Ray, the oldest, met a 
death in*1892. ' sudden death in a railroad crossing 

Six children were born to Mr. and 



Lcident in 1900. P^rank, Joe, Jes- 
?, John and Ethel are living. 



Chapter 1 2. District No. 11. 




District No. 11, is in the extreme 
southeastern part of the township. 
The land is rolling and well adapted 
to farming yet the mining industry 
has pat farming more or less in the 
background. The district contains 
three miles of good rocked roads — 
two miles running east and west 
through the district and one mile 
running north and south. These 
roads were built in 1905 and 1906 
by Mr. Ersigner, contractor. 

The first school house in the dis- 
trict was built of logs about 1838 
and was located west of the present 



school building. Some of the stud- 
ents who went to school in this 
building were Mrs. Greenbury Shep- 
herd. Mrs. Mary Badders and Mrs. 
Tressa Cole. Two of the teachers 
were Washington McMillan and 
Charles Grant. The second building 
was a frame one and was located 
acro.'^s the road south of the present 
building. The first teacher who 
taught here was James Stark. 

From 1890 to 1S94 there was a 
postoffice in this district. It was 
known as Eagle and the postmaster 
was Samuel Cole. 



74 



The HoUiiers who went to the Civil 

War from this district were 

iMatherly, John Snowden and Mr. 
Barnes. 

The lUwIdeis Miiio. 

Tlie Badders or Sima mine is situ- 
ated about one mile southeast of the 
Hamilton Blocks. The mine was 
built by the Sima Coal Company in 
l'Jl»2 but is now owned by the Mo- 
non (;oal Company. The coal in this 
mine was a fine quality of bitumi- 
nous coal of No. 3 vein which was 
about two hundred and seventy feet 
from the surface. The mine is now 
abandoned and the buildings are in 
a dilapidated condition. George 
Pugh was killed at this mine. He 
was hoisted to the top of the tipple 
where he became entangled in the 
sheave wheel and was killed. 
Hamilton Blocks. 

The little mining camp known as 
the Hamilton Blocks was built in 
1903 to accommodate the men who 
were employed in the Hamilton mine 
in District No. 10. An addition was 
built to the camp in 1913. There 
are in all twenty-four houses. Since 
the abandonment of the mine here, 
the men who live here are employed 
at the Lattis Creek mine and the 
Warren Coal Company's strip mine. 
There are at present about fifteen 
families living here. 

Mr. and .Mrs. Samuel Cole. 

Mr. Samuel Cole was born in 
Greene County, Indiana, August 23, 
1845. He later came to Sullivan 
county and married Tressa Snowden 
who came from Ireland to Pennsyl- 
vania, January 27, 1841. In 1853 
she came to Sullivan county, Indiana. 
In 189 4 Mr. Cole became a notary 
public and in 1890 was made post- 
master of the postoflfice known as 



Eagle, which he held for four years. 
Jarob (^uiiiHoii. 

Jacob Cumson was born June 28. 
1848, the son of James and Karly 
Cumson. He was married October 
13, 1838 to Sarah E. Lambright, 
daughter of Henry and Mary Jane 
Lambright. To this union was born 
one child, Mrs. Libbie Cumson Bad- 
ders. Mrs. Cumson died in 1908. 
.Mary Iladders. 

Mary Badders was born March 8, 
1832 in Ireland, the daughter of Orr 
and Nancy Snowden. She came to 
Pennsylvania when about eight years 
old and lived there until 1852 when 
she came to Sullivan County, Indi- 
ana with her parents, settling one 
quarter of a mile west of where she 
now lives. Her father and mother 
both lived in Sullivan County until 
their death. The father died in 
1879 and the mother in 1899. She 
was married June 8, 1858 to Sam- 
uel Badders who was born in Colum- 
bia county, Ohio, January 6, 1827, 
a son of James and Christina Bad- 
ders. They moved to Ohio just after 
the war of 1812 but in 1829 re- 
turned to Pennsylvania where they 
spent the remainder of their days on 
a farm in Beaver county. Mr. Bad- 
ders secured his education in the 
district schools of Pennsylvania and 
studied book keeping at Duffs Com- 
mercial College at Pittsburg, Penn- 
sylvania. He followed book keeping 
for several years and in 1857 came 
to Sullivan county. He died May 24. 
1912. Ten children were born to 
Mr. and Mrs. Badders. They are 
Mrs. Indiana Irwin, of Arkansas. 
John C, Mrs. Marietta Case, Samuel 
Burton (deceased), Clinton S., Mrs. 
Lewti Shivers (deceased), Mrs Wm 
Gordon and Harry M , of Aikansas 



75 



(HvriKi: i:{. 

I'rosent (iliin|)^es aii«I Kiituro I*r<»s- 

jMHl.s <>r the AKririiltiire of 

Jiick.s<in Tow iislii|t. 

Written by Co. Agont, A. W. Kayet,. 
The status of a farming section is 
usually measured by crop and live 
stock returns, farm improvements 
and educational attainments. In 
considering and measuring for an 
ideal, a future possibility; soil char- 
acters, crop and stock adaptation, 
markets and educational outlook 
are vital factors. Under the present 
conditions, Jackson township can be 
classed only as an average farming 
section; but, when one considers 
possibilities, and looks to future 



-- ^ - 


_, , 


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-^^^1 


1 


Xf \-y^^m 




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^m 


1 




I 





A. W. HAYES. County Agent. 
development, all signs point toward 
much better things than are now be- 
ing enjoyed. The solidity, strength, 
and perpetuity of Jackson township 
lie in the intelligent development of 
her soils, live stock, homes and 
schools, and in the maintenance upon 
her farms of intelligent, thrifty men 
and women, who see in agriculture a 



fiiture of worth, calling for the best 
of thought and skill. 
SoilH. 

The soils of the township have 
nearly all been extensively timbered, 
and. with the exception of the bot- 
tom lands, are quite deficient in or- 
ganic matter; . consecjuently they 
puddle easily and allow crops to 
suffer much from drouth and exces- 
sive rainfall. The land along the 
streams is usually rolling to undul- 
ating and of a yellow to a yellow 
gray si!t loam. Much of this soil is 
eroded so badly that it should be 
kept in permanent pasture. The lar- 
ger portion of the township is com- 
posed of a very desirable type of soil, 
which, when carefully handled, is 
very responsive to fertilization and 
cultivation. Several things of great 
economic importance relative to 
profitable and permanent farming on 
the soils of the township are to be 
kept in mind. Most of the land is in 
sad need of drainage. This will 
mean, in many cases, properly laid 
tile drainage systems. There ' are 
very few farms, indeed, in the town- 
ship which will not be benefitted by 
a rational system of tile drainage. In 
fact, they will not attain their high- 
est and most remunerative produc- 
tive capacities until they are drained 
Acid or sour soil conditions is caus- 
ing much present difficulty in set:-ur- 
ing stands of red clover. Alfalfa will 
refuse to grow until the soil is made 
sweet. Most of the land of the entire 
township is now acid. A liberal ap- 
plication of ground limestone (two 
to four tons per acre every four or 
five years) is the cheapest and best 
metliod of restoring the soil to its 
original sweet condition and helping 
to insure successful crops of clover 
and alfalfa. The farmers have no 
one to blame but themselves for not 
using limestone consistently and reg- 
ularly. It can be had In numerous 
places over the township simply for 
the grinding, as there are fine out- 
crops of a high grade stone in the 
township. The stone at Alum Cave 
is especially accessible, also stone on 
the Gordon farm near Hyraera. 

Soil analysis and crop returns 
show the average of the farmed 



76 



lands to be very low iu phosphorus 
and nitrogen. These two important 
e'ements may be applied through 
growing more legume crops, such as 
clovers, cowpeas, and soybeans, and 
plowing them under, or the manure 
made from them; also, all plant re- 
fuse, such as cornstalks and waste 
straw, with good heavy applications 
of a phosphate fertilizer such as 
bone meal, rock phosphate, or acid 
phosphate. At least one fourth of 
the cultivated area of every farm 
should have such treatement every 
year. 

Ldve Stock. 

Jackson Township does not keep 
a high enough grade of live stock; 
not enough hogs and cattle are fed 
on her farms; and not enough good 
producing brood mares are kept in 
her pastures. It costs very^Jittle 
more to feed and care for~&n animal 
of good quality than it does a scrub 
or mongrel. The well-bred animal 
always has a market and is a con- 
stant source of satisfaction to its 
owner. Great possibilities are open 
in the way of live stock improvement 
especially in raising standards in 
horse, hog and cattle breeding. _ 
Orchards. 

There is no fruit which tastes so 
good or means so much to one as 
the fruit grown on his own prover- 
bial "vine and fig tree." With this 
thought in view, the fruit growers 
and farmers should at once plan to 
give more attention to their fruit 
resources. Most of the orchards are 
in need of thorough pruning, spray- 
ing, and cultivation. San Jose scale 
has been making serious inroads on 
the apple, peach, and pear trees, and 
unless headed off by careful spraying 
will lay waste to such fruit raising. 
The gently rolling to undulating soils 
yield an excellent quality of tree and 
bush fruit when given proper care 
and attention. 

In things of an educational nature 
pertaining to better farm conditions, 
the people of the township are show- 
ing much interest and giving good 
support. An annual one-day farm- 
ers' institute is held in the fall at 
Hymera. Local talent helps on the 
program with the assistance of Pur- 



due University Kxiension workers. 
Last year the meinber.ship of the 
institute approached the hundred 
mark with several hundred in atten- 
dance. Mr. C. ('. Bosstick, is the 
present chairman. In the fall of 
19115 a Better Farming Association 
was organized and Mr. F. M. Nead 
chosen chairman. It held numerous 
meetings at different school houses 
over the township, all of which were 
well attended. During the past year 
it has be egaiT ore or less inactive. 

Th'e'Township is to be congratu- 
lated on the successful poultry asso- 
ciation it maintains. Two excellent 
poultry shows have been staged at 
Hymera during the past two winters. 
This association is doing an incal- 
culable amount of good in raising 
the standards of breeding and feed- 
-ing poultry. Something of its nature 
could and should be worked out with 
other lines of live stock raising. 

During the past year agriculture 
has been taken up in all the grade 
and country schools and made a defi- 
nite topic of study. The work is new 
to the teachers and pupils and meth- 
ods of teaching it are somewhat 
vague. Nevertheless, considerable 
worthy progress has been made, and 
indications are favorable to an ex- 
cellent future in the study. The 
township high school has been de- 
veloping a high school course which 
has been efficiently managed by Prof. 
J. P. Curry. 

The Corn Club. 

The first boys' acre corn growing 
contest was organized in the spring 
of 1914. A good number of boys 
joined, but only four completed the 
work. The following "-boys made 
good records in the project: Ralph 
Gordon, Frankie Gouckenour. Virgil 
Woodard, and Clarence Riggen. As 
5 prize for township winners in the 
corn club the Sullivan business men 
awarded a free trip to Purdue Uni- 
versity to the one week course held 
in January. This was won by Clar- 
ence Riggen. He succeeded in grow- 
ing on his acre of land seventy two 
bushels of corn at the low cost of 
$.125 per bushel. What (his boy 
did during the dry season of 1914 
shows to the thoughtful farmer of 



11 



Jackson township some of the pos- 
aibilities of applying science and 
care to the development of agricul- 
ture. 

The past eighteen months have re- 
corded considerable interest over the 
township in better farming plans. A 
well attended wheat production 
meeting was held on Isaac Brown's 
farm in the month of August. Mr. 
J. C. Beavers of Purdue University 
addressed the audience on wheat 
improvement. Two large seed corn 
selection meetings have been held; 
one in the fall of 1913 on the Pat- 
ton farm east of Hymera. and the 
other in the fall of 1914 on the 
Riggen farm north of Hymera. In 
March, 1914, an enthusiastic miners' 
and gardeners' meeting was held in 
Hymera, and a result of discussions 
developed, "forty tons of ground lime- 
stone were purchased and used up- 
on some of the acid garden soils of 
the town. Ollie Pruitt. Chas. Van- 
arsdall. F. M. Nead, John Thralls. 
Jack Dunlap, Henry Patton, P. 
Stutsman. Wint Cummins, V. D. 
Cummins and Geo. Cravens were 
some .of the users. Ollie Pruitt is 
one of the foremost believers in this 
material for soils of Jackson town- 
ship. He made a remarkably fine 
record from its use on a quarter of 
an acre of garden truck. 

^yint Cummins is taking a leading 
position in working out for his 
farm, a profitable and systematic 
plan of soil building. He has ap- 
plied several car loads of ground 
limestone to the soil, is commencing 
to grow clover, and other legumes 
which are to be plowed under with 
rock phosphate. • 

No good reason exists for the hin- 
drance of a steady, normal growth 
of progress and advancement on the 
farms of the township. The future 
for the young man or woman is 
bright and holds out for them just as 
good opportunities as can be found 
for the use of brains and active ser- 
vice in any other section of the land. 
FRANK M. NEAD 
E.\-Trustee of Jackson Township. 

Frank M. Nead was born in Jack 
son township. October 16, 1858, on 
the farm he now owns southwest of 



Hymera. He is the son of John 
Nead and Nancy Tipton Nead who 
came from Ohio and settled on the 
farm now owned by Mr. Nead. In 
.\ugust. IS 62, his father enlisted for 
service in the Civil War and served 
in Company I of the ninety-seventh 
Regiment of Indiana Volunteers. .\f- 
ter being in the service but one year 
he fell sick and died, August 31, 
1S63 at Camp Sherman on the Big 





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FRANK M. NEAD. 

Black river between Vicksburg and 
Jackson. Mississippi, where he was 
buried with military honors. Mr. 
Nathan Hinkle and Mr. John Keene 
were with him when he died and 
assisted at his burial. His body now 
rests in the National Cemetery at 
Vicksburg. where it was removed by 
authority of the federal government 
in 186 7. Mr. Nead's mother was a 
teacher and taught for eleven years 
in the schools of Ohio and Indiana. 
She died in 1896, and is buried at 
Bethel cemetery. Frank was the 
oldest of three children and but nve 
years old when his father died. He 
attended at what was known as the 
Ring School House, at first in the 
old log house which burned "in 1*68 
and later in the frame building. He 



78 



later attended the grade schools of 
Hyniera, Farmersburg and Sullivan. 
He taught his first scliool in Curry 
town.-hip, Sullivan county. lie re- 
ceived twenty-eight dollars a month 
for teaching his first term. He taught 
in al fourteen years. In 1893 he re- 
tired from the teaching profession 
and became a farmer. In 1894 he 
was elected township assessor and 
served for five years. In 1905, af- 
ter the death of Mr. James Sanders, 
he was appointed by the commission- 
ers to serve as trustee for the re- 
mainder of Mr. Sanders' unexpired 
term. In 1908, he was elected to 
serve a second terra as trustee. In 
all he served as trustee for ten years 
in 1911 he built and equipped for 
the township the beautiful High 
School building In g^taera. - He 
joined the I. O. O. F.'at Sullivan in 
1882 and became a charter member 
in the lodge organized at Hymera 
the following year. August 22, 
1883, he was married to Adaline 
Payne, daughter of Hosea andtjSarah 
(Asbury) Payne. To^^Ir. and Mrs. 
Nead there were born four children. 
They are Conza (Mrs. Moreland), 
Garland, Holmes, and Esther. Mr. 
and Mrs. Nead are at present living 
in Hymera. 
.MR. .\ND MR%JVV. J. WILLI.\MS. 
Present Trustee of Jackson Tp. 
Mr. W. J. Williams, the present 
trustee of Jackson township. was 
born in Wales, May 5, 1866. He 
came to America with his parents in 
1«7(> and settled in Ohio. His fath- 
er and mother both died soon after 
coming to America and the son was 




W. J. WILLIAMS. 

left alone in the world. At the age 
of nine he was adopted by Mr. and 
-Mrs. Baker, who soon moved from 
. Ohio to Pennsylvania. In 1888 he 
was married to Jenny Blease. In 
1906 Mr. and Mrs. Williams moved 
to Carlisle, Indiana, where they 
lived for three years. They then 
moved to Hymera, where they have 
since resided. Mr. Williams has been 
a miner all his life, and after com- 
ing to Hymera he was employed as 
mine boss until January 1, 1915, 
when' he began his service of trus- 
tee of Jackson township. To Mr. 
and Mrs. Williams have been born 
five children: Wesley, Lloyd, Her- 
bert, Thomas and Elizabeth. 



79 



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NOV 83